References

Abdel-Kader MS, Bahler BD, Malone S, Werkhoven MC, van Troon F, David, Wisse JH, Bursuker I, Neddermann KM, Mamber SW, Kingston DG. DNA-damaging steroidal alkaloids from Eclipta alba from the suriname rainforest. J Nat Prod. 1998 Oct;61(10):1202-8.

Abe Y, Hashimoto S, Horie T. Curcumin inhibition of inflammatory cytokine production by human peripheral blood monocytes and alveolar macrophages. Pharmacol Res. 1999 Jan;39(1):41-7.

Abe Y, Ueda T, Kato T, Kohli Y. [Effectiveness of interferon, glycyrrhizin combination therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C]. Nippon Rinsho 1994 Jul;52(7):1817-22. Japanese.

Abel R Jr, Abel AD. Perioperative antibiotic, steroid, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents in cataract intraocular lens surgery. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 1997 Feb;8(1):29-32. Review.

Abel R Jr. The Eye Care Revolution: Prevent and Reverse Common Vision Problems. New York: Kensington books, 1999.

Abraham DJ, Mehanna AS, Wireko FC, Whitney J, Thomas RP, Orringer EP. Vanillin, a potential agent for the treatment of sickle cell anemia. Blood 1991 Mar 15;77(6):1334-41.

Acharya SB et al: Pharmacological Actions of Shilaiit. Indian J Exp Biol. 1988 26(10), 775-777.

Adachi Y, Ohno N, Yadomae T. Activation of murine Kupffer cells by administration with gel-forming (1-3)-beta-D-glucan from Grifola frondosa. Biological and Pharmaceutical-Bulletin. 1998;21(3), 278-283: 25 ref.

Adachi, K. et al.. "Blood pressure-lowering activity present in the fruit body of Grifola frondosa (maitake)." 1998 Chem Pharm Bull. Mar;36(3): 1000-6.

Addy ME, Dzandu WK. Dose-response effects of Desmodium adscendens aqueous extract on histamine response, content and anaphylactic reactions in the guinea pig. J Ethnopharmacol 1986 Oct;18(1):13-20.

Adesanya SA, Sofowora A. Biological standardisation of Zanthoxylum roots for antisickling activity. Planta Med. 1983 May;48(1):27-33.

Agarwal KC. Therapeutic actions of garlic constituents. Med Res Rev. 1996 Jan;16(1):111-24. Review.

Ageel AM, et al. Experimental studies on antirheumatic crude drugs used in Saudi traditional medicine. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 1989;15(8):369-72.

Agrawal P, Rai V, Singh RB. Randomized placebo-controlled, single blind trial of holy basil leaves in patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1996 Sep;34(9):406-9.

Agren H, Reibring L, Hartvig P, Tedroff J, Bjurling P, Hornfeldt K, Andersson Y, Lundqvist H, Langstrom B. Low brain uptake of L-[11C]5-hydroxytryptophan in major depression: a positron emission tomography study on patients and healthy volunteers. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1991 Jun;83(6):449-55.

Aguiyi JC, Igweh AC, Egesie UG, Leoncini R. Studies on possible protection against snake venom using Mucuna pruriens protein immunization. Fitoterapia. 1999;70:1, 21-24:7 ref.

Ahmad I, Mehmood Z, Mohammad F. Screening of some Indian medicinal plants for their antimicrobial properties. J Ethnopharmacol. 1998 Sep;62(2):183-93.

Ahn BZ, et al. Inhibitory effect of bupleuri radix saponins on adhesion of some solid tumor cells and relation to hemolytic action: screening of 232 herbal drugs for anti-cell adhesion. Planta Med. 1998 Apr;64(3):220-4.

Aida K, Tawata M, Shindo H, Onaya T, Sasaki H, Yamaguchi T, Chin M, Mitsuhashi H. Isoliquiritigenin: a new aldose reductase inhibitor from glycyrrhizae radix. Planta Med. 1990 Jun;56(3):254-8.

Aizawa H, Shigyo M, Nakano H, Matsumoto K, Inoue H, Hara N. Effect of the Chinese herbal medicine, Bakumondo-to, on airway hyperresponsiveness induced by ozone exposure in guinea-pigs. Respirology. 1999 Dec;4(4):349-54.

Akamatsu H, Asada Y, Horio . Inhibitory effect of Shofu-san, a Japanese kampo medicine, on neutrophil functions in vitro. American Journal of Chinese Medicine. 1998;26:1, 57-64: 19 ref.

Alam MI, et al. Isolation, purification and partial characterization of viper venom inhibiting factor from the root extract of the Indian medicinal plant sarsaparilla (Hemidesmus indicus R. Br.). Toxicon. 1994 Dec;32(12):1551-7. Department of Physiology, University of Calcutta, India.

Alaoui-Youssefi A, Lamproglou I, Drieu K, Emerit I. Anticlastogenic effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) and some of its constituents in irradiated rats. Mutat Res. 1999 Sep 15;445(1):99-104.

Alarcon de la Lastra AC, et al. Gastroprotection induced by silymarin, the hepatoprotective principle of Silybum marianum in ischemia-reperfusion mucosal injury: role of neutrophils. Planta Med. 1995 Apr;61(2):116-9.

Al-Awadi FM, Gumaa KA. Studies on the activity of individual plants of an antidiabetic plant mixture. Acta Diabetol Lat. 1987 Jan-Mar;24(1):37-41.

Albert CM, et al. Fish Consumption and risk of sudden cardiac death. JAMA. 1998:279(1):23-28.

Alberts, B, et al. Essential Cell Biology, New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1998.

Albini A, D'Agostini F, Giunciuglio D, Paglieri I, Balansky R, De Flora S. Inhibition of invasion, gelatinase activity, tumor take and metastasis of malignant cells by N-acetylcysteine. Int J Cancer. 1995 Mar 29;61(1):121-9.

Albrecht J, et al. Improved purification of an (R)-oxynitrilase from Linum usitatissimum (flax) and investigation of the substrate range. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 1993 Apr;17 ( Pt 2):191-203. Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada.

Alcocer-Varela J, Iglesias A, Llorente L, Alarcon-Segovia D. Effects of L-canavanine on T cells may explain the induction of systemic lupus erythematosus by alfalfa. Arthritis Rheum. 1985 Jan;28(1):52-7.

Al-Habbal MJ, Al-Habbal Z, Huwez FU A double-blind controlled clinical trial of mastic and placebo in the treatment of duodenal ulcer. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 1984 Sep-Oct;11(5):541-4

Allen IV. The pathology of multiple sclerosis----fact, fiction and hypotheses. Neuropathol Neurobiol 1981; 7:169-182.

Almeida JC, Grimsley EW. Coma from the health food store: interaction between kava and alprazolam. Ann Intern Med. 1996 Dec 1;125(11):940-1.

Al-Sereiti MR, Abu-Amer KM, Sen P. Pharmacology of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis Linn.) and its therapeutic potentials. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 1999;37:2, 124-130:72 ref.

Altura BM, Altura BT. Biochemistry and pathophysiology of congestive heart failure: is there a role for magnesium? Magnesium. 1986;5(3-4):134-43. Review.

Amann W. [Amenorrhea. Favorable effect of Agnus castus (Agnolyt) on amenorrhea]. ZFA (Stuttgart). 1982 Feb 10;58(4):228-31. German.

Amann W. [Elimination of obstipation with Agnolyt]. Ther Ggw. 1965 Sep;104(9):1263-5. German.

Amann W. [Premenstrual water retention. Favorable effect of Agnus castus (Agnolyt) on premenstrual water retention]. ZFA (Stuttgart). 1979 Jan 10;55(1):48-51. German.

Amann W. [Premenstrual water retention. Favorable effect of Agnus castus (Agnolyt) on premenstrual water retention]. ZFA (Stuttgart). 1979 Jan 10;55(1):48-51. German.

Amella M, Bronner C, Briancon F, Haag M, Anton R, Landry Y. Inhibition of mast cell histamine release by flavonoids and biflavonoids. Planta Med. 1985 Feb;(1):16-20.

Ammon HP, et al. [[Crataegus, toxicology and pharmacology. Part III: Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics] (author's transl)]]. Planta Med. 1981 Dec;43(4):313-22. German

Ammon HP, et al. [Crataegus, toxicology and pharmacology, Part I: Toxicity]. Planta Med. 1981 Oct;43(2):105-20. German.

Ammon HP, et al. [Crataegus, toxicology and pharmacology. Part II: Pharmacodynamics]. Planta Med. 1981 Nov;43(3):209-39.

Ammon HP, et al. Mechanism of antiinflammatory actions of curcumine and boswellic acids. J Ethnopharmacol. 1993 Mar;38(2-3):113-9. Department of Pharmacology, Eberhard-Karls University, Tubingen, FRG.

Ammon HPT and Muller AB 1985. Forscollin: from Ayurvedic remedy to a modern agent. Planta Medica, 51:473-7.

Ammon, H.P. et al. 1991. "Inhibition of leukotriene B4 formation in rat peritoneal neutrophils by an ethanolic extract of the gum resin exudate of Boswellia serrata." Planta Med. Jun;57(3):203-7.

Amosova EN, Zueva EP, Razina TG, Turetskova VF, Azarova OV, Krylova SG, Gol'dberg ED. [The search for new anti-ulcer agents from plants in Siberia and the Far East]. Eksp Klin Farmakol. 1998 Nov-Dec;61(6):31-5.

Anand CL. Effect of Avena sativa on cigarette smoking. Nature. 1971 Oct 15;233(5320):496..

Anand CL. Treatment of opium addiction. Br Med J. 1971 Sep 11;3(775):640.

Anand MP. Non-pharmacological management of essential hypertension. J Indian Med Assoc. 1999 Jun;97(6):220-5.

Anggard E. Nitric oxide: mediator, murderer, and medicine. Lancet 1994 May 14;343(8907):1199-206

Angier, N 1995 Modern life seems to supress ancient seasnal body rhythm, medical science section, New York Times, Tuesday, March 14, 1995.

Anonymous. Toxic effects of indoor molds. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Environmental Health. Pediatrics. 1998 Apr;101(4 Pt 1):712-4.

Anti M, Marra G, Armelao F, Percesepe A, Gentiloni N. Modulating effect of omega-3 fatty acids on the proliferative pattern of human colorectal mucosa. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1997;400B:605-10

Antipenko AY, Spielman AI, Kirchberger MA. Interactions of 6-gingerol and ellagic acid with the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1999 Jul;290(1):227-34.

Antiviral activity of sandalwood oil against herpes simplex viruses-1 and -2.Phytomedicine. 1999 May;6(2):119-23.

Antniak, M. 1998. "Quality is key with herbal extracts." Supplement Industry Executive. May/June.**

Antony S, Kuttan R, Kuttan G. Immunomodulatory activity of curcumin. Immunol Invest. 1999 Sep-Dec;28(5-6):291-303 Amala Cancer Research Centre, Amala Nagar, Kerala, India.

Arao T, Udayama M, Kinjo J, Nohara T, Funakoshi T, Kojima S. Preventive effects of saponins from puerariae radix (the root of Pueraria lobata Ohwi) on in vitro immunological injury of rat primary hepatocyte cultures. Biol Pharm Bull. 1997 Sep;20(9):988-91.

Arao T, Udayama M, Kinjo J, Nohara T. Preventive effects of saponins from the Pueraria lobata root on in vitro immunological liver injury of rat primary hepatocyte cultures. Planta Med. 1998 Jun;64(5):413-6.

Archana R, et al. Antistressor effect of Withania somnifera. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Jan;64(1):91-3.

Archana R, Namasivayam A. Antistressor effect of Withania somnifera. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 1999;64: 1, 91-93: 16 ref.

Aronson WJ, Tymchuk CN, Elashoff RM, McBride WH, McLean C, Wang H, Heber D. Decreased growth of human prostate LNCaP tumors in SCID mice fed a low-fat, soy protein diet with isoflavones.Nutr Cancer. 1999;35(2):130-6.

Arvind S, et al. Inhibition of complement by covalent attachment of rosmarinic acid to activated C3b. Biochemical Pharmacology. 1999;57:12, 1439-1446:35 ref.

Asano K, et al. Effect of Eleutherococcus senticosus extract on human physical working capacity. Planta Med. 1986 Jun;(3):175-7.

Astrup A, Breum L, Toubro S. Pharmacological and clinical studies of ephedrine and other thermogenic agonists. Obes Res. 1995 Nov;3 Suppl 4:537S-540S.

Atal CK, et al. Biochemical basis of enhanced drug bioavailability by piperine: evidence that piperine is a potent inhibitor of drug metabolism. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1985 Jan;232(1):258-62.

Atta AH, et al. Anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of some Jordanian medicinal plant extracts. J Ethnopharmacol. 1998 Mar;60(2):117-24.

Aucamp J, Gaspar A, Hara Y, Apostolides Z. Inhibition of xanthine oxidase by catechins from tea (Camellia sinensis). Anticancer Res. 1997 Nov-Dec;17(6D):4381-5.

Auterhoff H, Momberger B. [Lipophilic constituent of Muira puama]. Arch Pharm Ber Dtsch Pharm Ges. 1971 Mar;304(3):223-8. German

Avallone R, Zanoli P, Puia G, Kleinschnitz M, Schreier P, Baraldi M. Pharmacological profile of apigenin, a flavonoid isolated from Matricaria chamomilla. Biochem Pharmacol. 2000 Jun 1;59(11):1387-1394.

Avetisov ES, Tarutta EP, Iomdina EN, Vinetskaya MI, Andreyeva LD. Nonsurgical and surgical methods of sclera reinforcement in progressive myopia. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 1997 Dec;75(6):618-23.

Aviram M. Interaction of oxidized low density lipoprotein with macrophages in atherosclerosis, and the antiatherogenicity of antioxidants. Eur J Clin Chem Clin Biochem. 1996 Aug;34(8):599-608. Review.

Avorn, J.M., M. Monane, J.H. Gurwitz, R.J. Glynn, I. Choodnovskiy, and L.A. Lipsitz. 1994 "Reduction of bacteriuria and pyuria after ingestion of cranberry juice". Journal of American Medical Association 271:751 - 754.

Awang DV. Quality control and good manufacturing practices: safety and efficacy of commercial herbals. Food Drug Law J. 1997;52(3):341-4.

Awasthi S et al. Curcumin protects against 4-hydroxy-2-trans-nonenal-induced cataract formation in rat lenses. Am J Clin Nutr 1996 Nov;64(5):761-6 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch Galveston 77555-1067, USA.

Awasthy KS, Chaurasia OP, Sinha SP. Prolonged murine genotoxic effects of crude extracted from neem. Phytother Res. 1999 Feb;13(1):81-3.

Baas J, Senninger N, Elser H. [The reticuloendothelial system. An overview of function, pathology and recent methods of measurement]. Z Gastroenterol. 1994 Feb;32(2):117-23. Review. German.

Babich H, Babich JP. Sodium lauryl sulfate and triclosan: in vitro cytotoxicity studies with gingival cells. Toxicol Lett. 1997 May 16;91(3):189-96.

Babu TD, et al. Cytotoxic and anti-tumour properties of certain taxa of Umbelliferae with special reference to Centella asiatica (L.) Urban. J Ethnopharmacol. 1995 Aug 11;48(1):53-7.

Baek SH, Yun SS, Kwon TK, Kim JR, Chang HW, Kwak JY, Kim JH, Kwun KB. The effects of two new antagonists of secretory PLA2 on TNF, iNOS, and COX-2 expression in activated macrophages. Shock. 1999 Dec;12(6):473-8.

Bai YR, et al. [Hemodynamic study on nitroglycerin compared with Salvia miltiorrhiza]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1994 Jan;14(1):24-5, 4. Fujian Provincial Research Institute for Cardiovascular Disease, Fuzhou.

Bajracharya, MB, Arthritis Kathmandu: Piyusavarsi Ausadhalaya publishers, 1979. (Pamphlet)

Bajracharya, MB, Asthma, Kathmandu: Piyusaarsi Ausadhalaya publishers, 1988. (Pamphlet)

Bajracharya, MB, Psoriasis, Kathmandu: Piyusavarsi Ausadhalaya publishers, 1988. (Pamphlet)

Bajracharya, MB, The Eastern Theory of Diet Kathmandu: Jore Ganesh Press Pvt., 1978.

Bajracharya, M and Tillotson, A. The Handbook of Ayurvedic Medicine, Grunwald & Radcliff Publishers, Virginia Beach, 1987.

Bajracharya, MB, Tillotson A, Abel, R. Ayurvedic Ophthalmology (unpublished manuscript), 1998.

Bajracharya, MB. Asthma., Kathmandu: Piyusavarsi Ausadhalaya publishers, 1988. (Pamphlet)

Bajracharya, MB. Ayurvedic Treatment Strategies for Hepatitis. Unpublished manuscript, 1999.

Bajracharya, MB. Diabetes: How, Why and What to Do About It., Kathmandu: Piyusavarsi Ausadhalaya publishers, 1988. (Pamphlet).

Bajracharya, MB. Low Blood Pressure, Kathmandu: Piyusavarsi Ausadhalaya publishers, 1988. (Pamphlet)

Bajracharya, MB. The Ayurvedic Records of Cancer Treatment. Belaju; Jore Ganesh Press, 1987.

Bajracharya, MB. The Real Facts of Ayurveda, Kathmandu: Maitry Maslanda Udyog Press, 1995.

Bajracharya, MB.Breast Cancer, Kathmandu: Piyusavarsi Ausadhalaya publishers, 1988. (Pamphlet).

Bajracharya, MB.Varicose Veins, Kathmandu: Piyusavarsi Ausadhalaya publishers, 1988. (Pamphlet).

Balabhadrapathruni S, Thomas TJ, Yurkow EJ, Amenta PS, Thomas T. Effects of genistein and structurally related phytoestrogens on cell cycle kinetics and apoptosis in MDA-MB-468 human breast cancer cells. Oncol Rep. 2000 Jan-Feb;7(1):3-12.

Baldi I, et al. [Delayed health effects of pesticides: review of current epidemiological knowledge]. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 1998 Mar;46(2):134-42 [Article in French].

Ballentine, R Diet and Nutrition: A Holistic Approach, Honesdale: Himalayan International Institute, 1978.

Banerjee S, Ecavade A, Rao AR. Modulatory influence of sandalwood oil on mouse hepatic glutathione S-transferase activity and acid soluble sulphydryl level. Cancer Lett. 1993 Feb;68(2-3):105-9. Cancer Biology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.

Bao L, et al. [Clinical and experimental study for allergic rhinitis with treatment of biminkang mixture]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1997 Feb;17(2):70-2. Chinese.

Bao L. Obstinate cases of stromal keratitis treated by combined traditional Chinese and Western medicine. J Tradit Chin Med. 1992 Sep;12(3):169-74.

Barak, A.J. et al. 1983. "Betaine, metabolic by-product or vital methylating agent?" Life Sci. Feb;32(7):771-4.

Barak, A.J. et al. 1996. "Betaine, ethanol and the liver: a review." Alcohol. Jul-Aug;13(4):395-8.

Bardhan J, Riar SS, Sawhney RC, Kain AK, Thomas P, Ilavazhagan G. Neem oil--a fertility controlling agent in rhesus monkey. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1991 Oct;35(4):278-80

Barnard ND, Scialli AR, Hurlock D, Bertron P. Diet and sex-hormone binding globulin, dysmenorrhea, and premenstrual symptoms. Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Feb;95(2):245-50.

Barsby RW, Salan U, Knight DW, Hoult JR. Feverfew and vascular smooth muscle: extracts from fresh and dried plants show opposing pharmacological profiles, dependent upon sesquiterpene lactone content. Planta Med. 1993 Feb;59(1):20-5.

Barzilai N, Gupta G 1999 Revisiting the role of fat mass in the life extension induced by caloric restriction. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci Mar;54(3):B89-96; discussion B97-8 Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, USA. barzilai@aecom.yu.edu

Basilico MZ, Basilico JC. Inhibitory effects of some spice essential oils on Aspergillus ochraceus NRRL 3174 growth and ochratoxin A production. Lett Appl Microbiol. 1999 Oct;29(4):238-241.

Baskaran K, Kizar Ahamath B, Radha Shanmugasundaram K, Shanmugasundaram ER. Antidiabetic effect of a leaf extract from Gymnema sylvestre in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients. J Ethnopharmacol. 1990 Oct;30(3):295-300.

Baskaran, S. et al. 1990. "Antidiabetic effect of a leaf extract from Gymnema sylvestre in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients." J Ethnopharmacol. 30(3):295-300.

Bassett IB, Pannowitz DL, Barnetson RS. A comparative study of tea-tree oil versus benzoylperoxide in the treatment of acne. Med J Aust. 1990 Oct 15;153(8):455-8.

Basso A, Dalla Paola L, Erle G, Boscaro M, Armanini D. Licorice ameliorates postural hypotension caused by diabetic autonomic neuropathy. Diabetes Care. 1994 Nov;17(11):1356

Bates CJ, Chen SJ, Macdonald A, Holden R. Quantitation of vitamin E and a carotenoid pigment in cataractous human lenses, and the effect of a dietary supplement. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1996;66(4):316-21.

Batkin S, Taussig SJ, Szekerezes J. Antimetastatic effect of bromelain with or without its proteolytic and anticoagulant activity. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 1988;114(5):507-8.

Baum SS, Hill R, Rommelspacher H. Effect of kava extract and individual kavapyrones on neurotransmitter levels in the nucleus accumbens of rats. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1998 Oct;22(7):1105-20.

Baur A, Harrer T, Peukert M, Jahn G, Kalden JR, Fleckenstein B. Alpha-lipoic acid is an effective inhibitor of human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV-1) replication. Klin Wochenschr. 1991 Oct 2;69(15):722-4.

Baylor NW, et al. Inhibition of human T cell leukemia virus by the plant flavonoid baicalin (7-glucuronic acid, 5,6-dihydroxyflavone).J Infect Dis. 1992;Mar;165(3):433-7.

Becker RO 1987. Electromagnetism and the revolution in medicine. Acupunct Electrother Res. 12(1):75-9.

Bedi KL, et al. Picrorhiza kurroa, an ayurvedic herb, may potentiate photochemotherapy in vitiligo. J Ethnopharmacol. 1989 Dec;27(3):347-52

Beers M & Berkow, R, Eds., The Merck Manual, 17th edition, West Point: Merck & Company, 1999.

Behrens J. Cadherins and catenins: role in signal transduction and tumor progression.

Bei L, et al. Extracellular Ca2+ regulates the respiratory burst of human neutrophils. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Sep 16;1404(3):475-83.

Belew PW, et al. Endotoxemia in psoriasis. Arch Dermatol. 1982 Mar;118(3):142-3.

Belinky PA, Aviram M, Fuhrman B, Rosenblat M, Vaya J. The antioxidative effects of the isoflavan glabridin on endogenous constituents of LDL during its oxidation. Atherosclerosis. 1998 Mar;137(1):49-61.

Bell DG, Jacobs I. Combined caffeine and ephedrine ingestion improves run times of Canadian Forces Warrior Test. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1999 Apr;70(4):325-9.

Bell WR Jr. Long-term outcome of splenectomy for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Semin Hematol. 2000 Jan;37(1 Suppl 1):22-5. Review.

Bell WR Jr. Long-term outcome of splenectomy for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Semin Hematol. 2000 Jan;37(1 Suppl 1):22-5. Review.

Benda and Zenz. Long term outpatient treatment of hepatic cirrhosis with silymarin. Therapiewoche 1974;24(35):3598.

Benda L, et al. [The influence of therapy with silymarin on the survival rate of patients with liver cirrhosis]. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 1980 Oct 10;92(19):678-83. German.

Bendich A, Langseth L. The health effects of vitamin C supplementation: a review. J Am Coll Nutr. 1995 Apr;14(2):124-36. Review

Benencia F, Courreges MC. Antiviral activity of sandalwood oil against herpes simplex viruses-1 and -2. Phytomedicine. 1999 May;6(2):119-23.

Benencia F, Courreges MC. Nitric oxide and macrophage antiviral extrinsic activity. Immunology. 1999 Nov;98(3):363-70.

Bennett CL, Weinberg PD, Golub RM, Bussel JB. The potential for treatment of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura with anti-D to prevent splenectomy: a predictive cost analysis. Semin Hematol. 2000 Jan;37(1 Suppl 1):26-30.

Benishin CG, Lee R, Wang LC, Liu HJ Effects of ginsenoside Rb1 on central cholinergic metabolism. Pharmacology 1991;42(4):223-9

Bennett CL, Weinberg PD, Golub RM, Bussel JB. The potential for treatment of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura with anti-D to prevent splenectomy: a predictive cost analysis. Semin Hematol. 2000 Jan;37(1 Suppl 1):26-30.

Bensky, D. & Barolet, R. 1990. Formulas and Strategies. Seattle: Eastland Press, Inc.

Bensky, D., Gamble, A. Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica, Revised edition. Seattle: Eastland Press, Inc. 1993.

Benton D, Donohoe RT. The effects of nutrients on mood. Public Health Nutr. 1999 Sep;2(3A):403-9.

Berenbaum M. Phototoxicity of plant secondary metabolites: insect and mammalian perspectives. Arch Insect Biochem Physiol. 1995;29(2):119-34.Department of Entomology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.

Bergner P. The Healing Power of Minerals, Rocklin: Prima Publishing, 1997.

Bermejo Benito P, et al. In vivo and in vitro antiinflammatory activity of saikosaponins. Life Sci. 1998;63(13):1147-56.

Bertok L. [Bile acids and endotoxins: physico-chemical defense of the body]. Orv Hetil. 1999 Jan 3;140(1):3-8. Review

Bertram JS.

Bertram JS. Carotenoids and gene regulation. Nutr Rev. 1999 Jun;57(6):182-91. Review.

Beullens J. [Determinants of insomnia in relatively healthy elderly. A literature review]. Tijdschr Gerontol Geriatr. 1999 Feb;30(1):31-8. Review. Dutch.

Bharani A, et al. Salutary effect of Terminalia Arjuna in patients with severe refractory heart failure.Int J Cardiol. 1995 May;49(3):191-9.

Bhargava HN, Leonard PA. Triclosan: applications and safety. Am J Infect Control. 1996 Jun;24(3):209-18.

Bhat, J.V. & Broker, R. "Action of some plant extracts on pathogenic staphylococci." J Sci Ind Res. Sect. B, 12:540, 1953.

Bhattacharya A, et al. Antioxidant activity of active tannoid principles of Emblica officinalis. Indian J Exp Biol. 1999 Jul;37(7):676-80. Department of Chemistry, Bose Institute, Calcutta, India.

Bhattacharya SK, Satyan KS, Chakrabarti A. Effect of Trasina, an Ayurvedic herbal formulation, on pancreatic islet superoxide dismutase activity in hyperglycaemic rats. Indian J Exp Biol. 1997 Mar;35(3):297-9.

Bhaumik S, Anjum R, Rangaraj N, Pardhasaradhi BV, Khar A. Curcumin mediated apoptosis in AK-5 tumor cells involves the production of reactive oxygen intermediates. FEBS Lett. 1999 Aug 6;456(2):311-4.

Bhavan, B.V. 1992. Selected Medicinal Plants of India. Bombay: Ayurvedic Research Centre.

Bhishagratna, K.K., ed. & trans. Sushruta Samhita, 4th ed., Vol 2. Chaukhambha Sanskrit Series Office: Varanasi, India, 1991.

Bian X, et al. Prevention of maternal-fetal blood group incompatibility with traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Chinese Medical Journal. 1998, 111: 7, 585-587: 4 ref.

Bianchi-Santamaria A, Stefanelli C, Cembran M, Gobbi M, Peschiera N, Vannini V, Santamaria L. Hepatic subcellular storage of beta-carotene in rats following diet supplementation. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1999 Jan;69(1):3-7.

Biggs MJ, Johnson ES, Persaud NP, Ratcliffe DM. Platelet aggregation in patients using feverfew for migraine. Lancet. 1982 Oct 2;2(8301):776.

Biggs TA, Myers RD. Naltrexone and amperozide modify chocolate and saccharin drinking in high alcohol-preferring P rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1998 Jun;60(2):407-13.

Bin SC, Fu ZP, Qi ZZ. People's Republic of China: perspectives in school health. J Sch Health. 1990 Sep;60(7):349-50.

Bingham SA. Mechanisms and experimental and epidemiological evidence relating dietary fibre (non-starch polysaccharides) and starch to protection against large bowel cancer. Proc Nutr Soc. 1990 Jul;49(2):153-71. Review.

Biswas NR, Beri S, Das GK, Mongre PK. Comparative double blind multicentric randomised placebo controlled clinical trial of a herbal preparation of eye drops in some ocular ailments. J Indian Med Assoc. 1996 Mar;94(3):101-2.

Biswas S, et al. Protection against cytotoxic effects of arsenic by dietary supplementation with crude extract of emblica officinalis fruit. Phytother Res. 1999 Sep;13(6):513-6 Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences, 99 Sarat Bose Road, Calcutta 700 026, India.

Black MH, Giai M, Ponzone R, Sismondi P, Yu H, Diamandis EP. Serum total and free prostate-specific antigen for breast cancer diagnosis in women. Clin Cancer Res. 2000 Feb;6(2):467-73.

Bladt S, Wagner H. Inhibition of MAO by fractions and constituents of hypericum extract. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 1994 Oct;7 Suppl 1:S57-9.

Blanc PD, Kuschner WG, Katz PP, Smith S, Yelin EH. of herbal products, coffee or black tea, and over-the-counter medications as self-treatments among adults with asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1997 Dec;100(6 Pt 1):789-91.

Bland J. Functional assessment and nutritional oncology. Functional Medicine Update, vol. 20, No. 4, April. Gig Harbor: Institute for Functional Medicine, 2000 (tape).

Bland J. Genetic Nutritioneering. Los Angeles, Keats Publishing, 1999.

Bland, J. Nutritional Management of Inflammatory Disorders. Gig Harbor: Institute for Functional Medicine, 1998.

Blesken R. [Crataegus in cardiology]. Fortschr Med. 1992 May 30;110(15):290-2. German.

Blumenthal, M. 1993. The Complete German Commission E Monographs: Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines. Austin: Integrative Medical Communications.

Blundell JE, King NA. Overconsumption as a cause of weight gain: behavioural-physiological interactions in the control of food intake (appetite). Ciba Found Symp. 1996;201:138-54; discussion 154-8, 188-93. Review.

Bohn B, et al. Flow-cytometric studies with eleutherococcus senticosus extract as an immunomodulatory agent. Arzneimittelforschung. 1987 Oct;37(10):1193-6. Orpegen Medizinisch-Molekularbiologische Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Heidelberg, Fed. Rep. of Germany.

Boik, J Cancer and Natural Medicine Princeton, Oregon Medical Press, 1995.

Bokemeyer C, Fels LM, Dunn T, Voigt W, Gaedeke J, Schmoll HJ, Stolte H, Lentzen H. Silibinin protects against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity without compromising cisplatin or ifosfamide anti-tumour activity. Br J Cancer. 1996 Dec;74(12):2036-41.

Bone K and Burgess N 1997, Defining Traditional Knowledge, Modern Phytotherapist Vol 3 No 3.

Bone K Clinical Applications of Chinese and Ayurvedic Herbs, Phytotherapy Press, Queensland, Australia, 1996.

Bone RA. Landrum JT. 1992 Distribution of macular pigment components, zeaxanthin and lutein, in human retina. Methods Enzymol:213:360-6.

Bone, K (ED) Turmeric - The Spice of Life, MediHerb Prof Newsletter 23,24, 1991, MediHerb Pty Ldt, Warwick, Qld., Australia.

Booth, SL, Suttie, JW. 1998. Dietary intake and adequacy of vitamin K. J. Nutr. 128(5):785- 788.)

Borchers AT, et al. Mushrooms, tumors, and immunity. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1999 Sep;221(4):281-93. Review

Borchert GH, Yu H, Tomlinson G, Giai M, Roagna R, Ponzone R, Sgro L, Diamandis EP. Prostate specific antigen molecular forms in breast cyst fluid and serum of women with fibrocystic breast disease. J Clin Lab Anal. 1999;13(2):75-81.

Bortoft H, Goethe's Scientific Consciousness, Notingham, Russel Press Ltd., 1986.

Bos R, Woerdenbag HJ, van Putten FM, Hendriks H, Scheffer JJ. Seasonal variation of the essential oil, valerenic acid and derivatives, and velopotriates in Valeriana officinalis roots and rhizomes, and the selection of plants suitable for phytomedicines. Planta Med. 1998 Mar;64(2):143-7.

Bosse U, Bannert N, Niessen KH, Teufel M, Rose I. [Chlorinated carbohydrate content of fetal and pediatric organs and tissues]. Zentralbl Hyg Umweltmed. 1996 Mar;198(4):331-9. German.

Bostick RM. Human studies of calcium supplementation and colorectal epithelial cell proliferation. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1997 Nov;6(11):971-80. Review

Bouic PJ et al. The effects of B-sitosterol (BSS) and B-sitosterol glucoside (BSSG) mixture on selected immune parameters of marathon runners: inhibition of post marathon immune suppression and inflammation. Int J Sports Med. 1999;May;20(4):258-62 .

Bouic PJ, Lamprecht JH. Plant sterols and sterolins: a review of their immune-modulating properties. Altern Med Rev. 1999;Jun;4(3):170-7.

Bracke ME, Depypere HT, Boterberg T, Van Marck VL, Vennekens KM, Vanluchene E, Nuytinck M, Serreyn R, Mareel MM. Influence of tangeretin on tamoxifen's therapeutic benefit in mammary cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1999 Feb 17;91(4):354-9.

Bracke ME, Van Roy FM, Mareel MM. The E-cadherin/catenin complex in invasion and metastasis. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1996;213 ( Pt 1):123-61. Review.

Bradley, P.R., ed. 1992. British Herbal Compendium, Volume 1. Dorset: British Herbal Medicine Association.

Bradlow HL, Sepkovic DW, Telang NT, Osborne MP. Multifunctional aspects of the action of indole-3-carbinol as an antitumor agent. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999;889:204-13. Review

Braquet P, Hosford D. Ethnopharmacology and the development of natural PAF antagonists as therapeutic agents. J Ethnopharmacol. 1991 Apr;32(1-3):135-9. Review

Braquet, P. and Hosford, D. 1991. Ethnopharmacology and the Development of Natural PAF Antagonists as Therapeutic Agents. J. Ethnophar. 32:135-139

Breakey J. The role of diet and behaviour in childhood. J Paediatr Child Health. 1997 Jun;33(3):190-4. Review.

Breinholt V, Arbogast D, Loveland P, Pereira C, Dashwood R, Hendricks J, Bailey G. Chlorophyllin chemoprevention in trout initiated by aflatoxin B(1) bath treatment: An evaluation of reduced bioavailability vs. target organ protective mechanisms. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1999 Jul 15;158(2):141-51.

Brekhman, I.I. & Dardymovi, V. 1969. "New substances of plant origin which increase nonspecific resistance." Annu Rev Pharmacol. 9:419-30.

Brekhman, LL., and Kirillov, IO Life Sci. 1969, 8:113.

Bremer, J 1932 Presence and influence of spiral streams in the heart of the chick embryo. Am J of Anatomy 49: 409-440.

Brennan, M. 2000. Plant may hold key to ultimate antibiotic. C&ENews . Feb. 21, 2000, pp. 6-7.

Brigelius-Flohe R. Tissue-specific functions of individual glutathione peroxidases. Free Radic Biol Med. 1999 Nov;27(9-10):951-65. Review.

Brinkeborn RM, et al. Echinaforce and other Echinacea fresh plant preparations in the treatment of the common cold. A randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Phytomedicine. 1999 Mar;6(1):1-6.

Brinker F, Herb Contraindications and Drug Interactions, 2nd ed. Sandy, Eclectic Medical Publications, 1998. ISBN 1-888483-06-7.

Brinker FJ J. Endocrine Inhibition by Botanical Agents Naturopath. Med 1991;2(1):18-32

Brinker, F. Variations in Effective Botanical Products, Herbalgram 1999 #45, Spring 1999.

Bron AJ, Vrensen GF, Koretz J, Maraini G, Harding JJ. The Ageing Lens. Ophthalmologica. 2000 Jan;214(1):86-104.

Bron AJ, Vrensen GF, Koretz J, Maraini G, Harding JJ. The Ageing Lens. Ophthalmologica. 2000 Jan;214(1):86-104

Brown AM, Edwards CM, Davey MR, Power JB, Lowe KC. Pharmacological activity of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip.): assessment by inhibition of human polymorphonuclear leukocyte chemiluminescence in-vitro. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1997 May;49(5):558-61.

Brown MD. Green tea (Camellia sinensis) extract and its possible role in the prevention of cancer. Altern Med Rev. 1999 Oct;4(5):360-70.

Brown NA, Bron AJ, Harding JJ, Dewar HM. Nutrition supplements and the eye. Eye. 1998;12 ( Pt 1):127-33. Review.

Bruhat A, Jousse C, Fafournoux P. Amino acid limitation regulates gene expression. Proc Nutr Soc. 1999 Aug;58(3):625-32. Review.

Bruinsma K, Taren DL. Chocolate: food or drug? J Am Diet Assoc. 1999 Oct;99(10):1249-56. Review.

Brustle O. Building brains: neural chimeras in the study of nervous system development and repair. Brain Pathol. 1999 Jul;9(3):527-45. Review

Buchsbaum G, Gottschalk A. Trichromacy, opponent colours coding and optimum colour information transmission in the retina. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1983 Nov 22;220(1218):89-113. Review.

Buck DS, Nidorf DM, Addino JG. Comparison of two topical preparations for the treatment of onychomycosis: Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil and clotrimazole. J Fam Pract. 1994 Jun;38(6):601-5.

Buck DS, Nidorf DM, Addino JG. Comparison of two topical preparations for the treatment of onychomycosis: Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil and clotrimazole. J Fam Pract. 1994 Jun;38(6):601-5.

Budhiraja SS, Cullum ME, Sioutis SS, Evangelista L, Habanova ST. Biological activity of Melaleuca alternifola (Tea Tree) oil component, terpinen-4-ol, in human myelocytic cell line HL-60. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999 Sep;22(7):447-53.

Buiatti E, Munoz N, Kato I, Vivas J, Muggli R, Plummer M, Benz M, Franceschi S, Oliver W. Determinants of plasma anti-oxidant vitamin levels in a population at high risk for stomach cancer. Int J Cancer. 1996 Jan 26;65(3):317-22.

Bukin YV, Draudin-Krylenko VA, Kuvshinov YP, Poddubniy BK, Shabanov MA. Decrease of ornithine decarboxylase activity in premalignant gastric mucosa and regression of small intestinal metaplasia in patients supplemented with high doses of vitamin E. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1997 Jul;6(7):543-6.

Bullough B, Hindi-Alexander M, Fetouh S. Methylxanthines and fibrocystic breast disease: a study of correlations. Nurse Pract. 1990 Mar;15(3):36-8, 43-4.

Burger RA, et al. Echinacea-induced cytokine production by human macrophages. International Journal of Immunopharmacology. 1997;19:7, 371-379:22 ref.

Burgio GR. The "molecular man": from the concept of diathesis to HLA associated diseases. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 1994 Sep-Oct;12 Suppl 10:S3-6. Review.

Burke LM, Collier GR, Hargreaves M. Glycemic index--a new tool in sport nutrition? Int J Sport Nutr. 1998 Dec;8(4):401-15. Review.

Bussing A, Regnery A, Schweizer K. Effects of Viscum album L. on cyclophosphamide-treated peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro: sister chromatid exchanges and activation/proliferation marker expression. Cancer Lett. 1995 Aug 1;94(2):199-205.

Butchko HH, Kotsonis FN. Acceptable daily intake vs actual intake: the aspartame example. J Am Coll Nutr. 1991 Jun;10(3):258-66. Review Department of Clinical Research, NutraSweet Company, Deerfield, Illinois 60015.

Bye C, Fowle AS, Letley E, Wilkinson S. Lack of effect of Avena sativa on cigarette smoking. Nature. 1974 Dec 13;252(5484):580-1.

Byun BH, Shin I, Yoon YS, Kim SI, Joe CO. Modulation of protein kinase C activity in NIH 3T3 cells by plant glycosides from Panax ginseng. Planta Med. 1997 Oct;63(5):389-92.

Caceres A, et al. Plants used in Guatemala for the treatment of dermatophytic infections. 1. Screening for antimycotic activity of 44 plant extracts. J Ethnopharmacol. 1991 Mar;31(3):263-76.

Caceres A, et al. Plants used in Guatemala for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. 1. Screening of 84 plants against enterobacteria. J Ethnopharmacol. 1990 Aug;30(1):55-73. Center for Mesoamerican Studies on Appropriate Technology, Guatemala.

Caceres DD, Hancke JL, Burgos RA, Sandberg F, Wikman GK. Use of visual analogue scale measurements (VAS) to asses the effectiveness of standardized Andrographis paniculata extract SHA-10 in reducing the symptoms of common cold. A randomized double blind-placebo study. Phytomedicine. 1999 Oct;6(4):217-23.

Caffery BE. Influence of diet on tear function. Optom Vis Sci. 1991 Jan;68(1):58-72. Review

Cai J, et al. [Effect of a decoction of six ingredients with rehmannia on the periodontal tissues of animals with kidney diseases]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1990 May;10(5):295-7, 262. Chinese.

Calbet JA, et al, 1998 Bone mineral content and density in professional tennis players. Calcif Tissue Int 1998 Jun;62(6):491-6.

Camanni E, Strumia E, Portaleone P, Molinatti GM. Prolactin secretion during reserpine and syrosingopine treatment. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1981;20(5):347-9.

Camma C, Craxi A. Chronic hepatitis C: retreatment of relapsers. An evidence-based approach.

Campisi J. Cancer, aging and cellular senescence. In Vivo. 2000 Jan-Feb;14(1):183-8.

Canty DJ, Zeisel SH, Lecithin and choline in human health and disease, Nutr Reviews 52, 327-339, 1994.

Cao G, et al. Hyperoxia-induced changes in antioxidant capacity and the effect of dietary antioxidants.J Appl Physiol. 1999 Jun;86(6):1817-22.

Carson CF, Riley TV. Antimicrobial activity of the major components of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia. J Appl Bacteriol. 1995 Mar;78(3):264-9.

Cascinu S, Cordella L, Del Ferro E, Fronzoni M, Catalano G. Neuroprotective effect of reduced glutathione on cisplatin-based chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Oncol. 1995 Jan;13(1):26-32.

Cassidy LJ, Jellinek MS 1998 Approaches to recognition and management of childhood psychiatric disorders in pediatric primary care. Pediatr Clin North Am Oct;45(5):1037-52

Castleman, M. 1991. The Healing Herbs: The Ultimate Guide to the Curative Power of Nature's Medicines. New York: Bantam.

Castro VR Chromium in a series of Portuguese plants used in the herbal treatment of diabetes. Biol Trace Elem Res 1998 Apr-May;62(1-2):101-6 Escola Superior Agraria (IPCB), Castelo Branco, Portugal.

Cater RE Chronic intestinal candidiasis as a possible etiological factor in the chronic fatigue syndrome. Med Hypotheses 1995 Jun;44(6):507-15

Cellek S, Rodrigo J, Lobos E, Fernandez P, Serrano J, Moncada S. Selective nitrergic neurodegeneration in diabetes mellitus - a nitric oxide-dependent phenomenon. Br J Pharmacol. 1999 Dec;128(8):1804-12.

Cesarone MR, et al. [Activity of Centella asiatica in venous insufficiency]. Minerva Cardioangiol. 1992 Apr;40(4):137-43. Italian.

Cesarone MR, Laurora G, De Sanctis MT, Incandela L, Grimaldi R, Marelli C, Belcaro G. [The microcirculatory activity of Centella asiatica in venous insufficiency. A double-blind study]. Minerva Cardioangiol. 1994 Jun;42(6):299-304. Italian.

Cha RJ, Zeng DW, Chang QS. [Non-surgical treatment of small cell lung cancer with chemo-radio-immunotherapy and traditional Chinese medicine]. Chung Hua Nei Ko Tsa Chih. 1994 Jul;33(7):462-6.

Chadha, YR et al., (eds.) 1985. The Wealth of India (Raw Materials), Volumes 1 &2. New Delhi: Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR.

Chan K. 1995 Progress in traditional Chinese medicine. Trends Pharmacol Sci. Jun;16(6):182-7.

Chan KH, et al. Lack of efficacy of middle-ear inflation: treatment of otitis media with effusion in children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1989 Apr;100(4):317-23.

Chan P, et al. Myocardial protective effect of trilinolein: an antioxidant isolated from the medicinal plant Panax pseudoginseng. Life Sci. 1997;61(20):1999-2006.

Chan P, et al. Trilinolein preserves mitochondria ultrastructure in isolated rat heart subjected to global ischemia through antioxidant activity as measured by chemiluminescence. Pharmacology. 1996 Apr;52(4):216-25.

Chan, P. et al. 1998. "The effect of stevioside on blood pressure and plasma catecholamines in spontaneously hypertensive rats." Life Sci. 63(19):1679-84.

Chandhoke N., et al. Clinical evaluation of pueraria tuberosa for its contraceptive emmenagogue activity. Indian Pharmacol 12(1):60, 1981.

Chandra K Traditional remedies of Baharaich and Gonda districts of Uttar Pradesh, Sachitra Ayurveda 37(8):483-86, 1985.

Chandra RK. Five-year follow-up of high-risk infants with family history of allergy who were exclusively breast-fed or fed partial whey hydrolysate, soy, and conventional cow's milk formulas. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1997 Apr;24(4):380-8.

Chang CY, Hou YD, Xu FM. [Effects of Astragalus membranaceus on enhancement of mouse natural killer cell activity]. Chung Kuo I Hsueh Ko Hsueh Yuan Hsueh Pao. 1983 Aug;5(4):231-4. Chinese.

Chang DM, et al. The effects of traditional antirheumatic herbal medicines on immune response cells. Journal of Rheumatology. 1997;24:3, 436-441:46 ref.

Chang HM, But PH. Pharmacology and Applications of Chinese Materia Medica, vol 1. Singapore: World Science publications, 1986.

Chang HM, But PH. Pharmacology and Applications of Chinese Materia Medica, vol. 2, Singapore: World Science publications, 1987.

Chang M. Anticancer Medicinal Herbs. Changsha: Hunan science and technology publishing, 1992.

Chang WS, Lee YJ, Lu FJ, Chiang HC Inhibitory effects of flavonoids on xanthine oxidase. Anticancer Res. 1993 Nov-Dec;13(6A):2165-70.

Charles V, Charles SX. The use and efficacy of Azadirachta indica ADR (neem) and Curcuma longa (turmeric) in scabies. A pilot study. Trop Geogr Med. 1992 Jan;44(12):178-81

Chatterjee SS and Gabard B Studies on the mechanism of action of an extract of Ginkgo biloba; a drug for the treatment of ischemic vasuclar disease Arch Pharmacol 320; R52, 1982.

Chatterjee SS, Bhattacharya SK, Wonnemann M, Singer A, Muller WE. Hyperforin as a possible antidepressant component of hypericum extracts. Life Sci. 1998;63(6):499-510.

Chawla YK, et al. Treatment of dyspepsia with Amalaki (Emblica officinalis Linn.)--an Ayurvedic drug. Indian J Med Res. 1982 Dec;76 Suppl:95-8.

Chen CJ, Yu HS. Acupuncture treatment of urticaria. Arch Dermatol. 1998 Nov;134(11):1397-9.

Chen HP, He JS, Hu GS. [Analysis on the traditional Chinese medicine syndromes of the patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases. Changes in the thyroid and immune functions in 109 cases]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1990 Sep;10(9):538-9, 517. Chinese

Chen IS, Lin YC, Tsai IL, Teng CM, Ko FN, Ishikawa T, Ishii H. Coumarins and anti-platelet aggregation constituents from Zanthoxylum schinifolium. Phytochemistry. 1995 Jul;39(5):1091-7.

Chen JD, Ai H, Shi JD, Wu YZ, Chen ZM. The effect of a chocolate bar supplementation on moderate exercise recovery of recreational runners. Biomed Environ Sci. 1996 Sep;9(2-3):247-55. Institute of Sports Medicine, Beijing Medical University, China.

Chen JK Recognition and Prevention of Herb-Drug Interactions Chiropractic Products vcl 14, #5 May 1999 pp.94-97.

Chen LJ, Shen ML, Wang MY, Zhai SK, Liu MZ. [Effect of Astragalus polysaccharides on phagocytic function in mice]. Chung Kuo Yao Li Hsueh Pao. 1981 Sep;2(3):200-4. Chinese.

Chen M. Observation of curative effect of lipid lowering and fat restraining tablets on complicated obesity. J Tradit Chin Med. 1995 Dec;15(4):252-5.

Chen SG, et al. [Protective effects of Angelica sinensis injection on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rabbits]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1995 Aug;15(8):486-8. Dept. Pharmacology, Medical College of Shantou University, Guangdong.

Chen X, Salwinski S, Lee TJ. Extracts of Ginkgo biloba and ginsenosides exert cerebral vasorelaxation via a nitric oxide pathway. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 1997 Dec;24(12):958-9.

Chen X. Cardiovascular protection by ginsenosides and their nitric oxide releasing action. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 1996 Aug;23(8):728-32. Review.

Chen X, Yang SJ, Chen L, Ma XL, Chen YP, Wang LL, Sun CW [The effects of Panax quinquefolium saponin (PQS) and its monomer ginsenoside on heart]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih 1994 Oct;19(10):617-20, 640.

Chen YC, et al. [Research on the mechanism of blood-tonifying effect of danggui buxue decoction]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1994 Jan;19(1):43-5, 63.

Chen YC. [Experimental studies on the effects of danggui buxue decoction on IL-2 production of blood-deficient mice]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1994 Dec;19(12):739-41, 763. Fujian Provincial Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacology, Fuzhou.

Chen YJ, et al. Effect of Cordyceps sinensis on the proliferation and differentiation of human leukemic U937 cells. Life Sci. 1997;60(25):2349-59

Cheng QL, Chen XM, Shi SZ. [Effects of Epimedium sagittatum on immunopathology and extracellular matrices in rats with chronic renal insufficiency]. Chung Hua Nei Ko Tsa Chih. 1994 Feb;33(2):83-6. Chinese.

Chernomorsky S, Segelman A, Poretz RD. Effect of dietary chlorophyll derivatives on mutagenesis and tumor cell growth.Teratog Carcinog Mutagen. 1999;19(5):313-22. Liss, Inc.

Cheung F, Siow YL, Chen WZ, O K. Inhibitory effect of Ginkgo biloba extract on the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in endothelial cells. Biochem Pharmacol. 1999 Nov 15;58(10):1665-73.

Chew BP, Park JS, Wong MW, Wong TS. A comparison of the anticancer activities of dietary beta-carotene, canthaxanthin and astaxanthin in mice in vivo. Anticancer Res. 1999 May-Jun;19(3A):1849-53.

Chin HW, et al. The hepatoprotective effects of Taiwan folk medicine ham-hong-chho in rats. Am J Chin Med. 1996;24(3-4):231-40.

Chiu JH, et al. Cordyceps sinensis increases the expression of major histocompatibility complex class II antigens on human hepatoma cell line HA22T/VGH cells. Am J Chin Med. 1998;26(2):159-70.

Cho JY. Inhibitory effect of oriental herbal medicines on tumor necrosis factor-alpha production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Natural Product Sciences. 1999;5:1, 12-19:33 ref.

Choi HK, et al. Clinical efficacy of Korean red ginseng for erectile dysfunction. Int J Impot Res. 1995 Sep;7(3):181-6.

Choi YD, et al. In vitro and in vivo experimental effect of Korean red ginseng on erection. J Urol. 1999 Oct;162(4):1508-11.

Choi YH, Lee WH, Park KY, Zhang L. p53-independent induction of p21 (WAF1/CIP1), reduction of cyclin B1 and G2/M arrest by the isoflavone genistein in human prostate carcinoma cells. Jpn J Cancer Res. 2000 Feb;91(2):164-73.

Chopra RN et al. Chopra's Indigenous Drugs of India, 2nd ed. Calcutta: U.N. Dhur & Sons Private Ltd., 1958.

Chosa H, Toda M, Okubo S, et al. [Antimicrobial and microbicidal activities of tea and catechins against Mycoplasma]. Kansenshogaku Zasshi 66:606-611; 1992.

Chou TM, Benowitz NL. Caffeine and coffee: effects on health and cardiovascular disease. Comp Biochem Physiol C Pharmacol Toxicol Endocrinol. 1994 Oct;109(2):173-89. Review. Cardiology Division, Moffitt-Long Hospitals, University of California, San Francisco 94143-1220.

Choudhary D, Chandra D, Kale RK. Modulation of radioresponse of glyoxalase system by curcumin. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Jan;64(1):1-7.

Christen WG, Gaziano JM, Hennekens CH. Design of Physicians' Health Study II--a randomized trial of beta-carotene, vitamins E and C, and multivitamins, in prevention of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and eye disease, and review of results of completed trials. Ann Epidemiol. 2000 Feb;10(2):125-34. Review.

Christensen D, Brisk steps can reduce diabetes risk Science News vol 156, October 23, 1000 p. 260, 1999.

Chun KS, Sohn Y, Kim HS, Kim OH, Park KK, Lee JM, Moon A, Lee SS, Surh YJ. Anti-tumor promoting potential of naturally occurring diarylheptanoids structurally related to curcumin. Mutat Res. 1999 Jul 16;428(1-2):49-57.

Chung HS, Harris A, Kristinsson JK, Ciulla TA, Kagemann C, Ritch R. Ginkgo biloba extract increases ocular blood flow velocity. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 1999 Jun;15(3):233-40.

Cleary JP. Vitamin B-3 in the treatment of diabetes mellitus: Case reports and review of the literature. J Nutr Med 1:217-225, 1990.

Cleroux J, Feldman RD, Petrella RJ. Lifestyle modifications to prevent and control hypertension. 4. Recommendations on physical exercise training. Canadian Hypertension Society, Canadian Coalition for High Blood Pressure Prevention and Control, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control at Health Canada, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. CMAJ. 1999 May 4;160(9 Suppl):S21-8.

Clostre F. [Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761). State of knowledge in the dawn of the year 2000]. Ann Pharm Fr. 1999 Jul;57 Suppl 1:1S8-88. Review. French.

Cohen AJ, Bartlik B. Ginkgo biloba for antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction. J Sex Marital Ther. 1998 Apr-Jun;24(2):139-43.

Cohen, G. & Greenwald, R.A., eds. 1983. Oxy Radicals and Their Scavenger Systems: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Superoxide and Superoxide Dismutase. New York: Elsevier.

Colin Slaughter J. The naturally occurring furanones: formation and function from pheromone to food. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 1999 Aug;74(3):259-76. Review. Department of Biological Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK. J.C.Slaughter@hw.ac.uk.

Colombo G, et al. Salvia miltiorrhiza extract inhibits alcohol absorption, preference, and discrimination in sP rats. Alcohol. 1999 May;18(1):65-70 CNR Center for Neuropharmacology, Cagliari, Italy. colomb@unica.it

Comhaire FH, Dhooge W, Mahmoud A, Depuydt C. [A strategy for the prevention of male infertility]. Verh K Acad Geneeskd Belg. 1999;61(3):441-52; discussion 453-5. Review. Dutch.

Concha JM, Moore LS, Holloway WJ. 1998 William J. Stickel Bronze Award. Antifungal activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea-tree) oil against various pathogenic organisms. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1998 Oct;88(10):489-92. Department of Podiatric Medicine and Surgery, Christiana Care Health System, Wilmington Hospital, DE, USA.

Connor J, Connor T, Marshall PB, Reid A, Turnbull MJ. The pharmacology of Avena sativa. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1975 Feb;27(2):92-8.

Connor WE, Weleber RG, DeFrancesco C, Lin DS, Wolf DP. Sperm abnormalities in retinitis pigmentosa. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1997 Nov;38(12):2619-28.

Connor WE. Harbingers of coronary heart disease: dietary saturated fatty acids and cholesterol. Is chocolate benign because of its stearic acid content? Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Dec;70(6):951-2.

Costello RT, Gastaut JA, Olive D [Mechanisms of tumor escape from immunologic response]. Rev Med Interne 1999 Jul;20(7):579-88 [Article in French] Unite d'immunologie des tumeurs, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Marseille, France.

Cotran R, Kumar V, and Collins T. Robbins Pathologic Basis of Disease, 6th edition. Philadelphia, W.B. Sauders Co, 1999.

Cowen R. Medicine on the Wild Side, Science News, 138, 280-282, 1990.

Craig WJ. Health-promoting properties of common herbs. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Sep;70(3 Suppl):491S-499S.

Cravo ML, Pinto AG, Chaves P, Cruz JA, Lage P, Nobre Leitao C, Costa Mira F. Effect of folate supplementation on DNA methylation of rectal mucosa in patients with colonic adenomas: correlation with nutrient intake. Clin Nutr. 1998 Apr;17(2):45-9.

Creppy EE, Baudrimont I, Anne-Marie. How aspartame prevents the toxicity of ochratoxin A. J Toxicol Sci. 1998 Jul;23 Suppl 2:165-72.

Crook, W. 1992. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and the Yeast Connection : A Get-Well Guide for People With This Often Misunderstood Illness--And Those Who Care for Them Professional Books, 1992. ISBN: 0933478208

Crosby DG, et al. The structure of carotatoxin, a natural toxicant from carrot. Tetrahedron. 1967 Jan;23(1):465-72.

Crouse JR 3rd. New developments in the use of niacin for treatment of hyperlipidemia: new considerations in the use of an old drug. Coron Artery Dis. 1996 Apr;7(4):321-6. Review.

Cui H, Li P. Therapeutic effects of the combined Chinese and Western medicine on metastatic carcinoma in the supraclavicular lymph nodes--an analysis of 285 cases. J Tradit Chin Med. 1995 Jun;15(2):87-9.

Cui J, Chen KJ. [American ginseng compound liquor on retarding-aging process]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1991 Aug;11(8):457-60, 451. Chinese.

Cunningham-Rundles S, Ahrne S, Bengmark S, Johann-Liang R, Marshall F, Metakis L, Califano C, Dunn AM, Grassey C, Hinds G, Cervia J. Probiotics and immune response. Am J Gastroenterol. 2000 Jan;95(1 Suppl):S22-5.

Cupp MJ. Herbal remedies: adverse effects and drug interactions. Am Fam Physician. 1999 Mar 1;59(5):1239-45.

Curi R, Alvarez M, Bazotte RB, Botion LM, Godoy JL, Bracht A. Effect of Stevia rebaudiana on glucose tolerance in normal adult humans. Braz J Med Biol Res. 1986;19(6):771-4.

Cyong J, Matsumoto T, Arakawa K, Kiyohara H, Yamada H, Otsuka Y. Anti-Bacteroides fragilis substance from rhubarb. J Ethnopharmacol. 1987 May;19(3):279-83.

Czekalla J, Gastpar M, Hubner WD, Jager D. The effect of hypericum extract on cardiac conduction as seen in the electrocardiogram compared to that of imipramine. Pharmacopsychiatry. 1997 Sep;30 Suppl 2:86-8.

Dai L, et al. [Using ligustrazini and angelica sinensis treat the bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats]. Chung Hua Chieh Ho Ho Hu Hsi Tsa Chih. 1996 Feb;19(1):26-8. Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing.

Dalvi SS, et al. Effect of gugulipid on bioavailability of diltiazem and propranolol. J Assoc Physicians India. 1994 Jun;42(6):454-5.

Dalvi SS, Nadkarni PM, Gupta KC. Effect of Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari) on gastric emptying time in normal healthy volunteers. J Postgrad Med. 1990 Apr;36(2):91-4. Department of Pharmacology, Seth G. S. Medical College, Bombay, Maharashtra.

Daly PA, Krieger DR, Dulloo AG, Young JB, Landsberg L. Ephedrine, caffeine and aspirin: safety and efficacy for treatment of human obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1993 Feb;17 Suppl 1:S73-8. Dept of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston.

Dange PS, Kanitkar UK, Pendse GS. Amylase and lipase activities in the root of Asparagus racemosus. Planta Med. 1969 Oct;17(4):393-5.

D'Angelo L, et al. A double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study on the effect of a standardized ginseng extract on psychomotor performance in healthy volunteers. J Ethnopharmacol. 1986 Apr-May;16(1):15-22.

Das S, Das AK, Murphy RA, Punwani IC, Nasution MP, Kinghorn AD. Evaluation of the cariogenic potential of the intense natural sweeteners stevioside and rebaudioside A. Caries Res. 1992;26(5):363-6.

Das SK, Das V, Gulati AK, Singh VP. Deglycyrrhizinated liquorice in aphthous ulcers. J Assoc Physicians India. 1989 Oct;37(10):647.

Davidson AJ, Stephan FK. Feeding-entrained circadian rhythms in hypophysectomized rats with suprachiasmatic nucleus lesions. Am J Physiol. 1999 Nov;277(5 Pt 2):R1376-84.

Davis L, Kuttan G. Effect of Withania somnifera on cytokine production in normal and cyclophosphamide treated mice. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 1999 Nov;21(4):695-703.

De Flora S, Cesarone CF, Balansky RM, Albini A, D'Agostini F, Bennicelli C, Bagnasco M, Camoirano A, Scatolini L, Rovida A, et al. Chemopreventive properties and mechanisms of N-Acetylcysteine. The experimental background. J Cell Biochem Suppl. 1995;22:33-41. Review.

De Leo V, et al. [Treatment of neurovegetative menopausal symptoms with a phytotherapeutic agent]. Minerva Ginecol. 1998 May;50(5):207-11. Italian.

De Lorenzo F, Xiao H, Mukherjee M, Harcup J, Suleiman S, Kadziola Z, Kakkar VV Chronic fatigue syndrome: physical and cardiovascular deconditioning. QJM 1998 Jul;91(7):475-81 Thrombosis Research Institute, London, UK.

de Pee S, West CE, Permaesih D, Martuti S, Muhilal, Hautvast JG. Orange fruit is more effective than are dark-green, leafy vegetables in increasing serum concentrations of retinol and beta-carotene in schoolchildren in Indonesia. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Nov;68(5):1058-67.

de Roos NM, Katan MB. Effects of probiotic bacteria on diarrhea, lipid metabolism, and carcinogenesis: a review of papers published between 1988 and 1998. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Feb;71(2):405-11. Review

de Sa Ferreira IC, et al. Mutagenicity of medicinal plant extracts in Salmonella/microsome assay. Phytother Res. 1999 Aug;13(5):397-400.

De Weerdt CJ at al., Herbal medicines in migraine prevention. Phytomed 1996;3:225-230.

DeFeudis, F.V. 1991. Ginkgo biloba Extract (Egb 761): Pharmacological Activities and Clinical Applications. Paris: Elsevier.

Deka N, Sharma MD, Mukerjee R Isolation of the novel agent from human stool samples that is associated with sporadic non-A, non-B hepatitis. J Virol 1994 Dec;68(12):7810-5.

Deltito J, et al. The scientific, quasi-scientific and popular literature on the use of St. John's Wort in the treatment of depression. J Affect Disord. 1998 Dec;51(3):345-51. Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. jdeltito@compuserve.com.

Den YP (ed.) et al. TCM Ophthalmology. Beijing: People's Health publishing, 1995.

Denisenko, P, Leningrad Medical Institute, reported in The Statesman, Calcutta, April 6, 1987.

DeSalva SJ, Kong BM, Lin YJ. Triclosan: a safety profile. Am J Dent. 1989 Sep;2 Spec No:185-96.

Deshpande PJ, Sahu M, Kumar P. Crataeva nurvala Hook and Forst (Varuna)--the Ayurvedic drug of choice in urinary disorders. Indian J Med Res. 1982 Dec;76 Suppl:46-53.

Deshpande UR, Gadre SG, Raste AS, Pillai D, Bhide SV, Samuel AM. Protective effect of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) extract on carbon tetrachloride-induced liver damage in rats. Indian J Exp Biol. 1998 Jun;36(6):573-7.

DeSmet PAG, et al. (eds) Adverse Effects of Herbal Drugs 2 New York, Springer Verlag, 1993)

Detlef Schuppan1, Ji-Dong Jia1,2, Benno Brinkhaus1, and Eckhart G. Hahn1 Herbal Products for Liver Diseases: A Therapeutic Challenge for the New Millennium Hepatology, October 1999, p. 1099-1104, Vol. 30, No. 4

Deutch B. Menstrual pain in Danish women correlated with low n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1995 Jul;49(7):508-16..

Developing applications for lactococcal bacteriocins. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 1999 Jul-Nov;76(1-4):337-46. Review.

Devi PU, Bisht KS, Vinitha M. A comparative study of radioprotection by Ocimum flavonoids and synthetic aminothiol protectors in the mouse. Br J Radiol. 1998 Jul;71(847):782-4.

Devi, PU; Ganasoundari A 1999 Modulation of glutathione and antioxidant enzyme by Ocimum sanctum and its role in protection against radiation damage. Indian J exp Biol 37 (3) 262-268.

DeWitt RC, Kudsk KA. The gut's role in metabolism, mucosal barrier function, and gut immunology. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 1999 Jun;13(2):465-81, x. Review.

DeWitt RC, Kudsk KA. The gut's role in metabolism, mucosal barrier function, and gut immunology. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 1999 Jun;13(2):465-81, x. Review.

Dhar R, Zhang K, Talwar GP, Garg S, Kumar N. Inhibition of the growth and development of asexual and sexual stages of drug-sensitive and resistant strains of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum by Neem (Azadirachta indica) fractions. J Ethnopharmacol. 1998 May;61(1):31-9.

Dhar, M.L. et al. 1968. "Screening of Indian plants for bilogical activity: I." Indian J Exp Biol. Oct;6(4):232-47.

Dharmananda S. The treatment of gastro-intestinal cancers with Chinese medicine. START group document, Portland: Institute of Traditional Medicine, 1997.

Dharmananda, S Traumatic Injury. Portland, ITM special publication, 1992.

Dharmananda, S A Bag of Pearls, Institute for Traditional Medicine and Preventive Health Care, Portland,1998.

Dharmananda, S. Chinese Herbal Therapies for Immune Disorders, Portland, Institute of Traditional Medicine, 1988.

Dharmananda, S. Chinese Herbal Therapies for the Treatment of Immunodeficiency Syndromes, Oriental Helaing Arts Bulletin Vol 12, #1, pp.24-38, January 1987.

Dharmananda, S. Chinese herbs for reducing platelet sticking, Portland, ITM special publication, 1994.

Dharmananda, S. Countering the side effects of modern medical therapties with Chinese herbs. Portland; ITM Start Group Publication, 1998.

Dharmananda, S. Millettia (Jixueteng) START group document, Portland: Institute of Traditional Medicine, 1999.

Dharmananda, S.Treatment of ITP with Chinese Medicine. Portland; ITM Start Group Publication, 2000.

Dhuley JN. Effect of ashwagandha on lipid peroxidation in stress-induced animals. J Ethnopharmacol. 1998 Mar;60(2):173-8

Dhuley JN. Effect of some Indian herbs on macrophage functions in ochratoxin A treated mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 1997 Sep;58(1):15-20. Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Research Centre, Hindustan Antibiotics Limited, Pimpri, India.

Divi RL, et al. Anti-thyroid isoflavones from soybean: isolation, characterization, and mechanisms of action. Biochem Pharmacol. 1997 Nov 15;54(10):1087-96.

Dixit, S.P. & Achar, M.P. 1979. "Bhringaraj in the treatment of infective hepatitis." Curr Med Pract. 23(6):237-242.**

Dombradi GA. Tumour-growth inhibiting substances of plant origin. II. The experimental animal tumour-pharmacology of arctigenin-mustard. Chemotherapy. 1970;15(4):250-65

Dong XP, Xiao CH, Zhang R, Li W. [Chemical studies of Epimedium acuminatum Franch]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1994 Oct;19(10):614-5, 639.

Donsbach,K "A Report on Blood Tests", (Pamphlet), Huntington Beach: International Institute of Natural Health Sciences, 1985.

Dorsch W, Stuppner H, Wagner H, Gropp M, Demoulin S, Ring J. Antiasthmatic effects of Picrorhiza kurroa: androsin prevents allergen- and PAF-induced bronchial obstruction in guinea pigs. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol. 1991;95(2-3):128-33.

Dosai, H G et al: Dental Placque and H. Pylori, Scand J Gastroenterol 26, 1205--8, 1991

Dossey, L. Healing Words : The Power of Prayer and the Practice of Medicine San Francisco; Harper and Rowe, 1995.

Dowling EA, et al. Effect of Eleutherococcus senticosus on submaximal and maximal exercise performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1996 Apr;28(4):482-9.

Driot JY, Bonne C. Beneficial effects of a retinoic acid analog, CBS-211 A, on an experimental model of keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1992 Jan;33(1):190-5.

Droge W, Breitkreutz R. N-acetyl-cysteine in the therapy of HIV-positive patients. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 1999 Nov;2(6):493-8. Review.

Droge W. Cysteine and glutathione in catabolic conditions and immunological dysfunction. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 1999 May;2(3):227-33. Review.

Droy-Lefaix MT, Drouet Y, Geraud G, Hosford D, Braquet P. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the PAF-antagonist (BN 52021) reduce small intestinal damage induced by ischemia-reperfusion. Free Radic Res Commun. 1991;12-13 Pt 2:725-35.

Druschky A, Heckmann JG, Claus D, Katalinic A, Druschky KF, Neundorfer B.

Du G, Willet K, Mouithys-Mickalad A, Sluse-Goffart CM, Droy-Lefaix MT, Sluse FE. EGb 761 protects liver mitochondria against injury induced by in vitro anoxia/reoxygenation. Free Radic Biol Med. 1999 Sep;27(5-6):596-604.

Dube, C.B., Kumar, D., Srivastav, P.S. 1982. "A trial of bhringaraj ghanasatvavati on patients with hepatocellular jaundice." J Natl Integ Med Assoc. 24(9):265-9.**

Dubois B, et al. Regulation of gelatinase B (MMP-9) in leukocytes by plant lectins. FEBS Lett. 1998 May 8;427(2):275-8. Rega Institute for Medical Research, Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, University of Leuven, Belgium.

Dubreuil C. [Therapeutic trial in acute cochlear deafness. A comparative study of Ginkgo biloba extract and nicergoline]. Presse Med. 1986 Sep 25;15(31):1559-61. French.

Dubreuil C. [Therapeutic trial in acute cochlear deafness. A comparative study of Ginkgo biloba extract and nicergoline]. Presse Med. 1986 Sep 25;15(31):1559-61. French.

Duda RB, Zhong Y, Navas V, Li MZ, Toy BR, Alavarez JG. American ginseng and breast cancer therapeutic agents synergistically inhibit MCF-7 breast cancer cell growth. J Surg Oncol. 1999 Dec;72(4):230-9.

Duke, J The Green Pharmacy, Emmaus: Rodale press, 1997.

Dulloo AG, Duret C, Rohrer D. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am J Clin Nutr 1999;70:1040-5.

Dutkiewicz S. Usefulness of Cernilton in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Int Urol Nephrol. 1996;28(1):49-53.

Dwivedi C, Abu-Ghazaleh A. Chemopreventive effects of sandalwood oil on skin papillomas in mice. Eur J Cancer Prev. 1997 Aug;6(4):399-401. College of Pharmacy, South Dakota State University, Brookings 57007-0099, USA.

 

Dwivedi S, Jauhari R Beneficial effects of Terminalia arjuna in coronary artery disease. International J of Pharmacognosy 1997 35 (2) 126-129. Department of Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi.

Dwyer T, Ponsonby AL, Couper D. Tobacco smoke exposure at one month of age and subsequent risk of SIDS--a prospective study. Am J Epidemiol. 1999 Apr 1;149(7):593-602.

Dygai AM, Suslov NI, Skurikhin EG, Churin AA, Provalova NV. [The modulating effects of preparations of Baikal skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis) on erythron reactions under conditions of neurotic exposures]. Eksp Klin Farmakol. 1998 Jan-Feb;61(1):37-9. Russian.

Dykman KD, Dykman RA. Effect of nutritional supplements on attentional-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Integr Physiol Behav Sci. 1998 Jan-Mar;33(1):49-60.

Eagling VA, Profit L, Back DJ. Inhibition of the CYP3A4-mediated metabolism and P-glycoprotein-mediated transport of the HIV-1 protease inhibitor saquinavir by grapefruit juice components. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1999 Oct;48(4):543-52.

Eccles R, et al. The effects of menthol on reaction time and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from the common cold. Clin Otolaryngol. 1990 Feb;15(1):39-42. Department of Physiology, University of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Eckert K, Grabowska E, Stange R, Schneider U, Eschmann K, Maurer HR. Effects of oral bromelain administration on the impaired immunocytotoxicity of mononuclear cells from mammary tumor patients. Oncol Rep. 1999 Nov-Dec;6(6):1191-9.

Edwards MH. Do variations in normal nutrition play a role in the development of myopia? Optom Vis Sci. 1996 Oct;73(10):638-43.

Edwards NJ, Monteiro MA, Faller G, Walsh EJ, Moran AP, Roberts IS, High NJ. Lewis X structures in the O antigen side-chain promote adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to the gastric epithelium. Mol Microbiol. 2000 Mar;35(6):1530-1539.

Ehlers I, Niggemann B, Binder C, Zuberbier T. Role of nonallergic hypersensitivity reactions in children with chronic urticaria. Allergy. 1998 Nov;53(11):1074-7.

Eisenburg J. [Treatment of chronic hepatitis B. Part 2: Effect of glycyrrhizic acid on the course of illness]. Fortschr Med. 1992 Jul 30;110(21):395-8. German.

Elcock M, Morgan RW. Update on artificial sweeteners and bladder cancer. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 1993 Feb;17(1):35-43.

Elden LM, Coyte PC 1998. Socioeconomic impact of otitis media in North America. J Otolaryngol ;27 Suppl 2:9-16 McMaster University Faculty of Medicine, Hamilton, Ontario.

Elingwood, F., M.D. 1998. American Materia Medica: Therapeutics and Pharmacognosy. Sandy: Eclectic Medical Publications.

Elizabeth Gould, Alison J. Reeves, Michael S. A. Graziano, and Charles G. Gross Neurogenesis in the Neocortex of Adult Primates Science Oct 15 1999: 548-552.

Ellingsrud S, Johnsson A. Perturbations of plant leaflet rhythms caused by electromagnetic radio-frequency radiation. Bioelectromagnetics. 1993;14(3):257-71.

Ellingwood, F, and Lloyd, JU. American Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacognosy, 1919, reprinted by Eclectic Medical Publications, Sandy, Oregon, 1994.

Ellis J, et al. 1979. Clinical results of a cross-over treatment with pyridoxine and placebo of the carpal tunnel syndrome. Am J Clin Nutr. 1979 Oct;32(10):2040-6.

Ellis WR, Bell GD 1981: Treatment of biliary duct stones with a terpene preparation. Br Med J, 282:611.

Emerich M Velver antler for stamina, immunity and athletic performance. HSR Health Suplement retailer vol. 5, #11 November 1999, pp 40-43

Engelmann W, Antkowiak B. Ultradian rhythms in Desmodium. Chronobiol Int. 1998 Jul;15(4):293-307. Review.

Ennahar S, Sashihara T, Sonomoto K, Ishizaki A. Class IIa bacteriocins: biosynthesis, structure and activity. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2000 Jan;24(1):85-106. Review.

Ensminger, Ensminger, Lonlande & Robson Eds., The Concise Encyclopedia of Foods and Nutrition, Boca Raton, CRC Press, 1995.

Ernst E, et al. Adverse effects profile of the herbal antidepressant St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.). Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1998 Oct;54(8):589-94. Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, Devon, UK. E.Ernst@exeter.ac.uk.

Evan AP, McAteer JA, Gardner KD Jr. Hyperplasia and fluid accumulation in epithelial cyst formation and growth. Scanning Microsc. 1993 Jun;7(2):653-70. Review.

Evans W, Rosenberg I. Biomarkers: The 10 Determinants Of Aging You Can Control. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.

Fackelmann, K Medicine for Menopause, Science News, June 20, 1998, vol 153, #25, pp. 392-3.

Fang JY. [Effect of fu-zheng qu-xie on gastric disease infected with Campylobacter pyloridis]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1991 Mar;11(3):150-2, 133. Chinese.

Farnsworth, N (Editor), Wagner H, Hikino H, Economic and Medicinal Plant Research 3 Vols. Academic Press: Orlando, 1989, 1990. 1994.

Felter, H.W. and Lloyd, J.U. 1898. King's American Dispensatory. Cincinnati: The Ohio Valley Co.

Felter, HW, The Eclectic Materia Medica, Pharmacology andTherapeutics, 1922, reprinted by Eclectic Medical Publications, Sandy, Oregon, 1994.

Feng PF, et al. [Clinical and experimental study of improving left ventricular diastolic function by total saponins of panax notoginseng]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1997 Dec;17(12):714-7.

Ferenci P, et al. Randomized controlled trial of silymarin treatment in patients with cirrhosis of the liver. J Hepatol. 1989 Jul;9(1):105-13.

Fergusson DM, Horwood LJ. Early solid food diet and eczema in childhood: a 10-year longitudinal study. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 1994;5(6 Suppl):44-7.

Fernandez MA, Saenz MT, Garcia MD. Anti-inflammatory activity in rats and mice of phenolic acids isolated from Scrophularia frutescens. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 1998;50:10, 1183-1186: 15 ref.

Fernandez-Castaner M, Molina A, Lopez-Jimenez L, Gomez JM, Soler J. Clinical presentation and early course of type 1 diabetes in patients with and without thyroid autoimmunity. Diabetes Care. 1999 Mar;22(3):377-81.

Ferrini RL, Barrett-Connor E 1996 Caffeine intake and endogenous sex steroid levels in postmenopausal women. The Rancho Bernardo Study. Am J Epidemiol Oct 1;144(7):642-4.

Ferrini RL, Barrett-Connor E. Caffeine intake and endogenous sex steroid levels in postmenopausal women. The Rancho Bernardo Study. Am J Epidemiol. 1996 Oct 1;144(7):642-4.

Fiebich BL, et al. Antibacterial activity of hyperforin from St John's wort. Lancet. 1999 Aug 28;354(9180):777.

Fields, JZ, Eftekhari, E, Hagen, JF, Wichlinski, LJ, Schneider, RH. Anti-Aging and Oxygen Free Radical (OFR) Scavenging Effects of an Anti-Carcinogenic Natural Product, Maharishi Amrit Kalash (MAK). Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 1991 5(5), March, Abstract 7926.

Filiberti R, et al. Cancer, cardiovascular mortality, and diet in Italy and the Czech Republic. Neoplasma. 1995;42(5):275-83.

Fintelman V. Toxic-metabolic hepatic dysfunction and its management Zeitschrift fur Phytotherapie 1986;7(3):65-73

Flammia D, Dukat M, Damaj MI, Martin B, Glennon RA. Lobeline: structure-affinity investigation of nicotinic acetylcholinergic receptor binding. J Med Chem. 1999 Sep 9;42(18):3726-31.

Flaws B 1999, The Chinese Medical Treatment of Lupus, Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients, August/September #193/194, pp 40-43.

Fleming T et al. (eds). PDR for Herbal Medicine, 2nd ed. Montvale: Medical Economics Company, 2000.

Flora K, et al. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) for the therapy of liver disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 1998 Feb;93(2):139-43.

Forsdyke H, Watts J. Skin care in atopic eczema. Prof Nurse. 1994 Oct;10(1):36-40.

Fourrier E. [Allergy to cow's milk]. Allerg Immunol (Paris). 1997 Jul;29 Spec No:25-7. Review. French.

Fox CC, Wolf EJ, Kagey-Sobotka A, Lichtenstein LM. Comparison of human lung and intestinal mast cells. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1988 Jan;81(1):89-94.

Francis SM, et al. Detection of growth factors and proto-oncogene mRNA in the growing tip of red deer (Cervus elaphus) antler using reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). J Exp Zool. 1998 May 1;281(1):36-42

Francis SM, Suttie JM Detection of growth factors and proto-oncogene mRNA in the growing tip of red deer (Cervus elaphus) antler using reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). J Exp Zool 1998 May 1;281(1):36-42.

Francischetti IM, Monteiro RQ, Guimaraes JA, Francischetti B Identification of glycyrrhizin as a thrombin inhibitor Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Jun 9;235(1):259-63.

Frawley, D. 1989. Ayurvedic Healing. Salt Lake City: Morson Publishing.

Frawley, D. and Lad, V. 1986. The Yoga of Herbs. Santa Fe: Lotus Press.

Freedland CS, Mansbach RS. Behavioral profile of constituents in ayahuasca, an Amazonian psychoactive plant mixture. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1999 May 3;54(3):183-94..

Freedman SD, Katz MH, Parker EM, Laposata M, Urman MY, Alvarez JG. A membrane lipid imbalance plays a role in the phenotypic expression of cystic fibrosis in cftr(-/-) mice.

Freudenheim JL, Marshall JR, Vena JE, Moysich KB, Muti P, Laughlin R, Nemoto T, Graham S. Lactation history and breast cancer risk. Am J Epidemiol. 1997 Dec 1;146(11):932-8.

Froehle RM. Ear infection: a retrospective study examining improvement from chiropractic care and analyzing for influencing factors. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1996 Mar-Apr;19(3):169-77.

Frotan MH, Acharya SB, Pharmacological Studies of Silajit. Indian J Pharmacol, 16(1):45, 1984.

Fuhrman B, Buch S, Vaya J, Belinky PA, Coleman R, Hayek T, Aviram M. Licorice extract and its major polyphenol glabridin protect low-density lipoprotein against lipid peroxidation: in vitro and ex vivo studies in humans and in atherosclerotic apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Aug;66(2):267-75.

Fujiki H, Yoshizawa S, Horiuchi T, et al. Anticarcinogenic effects of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate. Prev Med 21:503-509; 1992.

Fujiki H. Two stages of cancer prevention with green tea. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 1999 Nov;125(11):589-97.

Fujiki, H. et al. 1992. "Anticarcinogenic effects of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate." Prev Med. Jul;21(4):503-9.

Fukaya H, Kanno H. [Experimental studies of the protective effect of ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) on cisplatin-induced toxicity in rats]. Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho. 1999 Jul;102(7):907-17. Japanese.

Fukuchi K, Sakagami H, Okuda T, Hatano T, Tanuma S, Kitajima K, Inoue Y, Inoue S, Ichikawa S, Nonoyama M, et al 1989 Inhibition of herpes simplex virus infection by tannins and related compounds, Antiviral Res Jun-Jul;11(5-6):285-97 First Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Showa University, Tokyo, Japan.

Fukunaga T, et al. Hypoglycemic effect of the rhizomes of Smilax glabra in normal and diabetic mice. Biol Pharm Bull. 1997 Jan;20(1):44-6. Mayado Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tamatsu-cho, Nishi-ku, Kobe, Japan.

Fulda S, et al., Betulinic acid triggers CD95 (APO-1/Fas)- and p53-independent apoptosis via activation of caspases in neuroectodermal tumors. Cancer Res 1997 Nov 1;57(21):4956-4964.

Fulder SJ, Munro RE. Complementary medicine in the United Kingdom: patients, practitioners, and consultations. Lancet. 1985 Sep 7;2(8454):542-5.

Fuller RB. Synergetics. New York, Macmillan Publishing Co., 1975.

Furbee B, et all Life-threatening plant poisoning.Crit Care Clin. 1997 Oct;13(4):849-88.

Fusco BM, Giacovazzo M. Peppers and pain. The promise of capsaicin. Drugs. 1997 Jun;53(6):909-14. Review.

Gabrynowicz JW. Letter: Treatment of nicotine addiction with Avena sativa. Med J Aust. 1974 Aug 24;2(8):306-7.

Gaedeke J, Fels LM, Bokemeyer C, Mengs U, Stolte H, Lentzen H. Cisplatin nephrotoxicity and protection by silibinin. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1996 Jan;11(1):55-62

Gaines AR. Acute onset hemoglobinemia and/or hemoglobinuria and sequelae following Rh(o)(D) immune globulin intravenous administration in immune thrombocytopenic purpura patients. Blood. 2000 Apr 15;95(8):2523-2529.

Galelli A, et al. Urtica dioica agglutinin. A superantigenic lectin from stinging nettle rhizome. J Immunol. 1993 Aug 15;151(4):1821-31. CNRS URA-359, Institut Pasteur, Department of Immunology, Paris, France.

Galperin C, Gershwin ME. Immunopathogenesis of gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary diseases. JAMA 1997 Dec 10;278(22):1946-55. Review.

Gann PH, Ma J, Giovannucci E, Willett W, Sacks FM, Hennekens CH, Stampfer MJ. Lower prostate cancer risk in men with elevated plasma lycopene levels: results of a prospective analysis. Cancer Res. 1999 Mar 15;59(6):1225-30.

Gao BY, et al. [Effect of panaxatriol saponins isolated from Panax notoginseng (PTS) on myocardial ischemic arrhythmia in mice and rats]. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao. 1992;27(9):641-4. Deparment of Pharmacology, Beijing Medical University.

Gao H, et al. Immunostimulating polysaccharides from Panax notoginseng. Pharm Res. 1996 Aug;13(8):1196-200. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, LA 90033, USA.

Gao QP, et al. Characterization and cytokine-stimulating activities of acidic heteroglycans from Tremella fuciformis. Planta Medica. 1997;63:5, 457-460:23 ref.

Gao YM, et al. Ultrastructural observation of intratumoral neutrophils and macrophages induced by garlic oil. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1993;Sep;13(9):546-8, 518.

Gao Z, Huang K, Yang X, Xu H. Free radical scavenging and antioxidant activities of flavonoids extracted from the radix of scutellaria baicalensis georgi. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Nov 16;1472(3):643-50.

Garcia Callejo FJ, Velert Vila MM, Orts Alborch MH, Pardo Mateu L, Monzo Gandia R, Marco Algarra J. [Blood viscosity disorders as an etiopathological factor in sudden deafness]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 1997 Oct;48(7):517-22. Spanish.

Garcia RL, Sadighi M, Francis SM, Suttie JM, Fleming JS Expression of neurotrophin-3 in the growing velvet antler of the red deer Cervus elaphus. J Mol Endocrinol 1997 Oct;19(2):173-82.

Garewal HS, Katz RV, Meyskens F, Pitcock J, Morse D, Friedman S, Peng Y, Pendrys DG, Mayne S, Alberts D, Kiersch T, Graver E. Beta-carotene produces sustained remissions in patients with oral leukoplakia: results of a multicenter prospective trial. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999 Dec;125(12):1305-10.

Garg S, Talwar GP, Upadhyay SN. Comparison of extraction procedures on the immunocontraceptive activity of neem seed extracts. J Ethnopharmacol. 1994 Oct;44(2):87-

Garg S, Talwar GP, Upadhyay SN. Immunocontraceptive activity guided fractionation and characterization of active constituents of neem (Azadirachta indica) seed extracts. J Ethnopharmacol. 1998 Apr;60(3):235-46.

Gariboldi E, Mascetti D, Galli G, Caballion P, Bosisio E LC-UV-electrospray-MS-MS mass spectrometry analysis of plant constituents inhibiting xanthine oxidase. Pharm Res. 1998 Jun;15(6):936-43

Gay J, Porrata C, Hernandez M, Clua AM, Arguelles JM, Cabrera A, Silva LC. Dietary factors in epidemic neuropathy on the Isle of Youth, Cuba. Bull Pan Am Health Organ. 1995 Mar;29(1):25-36.

Gentry EJ, et al 1998 Antitubercular natural products: berberine from the roots of commercial Hydrastis canadensis powder. Isolation of inactive 8-oxotetrahydrothalifendine, canadine, beta-hydrastine, and two new quinic acid esters, hycandinic acid esters-1 and -2. J Nat Prod Oct;61(10):1187-93.

Germano, C. and Ramazanov, Z. 1999. Artic Root (Rhodiola Rosea): The Powerful New Ginseng Alternative. New York: Kensington.

Gerster H. Anticarcinogenic effect of common carotenoids. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1993;63(2):93-121. Review.

Gessler MC, Nkunya MH, Mwasumbi LB, Heinrich M, Tanner M. Screening Tanzanian medicinal plants for antimalarial activity. Acta Trop. 1994 Feb;56(1):65-77.

Ghezzi A, Martinelli V, Torri V, Zaffaroni M, Rodegher M, Comi G, Zibetti A, Canal N. Long-term follow-up of isolated optic neuritis: the risk of developing multiple sclerosis, its outcome, and the prognostic role of paraclinical tests. J Neurol. 1999 Sep;246(9):770-5.

Ghosal S et al: Anti-ulcerogenic Activity of fulvic Acids and 4-methoxy-6-carbomethoxybiphenyI isolated from shilajjt Phytotherapy Research, Vol 2, 188, 1988.

Ghosal, S et al: Mast cell protecting effects of shilajatu and its constituents, Phytotherapy Research, Vol 3, 250, 1989.

Ghosh J, Myers CE 1997 Inhibition of arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase triggers massive apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells Biochem Mol Biol Int 1997 Jul;42(3):535-44.

Gilbard JP, Huang AJ, Belldegrun R, Lee JS, Rossi SR, Gray KL. Open-label crossover study of vitamin A ointment as a treatment for keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Ophthalmology. 1989 Feb;96(2):244-6.

Gilbert RM. Caffeine consumption. Prog Clin Biol Res. 1984;158:185-213.

Gil'miiarov EM, et al. [Biologically active additive from milk thistle in the solution of public health problems]. Vopr Pitan. 1998;(3):33-5. Russian.

Glinski JA, David E, Warren TC, Hansen G, Leonard SF, Pitner P, Pav S, Arvigo R, Balick MJ, Panta E, et al. Inactivation of cell surface receptors by pheophorbide a, a green pigment isolated from Psychotria acuminata. Photochem Photobiol. 1995 Jul;62(1):144-50

Gnabre JN, Halonen MJ, Martin DG, Pinnas JL Antiallergic activity of tylogenin, a novel steroidal compound from Tylophora sylvatica. Int J Immunopharmacol 1994 Aug;16(8):641-50 Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218.

Goel RK, Maiti RN, Manickam M, Ray AB. Antiulcer activity of naturally occurring pyrano-coumarin and isocoumarins and their effect on prostanoid synthesis using human colonic mucosa. Indian J Exp Biol. 1997 Oct;35(10):1080-3.

Goel V, Cheema SK, Agellon LB, Ooraikul B, Basu TK. Dietary rhubarb (Rheum rhaponticum) stalk fibre stimulates cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase gene expression and bile acid excretion in cholesterol-fed C57BL/6J mice. Br J Nutr. 1999 Jan;81(1):65-71.

Gokhale LB. Curative treatment of primary (spasmodic) dysmenorrhoea. Indian J Med Res. 1996 Apr;103:227-31.

Gong YH, et al. [Hypoglycemic effect of sanchinoside C1 in alloxan-diabetic mice]. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao. 1991;26(2):81-5. Department of Pharmacology, Kunming Medical College.

Goto H, Shimada Y, Tanaka N, Tanigawa K, Itoh T, Terasawa K. Effect of extract prepared from the roots of Paeonia lactiflora on endothelium-dependent relaxation and antioxidant enzyme activity in rats administered high-fat diet. Phytother Res. 1999 Sep;13(6):526-8 Department of Japanese Oriental Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Sugitani 2630, Toyama 930-01, Japan..

Gottlieb GL. Sleep disorders and their management. Special considerations in the elderly. Am J Med. 1990 Mar 2;88(3A):29S-33S. Review.

Gracie WA, Ransohoff DF: 1982. The natural history of silent gallstones: the innocent gallstone is not a myth. N Engl J Med, 307:798-800.

Greenlee RT, Murray T, Bolden S, Wingo PA. Cancer statistics, 2000. CA Cancer J Clin 2000 Jan-Feb;50(1):7-33.

Grimes DA. Technology follies. The Uncritical Acceptance of Medical Innovation. JAMA 1993;269:3030-3.

Grimm W, et al. A randomized controlled trial of the effect of fluid extract of Echinacea purpurea on the incidence and severity of colds and respiratory infections. Am J Med. 1999 Feb;106(2):138-43.

Gromek D, Kisiel W, Stojakowska A, Kohlmunzer S. Attempts of chemical standardizing of Chrysanthemum parthenium as a prospective antimigraine drug. Pol J Pharmacol Pharm. 1991 May-Jun;43(3):213-7.

Guo Q, Peng TQ, Yang YZ. [Effect of Astragalus membranaceus on Ca2+ influx and coxsackie virus B3 RNA replication in cultured neonatal rat heart cells]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1995 Aug;15(8):483-5. Chinese

Gupta B, Ghosh B. Curcuma longa inhibits TNF-alpha induced expression of adhesion molecules on human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Int J Immunopharmacol. 1999 Nov;21(11):745-57.

Gupta I, et al. Effects of Boswellia serrata gum resin in patients with bronchial asthma: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 6-week clinical study. Eur J Med Res. 1998 Nov 17;3(11):511-4. Pharmakologie fur Naturwissenschaftler, Pharmazeutisches Institut der Universitat Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 8, D-72076 Tubingen, Germany.

Gupta I, et al. Effects of Boswellia serrata gum resin in patients with ulcerative colitis. Eur J Med Res. 1997 Jan;2(1):37-43. Department of Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Jammu, J&K, India.

Gupta I, et al. Effects of Boswellia serrata gum resin in patients with bronchial asthma: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 6-week clinical study. Eur J Med Res. 1998;Nov 17;3(11):511-4.

Gupta I, Gupta V, Parihar A, Gupta S, Ludtke R, Safayhi H, Ammon HP. Effects of Boswellia serrata gum resin in patients with bronchial asthma: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 6-week clinical study. Eur J Med Res. 1998 Nov 17;3(11):511-4.

Gupta PP, Kulshrestha DK, Patnaik GK. Antiallergic activity of Cedrus deodara. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences. 1997;19:4, 1007-1008:5 ref.

Gupta PP, Tandon JS, Patnai GK. Antiallergic activity of andrographolides isolated from Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F) wall. Pharmaceutical Biology. 1998;36:1, 72-74:7 ref.

Gupta SS, Seth CB Experimental studies on pituitary diabetes II. Comparison of blood sugar level in normal and anterior pituitary extract induced hyperglcaemic rats treated with a few Ayurvedic remedies. Indian J Med Res 50, 708, 1972.

Gupta SS, Seth CB, Mathur VS. Effect of Gurmar and shilajit on body weight of young rats. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1966 Apr;9(2):87-92.

Gupta SS, Seth CB. Gymnema sylvestre. Ind J Med Res. Sept;50(5), 1962.

Gupta, I. et al. 1997. "Effects of Boswellia serrata gum resin in patients with ulcerative colitis." Eur J Med Res. Jan;2(1):37-43

Gupta, SC, Bajaj, UK, and Sharma, VN, Cardiovascular effects of Eclipta alba, J Res Ind Med Yoga & Homeop. 11:3, 91-93, 1976.

Gupta, SS, Ind J Med Res. Jul;51(4), 1963.

Gupta, SS, Variyar, MC J Ind Med Res. Feb;52(2), 1964.

Gurley BJ, Gardner SF, White LM, Wang PL. Ephedrine pharmacokinetics after the ingestion of nutritional supplements containing Ephedra sinica (ma huang). Ther Drug Monit. 1998 Aug;20(4):439-45.

Gurley BJ, Wang P, Gardner SF. Ephedrine-type alkaloid content of nutritional supplements containing Ephedra sinica (Ma-huang) as determined by high performance liquid chromatography. J Pharm Sci. 1998 Dec;87(12):1547-53.

Gutierrez-Steil C, Wrone-Smith T, Sun X, Krueger JG, Coven T, Nickoloff BJ. Sunlight-induced basal cell carcinoma tumor cells and ultraviolet-B-irradiated psoriatic plaques express Fas ligand (CD95L). J Clin Invest. 1998 Jan 1;101(1):33-9.

Haack VS, Chesters JG, Vollendorf NW, Story JA, Marlett JA. Increasing amounts of dietary fiber provided by foods normalizes physiologic response of the large bowel without altering calcium balance or fecal steroid excretion. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Sep;68(3):615-22.

Haase J, Halama P, Horr R. [Effectiveness of brief infusions with Ginkgo biloba Special Extract EGb 761 in dementia of the vascular and Alzheimer type]. Z Gerontol Geriatr. 1996 Jul-Aug;29(4):302-9. German.

Haguenauer JP, Cantenot F, Koskas H, Pierart H. [Treatment of equilibrium disorders with Ginkgo biloba extract. A multicenter double-blind drug vs. placebo study]. Presse Med. 1986 Sep 25;15(31):1569-72. French.

Hahm S, Mizuno TM, Wu TJ, Wisor JP, Priest CA, Kozak CA, Boozer CN, Peng B, McEvoy RC, Good P, Kelley KA, Takahashi JS, Pintar JE, Roberts JL, Mobbs CV, Salton SR. Targeted deletion of the Vgf gene indicates that the encoded secretory peptide precursor plays a novel role in the regulation of energy balance. Neuron. 1999 Jul;23(3):537-48.

Haider R, Khan AK, Aziz KM, Chowdhury A, Kabir I. Evaluation of indigenous plants in the treatment of acute shigellosis. Trop Geogr Med. 1991 Jul;43(3):266-70. International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh.

Hajto T, et al. Effect of a recombinant lectin, Viscum album agglutinin on the secretion of interleukin-12 in cultured human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and on NK-cell-mediated cytotoxicity of rat splenocytes in vitro and in vivo. TITLE, YR, ETC?

Hajto T, Hostanska K, Fischer J, Saller R. Immunomodulatory effects of Viscum album agglutinin-I on natural immunity. Anticancer Drugs. 1997 Apr;8 Suppl 1:S43-6. Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland.

Halaska M, Raus K, Beles P, Martan A, Paithner KG. [Treatment of cyclical mastodynia using an extract of Vitex agnus castus: results of a double-blind comparison with a placebo]. Ceska Gynekol. 1998 Oct;63(5):388-92. Czech.

Hammer KA, Carson CF, Riley TV. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and other plant extracts. J Appl Microbiol. 1999 Jun;86(6):985-90.

Hammer KA, Carson CF, Riley TV. In-vitro activity of essential oils, in particular Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil and tea tree oil products, against Candida spp. J Antimicrob Chemother. 1998 Nov;42(5):591-5.

Hammer KA, Carson CF, Riley TV. Susceptibility of transient and commensal skin flora to the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil). Am J Infect Control. 1996 Jun;24(3):186-9.

Hammond BR Jr, et al, 1997 Density of the human crystalline lens is related to the macular pigment carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin. Optom Vis Sci 1997 Jul;74(7):499-504.

Han JA, et al. [Progress in the study on protective effect of saponins Panax notoginseng on ischemic brain damage]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1996 Aug;16(8):506-7. Review. Chinese.

Han JQ, Chen SD, Zhai LM. [Clinical study of combined Chinese herbal medicine with move stripe field radiation in treating primary hepatocellular carcinoma]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1997 Aug;17(8):465-6.

Han JQ, Chen SD, Zhai LM. [Clinical study of combined Chinese herbal medicine with move stripe field radiation in treating primary hepatocellular carcinoma]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1997 Aug;17(8):465-6. Chinese.

Han JQ, Chen YT, Man YY. [Clinical study on effect of combined treatment of fuchunpian with radiotherapy on nasopharyngeal carcinoma]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1995 Dec;15(12):710-2. Chinese.

Hanisch UK, Quirion R. Interleukin-2 as a neuroregulatory cytokine. Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 1995 Nov;21(3):246-84. Review.

Hanson LA. Human milk and host defence: immediate and long-term effects. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Aug;88(430):42-6. Review.

Hardebo JE, Owman C. Barrier mechanisms for neurotransmitter monoamines and their precursors at the blood-brain interface. Ann Neurol. 1980 Jul;8(1):1-31

Harris WS, Gowda M, Kolb JW, Strychacz CP, Vacek JL, Jones PG, Forker A, O'Keefe JH, McCallister BD. randomized, controlled trial of the effects of remote, intercessory prayer on outcomes in patients admitted to the coronary care unit. Arch Intern Med. 1999 Oct 25;159(19):2273-8.

Hase K, et al. Immunostimulating activity of Celosian, an antihepatotoxic polysaccharide isolated from Celosia argentea. Planta Med. 1997;Jun;63(3):216-9.

Hattori T, et al. [Studies on antinephritic effects of plant components in rats (1). Effects of saikosaponins original-type anti-GBM nephritis in rats and its mechanisms]. Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi. 1991 Jan;97(1):13-21. Japanese.

Hattori T, et al. Studies on antinephritic effects of plant components (3): Effect of pachyman, a main component of Poria cocos Wolf on original-type anti-GBM nephritis in rats and its mechanisms. Jpn J Pharmacol. 1992 May;59(1):89-96. Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan.

Hausen BM. Centella asiatica (Indian pennywort), an effective therapeutic but a weak sensitizer. Contact Dermatitis. 1993 Oct;29(4):175-9. Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Hamburg, Germany.

Hawthorn M, et al. The actions of peppermint oil and menthol on calcium channel dependent processes in intestinal, neuronal and cardiac preparations. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1988 Apr;2(2):101-18. Department of Biochemical Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, State University of New York, Buffalo 14260.

Hay IC, Jamieson M, Ormerod AD Randomized trial of aromatherapy. Successful treatment for alopecia areata. Arch Dermatol 1998 Nov;134(11):1349-52 Department of Dermatology, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Foresterhill, Scotland. ad.ormerod@abdn.ac.uk

Hayakawa Y, et al. Anti-metastatic and immunomodulating properties of the water extract from Celosia argentea seeds. Biol Pharm Bull. 1998;Nov;21(11):1154-9.

Hayatsu H, Negishi T, Arimoto S, Hayatsu T. Porphyrins as potential inhibitors against exposure to carcinogens and mutagens. Mutat Res. 1993 Nov;290(1):79-85. Review.

Hayatsu H, Sugiyama C, Arimoto-Kobayashi S, Negishi T. Porphyrins as possible preventers of heterocyclic amine carcinogenesis.Cancer Lett. 1999 Sep 1;143(2):185-7.

Hazelhoff B, Malingre TM, Meijer DK. Antispasmodic effects of valeriana compounds: an in-vivo and in-vitro study on the guinea-pig ileum. Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther. 1982 Jun;257(2):274-87.

He K, Iyer KR, Hayes RN, Sinz MW, Woolf TF, Hollenberg PF. Inactivation of cytochrome P450 3A4 by bergamottin, a component of grapefruit juice. Chem Res Toxicol. 1998 Apr;11(4):252-9.

Head KA. Natural therapies for ocular disorders, part one: diseases of the retina. Altern Med Rev. 1999 Oct;4(5):342-59. Review.

Heepe P, Starke K. Alpha-adrenoceptor antagonists and the release of noradrenaline in rabbit cerebral cortex slices: support for the alpha-autoreceptor hypothesis. Br J Pharmacol. 1985 Jan;84(1):147-55.

Heilmann P, Heide J, Hundertmark S, Schoneshofer M. Administration of glycyrrhetinic acid: significant correlation between serum levels and the cortisol/cortisone-ratio in serum and urine. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 1999;107(6):370-8.

Heinerman, J. The Science of Herbal Medicine. Orem, Prentice Hall, 1979.

Hellerstein M. Antimitotic peptide characterized from soybean: role in protection from cancer? Nutr Rev. 1999 Nov;57(11):359-61. Review.

Hendrich S, et al. Effects of dietary cabbage, Brussels sprouts, Illicium verum, Schizandra chinensis and alfalfa on the benzo[alpha]pyrene metabolic system in mouse liver. Food Chem Toxicol. 1983 Aug;21(4):479-86.

Hendriks H, Bos R, Allersma DP, Malingre TM, Koster AS. Pharmacological screening of valerenal and some other components of essential oil of Valeriana officinalis. Planta Med. 1981 May;42(1):62-8.

Henneicke-von Zepelin H, Hentschel C, Schnitker J, Kohnen R, Kohler G, Wustenberg P. Efficacy and safety of a fixed combination phytomedicine in the treatment of the common cold (acute viral respiratory tract infection): results of a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled, multicentre study. Curr Med Res Opin. 1999;15(3):214-27

Henry F, Rakic L, Van Cromphaut I, Pierard-Franchimont C, Pierard GE. [Skin microcirculation, adherence molecules and inflammatory dermatoses]. Rev Med Liege. 1998 Aug;53(8):479-82. Review. French.

Henz BM, Zuberbier T. Most chronic urticaria is food-dependent, and not idiopathic. Exp Dermatol. 1998 Aug;7(4):139-42. Review.

Herberg KW. [Effect of Kava-Special Extract WS 1490 combined with ethyl alcohol on safety-relevant performance parameters]. Blutalkohol. 1993 Mar;30(2):96-105. German.

Heyer G, Berg P, Hornstein OP. [Follow-up of cutaneous paradoxical vascular reactions in atopic patients during and after eczema manifestations]. Hautarzt. 1995 Jan;46(1):22-7. German.

Hikino H et al, 1984. Antihepatotoxic actions of flavanolignans from Silybum marianum fruits. Planta Medica 50: 248-50.

Hikino H, et al. Mechanisms of hypoglycemic activity of ganoderan B: a glycan of Ganoderma lucidum fruit bodies. Planta Med. 1989 Oct;55(5):423-8.

Hillebrand H. [The treatment of premenstrual aphthous ulcerative stomatitis with Agnolyt]. Z Allgemeinmed. 1964 Dec 31;40(36):1577. German.

Hillebrand H. [The treatment of premenstrual aphthous ulcerative stomatitis with Agnolyt]. Landarzt. 1964 Dec 31;40(36):1577. German.

Hirabayashi T, et al. Inhibitory effect of ferulic acid and isoferulic acid on murine interleukin-8 production in response to influenza virus infections in vitro and in vivo. Planta Med. 1995;Jun;61(3):221-6.

Hirayama H, Wang Z, Nishi K, Ogawa A, Ishimatu T, Ueda S, Kubo T, Nohara T. Effect of Desmodium styracifolium-triterpenoid on calcium oxalate renal stones. Br J Urol. 1993 Feb;71(2):143-7.

Hirose M, Hoshiya T, Akagi K, et al. Inhibition of mammary gland carcinogenesis by green tea catechins and other naturally occurring antioxidants in female Sprague-Dawley rats pretreated with 7,12 dimethylbenz[alpha]anthracene. Cancer Lett 83:149-156; 1994.

Hishida I, Nanba H, Kuroda H. Antitumor activity exhibited by orally administered extract from fruit body of Grifola frondosa (maitake). Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1988 May;36(5):1819-27.

Ho M. The Rainbow and the Worm: The Physics of Organisms 2nd ed.. London: World Scientific Publishing Co., 1998.

Hobbs, C. 1995. Medicinal Mushrooms: An Exploration of Tradition, Healing and Culture. Santa Cruz: Botanical Press.

Hochstrasser B. [Epidemiology of sleep disorders]. Ther Umsch. 1993 Oct;50(10):679-83. Review. German.

Hodos W. Avian models of experimental myopia: environmental factors in the regulation of eye growth. Ciba Found Symp. 1990;155:149-56; discussion 156-9. Review.

Hoessel R, Leclerc S, Endicott JA, Nobel ME, Lawrie A, Tunnah P, Leost M, Damiens E, Marie D, Marko D, Niederberger E, Tang W, Eisenbrand G, Meijer L. Indirubin, the active constituent of a Chinese antileukaemia medicine, inhibits cyclin-dependent kinases.Nat Cell Biolog. 1999 May;1(1):60-7.

Hoffman DR, Uauy R, Birch DG. Metabolism of omega-3 fatty acids in patients with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa. Exp Eye Res. 1995 Mar;60(3):279-89.

Holman RT. The slow discovery of the importance of omega 3 essential fatty acids in human health. J Nutr. 1998 Feb;128(2 Suppl):427S-433S. Review.

Holodney M, et al. A double-blind randomized, placebo-controlled, phase II study to assess the safety and efficacy of orally administered SP-303 for symptomatic treatment of diarrhea in patients with AIDS (accepted for publication in Am J Gast 1999)

Homma M, Oka K, Niitsuma T, Itoh H A novel 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase inhibitor contained in saiboku-to, a herbal remedy for steroid-dependent bronchial asthma. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1994 Apr;46(4):305-9.

Hong CY, et al. Astragalus membranaceus and Polygonum multiflorum protect rat heart mitochondria against lipid peroxidation. Am J Chin Med. 1994;22(1):63-70. Institute of Traditional Medicine, Yang-Ming Medical College, Taipei, Taiwan.

Hong CY, Ku J, Wu P 1992 Astragalus membranaceus stimulates human sperm motility in vitro. Am J Chin Med 20(3-4):289-294.

Hook EB. Dietary cravings and aversions during pregnancy. Am J Clin Nutr. 1978 Aug;31(8):1355-62.

Hopfenmuller W. [Evidence for a therapeutic effect of Ginkgo biloba special extract. Meta-analysis of 11 clinical studies in patients with cerebrovascular insufficiency in old age]. Arzneimittelforschung. 1994 Sep;44(9):1005-13. German.

Horikawa K, et al. Moderate inhibition of mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of benzo[a]pyrene, 1,6-dinitropyrene and 3,9-dinitrofluoranthene by Chinese medicinal herbs. Mutagenesis. 1994 Nov;9(6):523-6. Department of Health Sciences, Fukuoka Institute of Health and Environmental Sciences, Japan.

Hornstein OP, Keller J, Boissevain F. Abnormalities of cutaneous microcirculation in atopic eczematics. Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh). 1992;176:86-9.

Horrobin DF. Essential fatty acid metabolism and its modification in atopic eczema. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Jan;71(1 Suppl):367S-72S. Review.

Horrobin DF Fatty acid metabolism in health and disease: the role of delta-6-desaturase. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993 May;57(5 Suppl):732S-736S; discussion 736S-737S. Review.

Hou J, Yan FR. [Treatment of esophageal precancerous lesion with cang dou pill]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1992 Oct;12(10):604-6, 580-1. Chinese.

Houghton PJ. The scientific basis for the reputed activity of Valerian. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1999 May;51(5):505-12.

Houston DK, Johnson MA, Nozza RJ, Gunter EW, Shea KJ, Cutler GM, Edmonds JT. Age-related hearing loss, vitamin B-12, and folate in elderly women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Mar;69(3):564-71.

Howarth PH. Is allergy increasing?--early life influences. Clin Exp Allergy. 1998 Dec;28 Suppl 6:2-7. Review.

Howarth PH. Is allergy increasing?--early life influences. Clin Exp Allergy. 1998 Dec;28 Suppl 6:2-7. Review.

Howat RC, et al. The effect of bromelain therapy on episiotomy wounds--a double blind controlled clinical trial. J Obstet Gynaecol Br Commonw. 1972 Oct;79(10):951-3

Hryb DJ, et al. The effect of extracts of the roots of the stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) on the interaction of SHBG with its receptor on human prostatic membranes. Planta Med. 1995 Feb;61(1):31-2.

Hryb, D.J. et al. 1995. "The effect of extracts of the roots of the stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) on the interaction of SHBG with its receptor on human prostatic membranes." Planta Med. Feb;61(1):31-2.

Hsieh TC, Ng C, Chang CC, Chen SS, Mittleman A, Wu JM. Induction of apoptosis and down-regulation of bcl-6 in mutu I cells treated with ethanolic extracts of the Chinese herbal supplement PC-SPES. Int J Oncol. 1998 Dec;13(6):1199-202.

Hu G et al. Dietary vitamin C intake and lung function in rural China. Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Sep 15;148(6):594-9.

Hu SM (ed.) et al Chinese Medicine Secret Recipes. Shanghai: Wen Hui publishing house, 1991. (Chinese).

Hu Y, et al. [Effects of artificial cultured Panax notoginseng cell on cardiovascular system]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1992 Jun;17(6):361-3, 384. Shanghai College of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Hu, N and Tillotson A. TCM treatment of jaundice. Unpublished mansucript, 1999.

Huang CL, Li C, Deng YB. [Progress on research of mechanism of Rheum palmatum in delaying the chronic renal failure]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1995 Aug;15(8):506-8. Review. Chinese.

Huang J, et al. 1994 The role of biochemical markers in peripheral body fluids in assessment of human neurotoxicity. Sangyo Igaku. 1994 Mar;36(2):71-82. Review

Huang MT, Newmark HL, Frenkel K. Inhibitory effects of curcumin on tumorigenesis in mice. J Cell Biochem Suppl. 1997;27:26-34. Review.

Huang SM, Liao XY, Wu LF. [Clinical report of 60 cases of diabetic cardio-vascular autonomous neuropathy by stasis removing treatment of combined traditional and Western medicine]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1997 Oct;17(10):594-6. Chinese.

Huang TS, et al. Effect of humic acids on thyroidal function. J Endocrinol Invest. 1994 Nov;17(10):787-91.

Huang YS, et al. Improvement of early postburn cardiac function by use of Panax notoginseng and immediate total eschar excision in one operation. Burns. 1999 Feb;25(1):35-41. Institute of Burn Research, Southwestern Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China.

Huang, KH. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs, 2nd ed, Boca Raton, CRC Press, 1999.

Hubler MO, Bracht A, Kelmer-Bracht AM. Influence of stevioside on hepatic glycogen levels in fasted rats. Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol. 1994 Apr;84(1):111-8.

Huguet F, Drieu K, Piriou A. Decreased cerebral 5-HT1A receptors during ageing: reversal by Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761). J Pharm Pharmacol. 1994 Apr;46(4):316-8.

Hussein WI, et al. Normalization of hyperhomocysteinemia with L-thyroxine in hypothyroidism. Ann Intern Med. 1999 Sep 7;131(5):348-51.

Hutter CD, Laing P. Multiple sclerosis: sunlight, diet, immunology and aetiology. Med Hypotheses. 1996 Feb;46(2):67-74. Review.

Huwez FU, Thirlwell D, Cockayne A, Ala'Aldeen DA , Mastic gum kills Helicobacter pylori. N Engl J Med 1998 Dec 24;339(26):1946

Ide N, Lau BH. Aged garlic extract attenuates intracellular oxidative stress. Phytomedicine. 1999 May;6(2):125-31.

Igram, C. The Cure Is In the Cupboard: How to Use Oregano for Better Health. Knowledge House, 1997.

Inoue YK, Nishibe Y. Influence of feed on onset of disease in subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy virus-infected mice. Infect Immun. 1976 Jul;14(1):309-10.

Inselman LS, et al. Growth and development of the lung. J Pediatr. 1981 Jan;98(1):1-15.

Ip SP, Che CT, Ko KM. Structure-activity relationship of schisandrins in enhancing liver mitochondrial glutathione status in CCl4-poisoned mice. Chung Kuo Yao Li Hsueh Pao. 1998 Jul;19(4):313-6.

Ip SP, et al. Effect of a lignan-enriched extract of Schisandra chinensis on aflatoxin B1 and cadmium chloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Pharmacol Toxicol. 1996 Jun;78(6):413-6. Department of Biochemistry, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Hong Kong.

Ip SP, et al. Schisandrin B protects against carbon tetrachloride toxicity by enhancing the mitochondrial glutathione redox status in mouse liver. Free Radic Biol Med. 1996;21(5):709-12. Department of Biochemistry, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Hong Kong.

Isaac-Sodeye WA, Sofowora EA, Ogunkoya LO. Isolation and characterisation of an antisickling agent from Fagara zanthoxyloides root. Lloydia. 1975 Mar-Apr;38(2):169-71.

Ishihara T, et al. Inhibition of antigen-specific T helper type 2 responses by Perilla frutescens extract. Arerugi. 1999;Apr;48(4):443-50.

Ishizuka S, Ito S, Onuma M, Kasai T, Aoyama Y, Hara H. Ingestion of sugar beet fiber enhances irradiation-induced aberrant crypt foci in the rat colon under an apoptosis-suppressed condition. Carcinogenesis. 1999 Jun;20(6):1005-9.

Isolauri E, Tahvanainen A, Peltola T, Arvola T. Breast-feeding of allergic infants. J Pediatr. 1999 Jan;134(1):27-32.

Ivanovska N, et al. Study on the anti-inflammatory action of Berberis vulgaris root extract, alkaloid fractions and pure alkaloids. Int J Immunopharmacol. 1996;Oct;18(10):553-61.

Iwasa J, Kimura Y. [Studies on the constituents of muira puama]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 1969 Aug;89(8):1172-4.

Iwata K., editor. Yeasts and yeast-like micororganisms in medical science. Proceedings of the second International Specialized Symposium on Yeasts, Tokyo, 1972. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press, 1976.

Iwu MM, Jackson JE, Tally JD, Klayman DL. Evaluation of plant extracts for antileishmanial activity using a mechanism-based radiorespirometric microtechnique (RAM). Planta Med. 1992 Oct;58(5):436-41.

Iwu, M. (ED.) Handbook of African Medicinal Plants, CRC Press: Boca Raton, 1993.

Iwu., et al., 1994. Alkaloids of Picralima nitida used for treatment of protozoal diseases. Invented by Maurice M. Iwu et al., and assigned to the U.S. Secretary of the Army, Washington, D.C. U.S. Patent 5,290,553 issued March 1, 1994.

Izzat MB, et al. A taste of Chinese medicine! Ann Thorac Surg. 1998 Sep;66(3):941-2. Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. izzat@cuhk.edu.hk.

Izzo AA, Sautebin L, Borrelli F, Longo R, Capasso F. The role of nitric oxide in aloe-induced diarrhoea in the rat. Eur J Pharmacol. 1999 Feb 26;368(1):43-8.

Jack RA. Treatment of opium addiction. Br Med J. 1971 Oct 2;4(778):48.

Jackson JM, Mourino AP. Pacifier use and otitis media in infants twelve months of age or younger. Pediatr Dent. 1999 Jul-Aug;21(4):255-60.

Jacob A, et al. Effect of the Indian gooseberry (amla) on serum cholesterol levels in men aged 35-55 years. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1988 Nov;42(11):939-44. Department of Foods and Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.

Jacob S, Lawrence R, and Zucker M. The Miracle of MSM. New York, G.P. Putmam's Sons, 1999.

Jagtap AG, Karkera SG. Potential of the aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula as an anticaries agent. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Dec 15;68(1-3):299-306.

Jain SC, Uppal A, Bhatnagar SO, Talukdar B. A study of response pattern of non-insulin dependent diabetics to yoga therapy. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1993 Jan;19(1):69-74.

Jamal GA. et al., Treatment of diabetic neuropathy with famma-linolenic acid (GLA) as evening primrose oil (Efamol). J Am Coll Nutr 6:86, 1987.

Jandourek A, Vaishampayan JK, Vazquez JA. Efficacy of melaleuca oral solution for the treatment of fluconazole refractory oral candidiasis in AIDS patients. AIDS. 1998 Jun 18;12(9):1033-7.

Jansen LM, Gispen-de Wied CC, Jansen MA, van der Gaag RJ, Matthys W, van Engeland H. Pituitary-adrenal reactivity in a child psychiatric population: salivary cortisol response to stressors. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 1999 Jan;9(1-2):67-75.

Janssen K, Mensink RP, Cox FJ, Harryvan JL, Hovenier R, Hollman PC, Katan MB. Effects of the flavonoids quercetin and apigenin on hemostasis in healthy volunteers: results from an in vitro and a dietary supplement study. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Feb;67(2):255-62.

Janssens D, Michiels C, Guillaume G, Cuisinier B, Louagie Y, Remacle J. Increase in circulating endothelial cells in patients with primary chronic venous insufficiency: protective effect of Ginkor Fort in a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1999 Jan;33(1):7-11

 

Jappe U, Bonnekoh B, Hausen BM, Gollnick H. Garlic-related dermatoses: case report and review of the literature. Am J Contact Dermat. 1999 Mar;10(1):37-9.

Jappe U, Bonnekoh B, Hausen BM, Gollnick H. Garlic-related dermatoses: case report and review of the literature. Am J Contact Dermat. 1999 Mar;10(1):37-9.

Jarry H, Leonhardt S, Gorkow C, Wuttke W. In vitro prolactin but not LH and FSH release is inhibited by compounds in extracts of Agnus castus: direct evidence for a dopaminergic principle by the dopamine receptor assay. Exp Clin Endocrinol. 1994;102(6):448-54.

Jeena KJ, et al. Effect of Emblica officinalis, Phyllanthus amarus and Picrorrhiza kurroa on N-nitrosodiethylamine induced hepatocarcinogenesis. Cancer Lett. 1999 Feb 8;136(1):11-6. Amala Cancer Research Centre, Amala Nagar, Kerala, India.

Jenkins DJ, et al. Health aspects of partially defatted flaxseed, including effects on serum lipids, oxidative measures, and ex vivo androgen and progestin activity: a controlled crossover trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Mar;69(3):395-402.

Jenkins DJ, Kendall CW, Garsetti M, Rosenberg-Zand RS, Jackson CJ, Agarwal S, Rao AV, Diamandis EP, Parker T, Faulkner D, Vuksan V, Vidgen E. Effect of soy protein foods on low-density lipoprotein oxidation and ex vivo sex hormone receptor activity--a controlled crossover trial. Metabolism. 2000 Apr;49(4):537-43.

Jensen-Jarolim E, et al. Fatal outcome of anaphylaxis to camomile-containing enema during labor: a case study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1998 Dec;102(6 Pt 1):1041-2.

Jeong JY, et al. Studies on immunopotentiating activities of antitumor polysaccharide from aerial parts of Taraxacum platycarpum. Arch Pharm Res. 1991 Mar;14(1):68-72

Ji SM, Li LS, Ji DX. [Effects of baoshen pill in treating chronic renal failure with long-term hemodialysis]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1993 Feb;13(2):71-3, 67. Chinese.

Ji XJ, Liu XM, Li K, Chen RH, Wang LG. Pharmacological studies of meisoindigo: absorption and mechanism of action. Biomed Environ Sci. 1991 Sep;4(3):332-7.

Jia YB, Tang TQ. [Paeonia Lactiflora injection in treating chronic cor pulmonale with pulmonary hypertension]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1991 Apr;11(4):199-202, 195. Cardiovascular Institute of Henan Medical University, Zhang-zhou.

Jiang KY, et al. Effects of Panax notoginseng saponins on posthypoxic cell damage of neurons in vitro. Chung Kuo Yao Li Hsueh Pao. 1995 Sep;16(5):399-402. Department of Pharmacology, Suzhou Medical College, China.

Jie YH, et al. Immunomodulatory effects of Panax Ginseng C.A. Meyer in the mouse. Agents Actions. 1984;Oct;15(3-4):386-91.

Jin ZH, Ma DL, Lin XZ. [Study on effect of emodin on the isolated intestinal smooth muscle of guinea-pigs]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1994 Jul;14(7):429-31. Chinese.

Jing Y, et al. Boswellic acid acetate induces differentiation and apoptosis in leukemia cell lines. Leuk Res. 1999 Jan;23(1):43-50. Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China. jing@msvax.mssm.edu

Jing, Y. et al. 1999. "Boswellic acid acetate induces differentiation and apoptosis in leukemia cell lines." Leuk Res. Jan;23(1):43-50.

Jodl et al. Therapeutic potentialities of Legalon in pediatrics. Media 1983;4(11):3-6.

Joglekar GV, Ahuja RH, Balwani JH. Galactogogue effect of Asparagus racemosus. Preliminary communication. Indian Med J. 1967 Jul;61(7):165.

Johns T, Mahunnah RL, Sanaya P, Chapman L, Ticktin T Saponins and phenolic content in plant dietary additives of a traditional subsistence community, the Batemi of Ngorongoro District, Tanzania. J Ethnopharmacol 1999 Jul;66(1):1-10.

Johnson C. Is HIV the cause of AIDS: An interview with Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos. Continuum Autumn, 1997, at http://www.virusmyth.com/aids/data/cjinterviewep.htm.

Johnson ES, Kadam NP, Hylands DM, Hylands PJ. Efficacy of feverfew as prophylactic treatment of migraine. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1985 Aug 31;291(6495):569-73.

Johri RK, Thusu N, Khajuria A, Zutshi U Piperine-mediated changes in the permeability of rat intestinal epithelial cells. The status of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity, uptake of amino acids and lipid peroxidation. Biochem Pharmacol 1992 Apr 1;43(7):1401-7 Regional Research Laboratory (CSIR), Jammu-Tawi, India.

Johri, R.K. et al. 1992. "An Ayurvedic formulation Trikatu and its constituents." J Ethnopharmacol. Sep;37(2):85-91.

Joseph JA, et al. Reversals of age-related declines in neuronal signal transduction, cognitive, and motor behavioral deficits with blueberry, spinach, or strawberry dietary supplementation. J Neurosci. 1999 Sep 15;19(18):8114-21.

Jump DB, Clarke SD. Regulation of gene expression by dietary fat. Annu Rev Nutr. 1999;19:63-90. Review

Jung F, Mrowietz C, Kiesewetter H, Wenzel E. Effect of Ginkgo biloba on fluidity of blood and peripheral microcirculation in volunteers. Arzneimittelforschung. 1990 May;40(5):589-93.

Just MJ, et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of unusual lupane saponins from Bupleurum fruticescens. Planta Med. 1998 Jun;64(5):404-7.

Kagan VE, Yalowich JC, Borisenko GG, Tyurina YY, Tyurin VA, Thampatty P, Fabisiak JP. Mechanism-based chemopreventive strategies against etoposide-induced acute myeloid leukemia: free radical/antioxidant approach. Mol Pharmacol. 1999 Sep;56(3):494-506.

Kahler W, Kuklinski B, Ruhlmann C, Plotz C. [Diabetes mellitus--a free radical-associated disease. Results of adjuvant antioxidant supplementation]. Z Gesamte Inn Med. 1993 May;48(5):223-32. German.

Kaltsas, HJ Patent Poisons, Alternative Medicine, issue 33 November 1999, pp 24-28.

Kamei A et al. The effect of Celosian, a water extract from Celosia argentea L., on NK activity in rats with galactosamine/LPS-induced acute hepatic injury. Journal of Traditional Medicines. 1998;15:3, 161-167: 31 ref.

Kamei A, et al. The evaluation of therapeutic efficacy of hachimi-jio-gan (traditional Chinese medicine) to mouse hereditary cataract. J Ocul Pharmacol. 1988 Winter;4(4):311-9.

Kaminaga T, et al. Inhibitory effects of lanostane-type triterpene acids, the components of Poria cocos, on tumor promotion by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate in two-stage carcinogenesis in mouse skin. Oncology. 1996 Sep-Oct;53(5):382-5.

Kanayama H, et al. [Studies on the antitumor active polysaccharides from the mycelia of Poria cocos Wolf. III. Antitumor activity against mouse tumors]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 1986 Apr;106(4):307-12. Japanese.

Kanayama H, et al. [Studies on the antitumor-active polysaccharides from the mycelia of Poria cocos Wolf. II. Structural analysis of antitumor polysaccharide H11]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 1986 Mar;106(3):206-11. Japanese.

Kanayama H, et al. [Studies on the antitumor-active polysaccharides from the mycelia of Poria cocos Wolf. I. Fractionation and purification of antitumor polysaccharide H11]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 1986 Mar;106(3):199-205. Japanese.

Kaneko M, et al. Inhibition of eosinophil infiltration into the mouse peritoneal cavity by a traditional Chinese medicine, Bu-zhong-yi-qi-tang (Japanese name: Hochu-ekki-to). Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 1999;Feb;21(1):125-40.

Kang BK, et al. Inhibitory effects of Korean folk medicine ?Hi-Chum' on histamine release from mast cells in vivo and in vitro. J Ethnopharmacol. 1997;Jul;57(2):73-9.

Kang BY, Song YJ, Kim K, Choe YK, Hwang SY, Kim TS. Curcumin inhibits Th1 cytokine profile in CD4+ T cells by suppressing interleukin-12 production in macrophages. Br J Pharmacol. 1999 Sep;128(2):380-4.

Kanmatsuse K, et al. [Studies on Ganoderma lucidum. I. Efficacy against hypertension and side effects]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 1985 Oct;105(10):942-7. Japanese.

Kanth VR, Diwan PV. Analgesic, antiinflammatory and hypoglycaemic activities of Sida cordifolia. Phytother Res. 1999 Feb;13(1):75-7.

Kapadia GJ, Tokuda H, Konoshima T, Nishino H. Chemoprevention of lung and skin cancer by Beta vulgaris (beet) root extract. Cancer Lett. 1996 Feb 27;100(1-2):211-4.

Kapil A, Sharma S. Immunopotentiating compounds from Tinospora cordifolia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 1997;58: 2, 89-95: 21 ref.

Kapoor R, Mehta U. Supplementary effect of spirulina on hematological status of rats during pregnancy and lactation. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1998;52(4):315-24.

Kapoor, L.D. CRC Handbook of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants. Baca Raton, CRC Press, 1990.

Karthikeyan K, Ravichandran P, Govindasamy S. Chemopreventive effect of Ocimum sanctum on DMBA-induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis. Oral Oncol. 1999 Jan;35(1):112-9.

Kasinathan S, Ramakrishnan S, Basu SL. Antifertility effect of Ocimum sanctum L. Indian J Exp Biol. 1972 Jan;10(1):23-5.

Kasutri M, Ahmed RN, Pathan KM, Shaikh PD, Manivannan B. Effects of Azadirachta indica leaves on the seminal vesicles and ventral prostate in albino rats. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1997 Jul;41(3):234-40.

Katiyar SK, et al. Tea antioxidants in cancer chemoprevention. J Cell Biochem Suppl. 1997;27:59-67.

Kawakita T, Yamada A, Kumazawa Y, Nomoto K. maturation of immature B cells accumulated in the periphery by an intraperitoneal administration of a traditional Chinese medicine, xiao-chai-hu-tang (Japanese name: shosaiko-to). Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 1987;9(2-3):299-317

Kawamori T, Lubet R, Steele VE, Kelloff GJ, Kaskey RB, Rao CV, Reddy BS. Chemopreventive effect of curcumin, a naturally occurring anti-inflammatory agent, during the promotion/progression stages of colon cancer. Cancer Res. 1999 Feb 1;59(3):597-601.

Kawanaka N, et al. 1998 [An evaluation of efficacy of minocycline as an anti-rheumatic drug in patients with active and refractory rheumatoid arthritis]. Ryumachi Dec;38(6):801-9 [Article in Japanese] Department of Medicine III, Okayama University Medical School.

Kay RA. Microalgae as food and supplement. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 1991;30(6):555-73. Review

Kelly GS. Larch arabinogalactan: clinical relevance of a novel immune-enhancing polysaccharide. Altern Med Rev. 1999;Apr;4(2):96-103. Review.

Khajuria A, Zutshi U, Bedi KL , Permeability characteristics of piperine on oral absorption--an active alkaloid from peppers and a bioavailability enhancer. Indian J Exp Biol 1998 Jan;36(1):46-50 Isotope Section, Regional Research Laboratory, Jammu-Tawi, India.

Khar A, Ali AM, Pardhasaradhi BV, Begum Z, Anjum R. Antitumor activity of curcumin is mediated through the induction of apoptosis in AK-5 tumor cells. FEBS Lett. 1999 Feb 19;445(1):165-8.

Khurana AK, Choudhary R, Ahluwalia BK, Gupta S. Hospital epidemiology of dry eye. Indian J Ophthalmol. 1991 Apr-Jun;39(2):55-8.

Kim H, et al. Effect of Rehmannia glutinosa on immediate type allergic reaction. Int J Immunopharmacol. 1998 Apr-May;20(4-5):231-40.

Kim HM et al. Salviae radix root extract inhibits immunoglobulin E-mediated allergic reaction. General Pharmacology. 1999;32:5, 603-608:26 ref.

Kim HM, An CS, Jung KY, Choo YK, Park JK, Nam SY. Rehmannia glutinosa inhibits tumour necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 secretion from mouse astrocytes. Pharmacol Res. 1999 Aug;40(2):171-6.

Kim HM, et al. Lavender oil inhibits immediate-type allergic reaction in mice and rats. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1999;Feb;51(2):221-6.

Kim HM, et al. Rehmannia glutinosa inhibits tumour necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 secretion from mouse astrocytes. Pharmacol Res. 1999 Aug;40(2):171-6.

Kim HM, Lee EH, Cho HH, Moon YH. Inhibitory effect of mast cell-mediated immediate-type allergic reactions in rats by spirulina. Biochem Pharmacol. 1998 Apr 1;55(7):1071-6.

Kim HM, Moon EJ, Li E, Kim KM, Nam SY, Chung CK. The nitric oxide-producing activities of Scutellaria baicalensis. Toxicology. 1999 Jul 15;135(2-3):109-15.

Kim HM, Oh CH, Chung CK. Activation of inducible nitric oxide synthase by Taraxacum officinale in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Gen Pharmacol. 1999 Jun;32(6):683-8.

Kim HM, Oh CH, Chung CK. Activation of inducible nitric oxide synthase by Taraxacum officinale in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Gen Pharmacol. 1999 Jun;32(6):683-8.

Kim HM, Park Y, Lee EH. Suppression of immunoglobulin E-mediated anaphylactic reaction by Hwanglyun-Haedok-Tang water extract. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 1998;61:2, 127-134:?

Kim KH et al. Acidic polysaccharide from Panax ginseng, ginsan, induces Th1 cell and macrophage cytokines and generates LAK cells in synergy with rIL-2. Planta Medica. 1998;64: 2, 110-115: 24.

Kim SR, et al., 1999 Protopine from Corydalis ternata has anticholinesterase and antiamnesic activities. Planta Med. Apr;65(3):218-21.

Kim YC, et al., Effect of the aqueous extract of Aquilaria agallocha stems on the immediate hypersensitivity reactions. J Ethnopharmacol. 1997 Sep;58(1):31-8.

Kim YR, et al. Panax ginseng blocks morphine-induced thymic apoptosis by lowering plasma corticosterone level. Gen Pharmacol. 1999;Jun;32(6):647-52. Nanahoshi M. Effect of glycyrrhizin on the action cortisone. Nippon Naibunpi Gakkai Zasshi. 1967;Mar 20;42(12):1312-9.

Kim YW, et al. Long-term oral administration of ginseng extract decreases serum gamma-globulin and IgG1 isotype in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 1997;58:1, 55-58:20 ref.

Kimata M, Shichijo M, Miura T, Serizawa I, Inagaki N, Nagai H. Effects of luteolin, quercetin and baicalein on immunoglobulin E-mediated mediator release from human cultured mast cells. Clin Exp Allergy. 2000 Apr;30(4):501-508

Kimura Y, Matsushita N, Okuda H. Effects of baicalein isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis on interleukin 1beta- and tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced adhesion molecule expression in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 1997;57:1, 63-67:21 ref.

Kimura Y, Okuda H, Arichi S. Studies on scutellariae radix; XIII. Effects of various flavonoids on arachidonate metabolism in leukocytes. Planta Med. 1985 Apr;(2):132-6.

Kimura Y, Yokoi K, Matsushita N, Okuda H. Effects of flavonoids isolated from scutellariae radix on the production of tissue-type plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 induced by thrombin and thrombin receptor agonist peptide in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1997 Aug;49(8):816-22.

Kinjo K, Kizaki M, Muto A, Fukuchi Y, Umezawa A, Yamato K, Nishihara T, Hata J, Ito M, Ueyama Y, Ikeda Y. Arsenic trioxide (As2O3)-induced apoptosis and differentiation in retinoic acid-resistant acute promyelocytic leukemia model in hGM-CSF-producing transgenic SCID mice. Leukemia. 2000 Mar;14(3):431-8.

Kirchorfer A, in Advances in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research, Chang et al., eds, World Publishing, Singapore, 1985.

Kishikawa M; Sakae M Herbal medicine and the study of aging in senescence-accelerated mice (SAMP1TA/Ngs). Proceedings of the second international conference on animal models for aging research, Kyoto, Japan, 12-19 May, 1995., Experimental-Gerontology. 1997, 32: 1/2, 229-242: 19 ref..

Kitareewan S, Burka LT, Tomer KB, Parker CE, Deterding LJ, Stevens RD, Forman BM, Mais DE, Heyman RA, McMorris T, Weinberger C. metabolites are circulating dietary factors that activate the nuclear receptor RXR. Mol Biol Cell. 1996 Aug;7(8):1153-66.

Kiuchi F, et al. Inhibition of prostaglandin and leukotriene biosynthesis by gingerols and diarylheptanoids. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1992 Feb;40(2):387-91.

Klein AD, et al. Aloe vera. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1988 Apr;18(4 Pt 1):714-20. Review.

Klerman GL. Pharmacotherapy of schizophrenia. Annu Rev Med. 1974;25(0):199-217.

Klongpanichpak, S. et al. 1997. "Lack of mutagenicity of stevioside and steviol in Salmonella typhimurium TA 98 and TA 100." J Med Assoc Thai. Sep;80(suppl 1):S121-8.

Klopov VP. Persistent organic compounds in women residing in the Russian Arctic. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Suppl 1:555-60.

Ko FN, Chen IS, Wu SJ, Lee LG, Haung TF, Teng CM. Antiplatelet effects of chelerythrine chloride isolated from Zanthoxylum simulans. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 May 22;1052(3):360-5.

Ko RJ. Adulterants in Asian patent medicines. N Engl J Med. 1998 Sep 17;339(12):847.

Ko RJ. Causes, epidemiology, and clinical evaluation of suspected herbal poisoning. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1999;37(6):697-708. Review.

Kobayashi T, Hashimoto S, Horie T. Curcumin inhibition of Dermatophagoides farinea-induced interleukin-5 (IL-5) and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) production by lymphocytes from bronchial asthmatics. Biochemical Pharmacology. 1997;54:7, 819-824:40 ref.

Kobayashi T, Hashimoto S, Horie T. Curcumin inhibition of Dermatophagoides farinea-induced interleukin-5 (IL-5) and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) production by lymphocytes from bronchial asthmatics. Biochemical Pharmacology. 1997;54(7):819-824: 40 ref.

Kokcam I, Naziroglu M. Antioxidants and lipid peroxidation status in the blood of patients with psoriasis. Clin Chim Acta. 1999 Nov;289(1-2):23-31. Department of Dermatology, Medical Faculty of Firat University, 23119, Elazig, Turkey.

Koltai M, Hosford D, Guinot P, Esanu A, Braquet P. Platelet activating factor (PAF). A review of its effects, antagonists and possible future clinical implications (Part I).

Kono S, Shinchi K, Ikeda N, et al. Green tea consumption and serum lipid profiles: a cross-sectional study in northern Kyushu, Japan. Prev Med 21:526-531; 1992.

Konoshima T, et al. Anti-carcinogenic activity of the roots of Panax notoginseng. II. Biol Pharm Bull. 1999 Oct;22(10):1150-2. Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Japan.

Korthuis RJ, Gute DC. Adhesion molecule expression in postischemic microvascular dysfunction: activity of a micronized purified flavonoid fraction. J Vasc Res. 1999;36 Suppl 1:15-23. Review.

Koul IB, Kapil A Evaluation of the liver protective potential of piperine, an active principle of black and long peppers. Planta Med 1993 Oct;59(5):413-7 Department of Pharmacology, Regional Research Laboratory, Jammu, India.

Koutsoumanis K, Lambropoulou K, Nychas GJ. A predictive model for the non-thermal inactivation of Salmonella enteritidis in a food model system supplemented with a natural antimicrobial. Int J Food Microbiol. 1999 Aug 1;49(1-2):63-74.

Krahenbuhl S, Hasler F, Frey BM, Frey FJ, Brenneisen R, Krapf R. Kinetics and dynamics of orally administered 18 beta-glycyrrhetinic acid in humans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Mar;78(3):581-5.

Krenzelok EP, et al. Plant exposures ... a national profile of the most common plant genera. Vet Hum Toxicol. 1997 Aug;39(4):248-9.

Kretowski A, Mysliwiec J, Szelachowska M, Kinalski M, Kinalska I. Nicotinamide inhibits enhanced in vitro production of interleukin-12 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha in peripheral whole blood of people at high risk of developing type 1 diabetes and people with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2000 Feb;47(2):81-6.

Kris-Etherton PM, Mustad VA. Chocolate feeding studies: a novel approach for evaluating the plasma lipid effects of stearic acid. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994 Dec;60(6 Suppl):1029S-1036S.

Kroes BH, Beukelman CJ, van den Berg AJ, Wolbink GJ, van Dijk H, Labadie RP. Inhibition of human complement by beta-glycyrrhetinic acid Immunology. 1997 Jan;90(1):115-20.

Kromhout D. Fish Consumption and sudden cardiac death. JAMA. 1998:279(1):65-66.

Krzeski T, et al. Combined extracts of Urtica dioica and Pygeum africanum in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Kuang AK, Chen JL, Chen MD. [Effects of yang-restoring herb medicines on the levels of plasma corticosterone, testosterone and triiodothyronine]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1989 Dec;9(12):737-8, 710. Chinese.

Kubo K, et al. Anti-diabetic activity present in the fruit body of Grifola frondosa (Maitake). I. Biol Pharm Bull. 1994 Aug;17(8):1106-10. Yukiguni Maitake Co., Ltd. Niigata, Japan.

Kubo K, et al. The effect of maitake mushrooms on liver and serum lipids. Altern Ther Health Med. 1996 Sep;2(5):62-6. Department of Microbial Chemistry, Kobe Pharmaceutical University, Japan.

Kubo M, et al. [Studies on Rehmanniae radix. III. The relation between changes of constituents and improvable effects on hemorheology with the processing of roots of Rehmannia glutinosa]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 1996 Feb;116(2):158-68. Japanese.

Kubo M, et al. Studies on rehmanniae radix. I. Effect of 50% ethanolic extract from steamed and dried rehmanniae radix on hemorheology in arthritic and thrombosic rats. Biol Pharm Bull. 1994 Sep;17(9):1282-6.

Kubo M, Matsuda H, Tani T, Arichi S, Kimura Y, Okuda H. Studies on Scutellariae radix. XII. Anti-thrombic actions of various flavonoids from Scutellariae radix. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1985 Jun;33(6):2411-5.

Kubo, K and Nanba, H. Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products, Anti-Diabetic Mechanism of Maitake (Grifola frondosa), Penn State University Press, 1996.

Kubo, K. et al. 1996. "The effect of maitake mushrooms on liver and serum lipids." Altern Ther Health Med. Sep;2(5):62-6.

Kuemmerle NB, Krieg RJ Jr, Chan W, Trachtman H, Norkus EP, Chan JC Influence of alpha-tocopherol over the time course of experimental IgA nephropathy. Pediatr Nephrol 1999 Feb;13(2):108-12

Kuhlmann J, Berger W, Podzuweit H, Schmidt U. The influence of valerian treatment on "reaction time, alertness and concentration" in volunteers. Pharmacopsychiatry. 1999 Nov;32(6):235-41.

Kulkarni RR, et al. Treatment of osteoarthritis with a herbomineral formulation: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study. J Ethnopharmacol. 1991 May-Jun;33(1-2):91-5. Bryamjee Jeejeebhoy Medical College, University of Poona, Pune, India.

Kumar KC S, et al. Medicinal plants from Nepal; II. Evaluation as inhibitors of lipid peroxidation in biological membranes. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Feb;64(2):135-9. Institute of Pharmacy, University of Regensburg, Germany.

Kumar VP, et al. Effect of "Rasayanas," an herbal drug preparation on cell-mediated immune responses in tumour bearing mice. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 1999;37: 1, 23-26: 17 ref.

Kupin VI, et al. Stimulation of the immunological reactivity of cancer patients by Eleutherococcus extract. Vopr Onkol. 1986;32(7):21-6.

Kurashige S, et al. Effects of Lentinus edodes, Grifola frondosa and Pleurotus ostreatus administration on cancer outbreak, and activities of macrophages and lymphocytes in mice treated with a carcinogen, N-butyl-N-butanolnitrosoamine. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 1997 May;19(2):175-83.

Kuroda Y, et al. Antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic activity of tea polyphenols. Mutat Res. 1999 Jan;436(1):69-97. National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Shizuoka 411-8540, Japan.

Kurokawa M, Nagasaka K, Hirabayashi T, Uyama S, Sato H, Kageyama T, Kadota S, Ohyama H, Hozumi T, Namba T, et al. Efficacy of traditional herbal medicines in combination with acyclovir against herpes simplex virus type 1 infection in vitro and in vivo. Antiviral Res. 1995 May;27(1-2):19-37.

Kurokawa M, Nakano M, Ohyama H, Hozumi T, Kageyama S, Namba T, Shiraki K Prophylactic efficacy of traditional herbal medicines against recurrent herpes simplex virus type 1 infection from latently infected ganglia in mice. J Dermatol Sci 1997 Jan;14(1):76-84.

Kushi LH, Meyer KA, Jacobs DR Jr. Cereals, legumes, and chronic disease risk reduction: evidence from epidemiologic studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Sep;70(3 Suppl):451S-458S. Review.

Kwan CY. Vascular effects of selected antihypertensive drugs derived from traditional medicinal herbs. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 1995 Dec;22 Suppl 1:S297-9. Review. Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Kyo E et al. Anti-allergic effects of aged garlic extract. Phytomedicine. 1997;4:4, 335-340:39 ref.

Kyo E, et al. Immunomodulation and antitumor activities of aged garlic extract. Phytomedicine. 1998;5:4, 259-267:55 ref.

Kyo R, Nakahata N, Sakakibara I, Kubo M, Ohizumi Y. Baicalin and baicalein, constituents of an important medicinal plant, inhibit intracellular Ca2+ elevation by reducing phospholipase C activity in C6 rat glioma cells. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1998 Oct;50(10):1179-82.

Labriola, D. Complementary Cancer Therapies. Roseville: Prima Publishing, 2000.

Lad, V. Ayurveda: The Science of Self-Healing. Santa Fe: Lotus Press, 1984.

Ladekjaer-Mikkelsen AS, Jensen H, Rosenberg T, Jorgensen AL. [Molecular genetics of red-green color blindness]. Ugeskr Laeger. 1995 Aug 28;157(35):4808-12. Review. Danish.

Lagouri V, Boskou D. Nutrient antioxidants in oregano. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 1996 Nov;47(6):493-7.

Lahiri-Chatterjee M, et al. A flavonoid antioxidant, silymarin, affords exceptionally high protection against tumor promotion in the SENCAR mouse skin tumorigenesis model. Cancer Res. 1999 Feb 1;59(3):622-32. Department of Dermatology, Skin Diseases Research Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA.

Lai XL, Tang B. [Recent advances in the experimental study and clinical application of Pueraria lobata (Willd) Ohwi]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1989 May;14(5):308-11, 277. Review.

Lal B, Kapoor AK, Asthana OP, Agrawal PK, Prasad R, Kumar P, Srimal RC. Efficacy of curcumin in the management of chronic anterior uveitis. Phytother Res. 1999 Jun;13(4):318-22. Department of Ophthalmology, K.G. Medical College, Lucknow, India.

L'Allemain G. [Multiple actions of EGCG, the main component of green tea]. Bull Cancer (Paris). 1999 Sep;86(9):721-4. French.

Lamm DL, Riggs DR. The potential application of Allium sativum (garlic) for the treatment of bladder cancer. Urol Clin North Am. 2000 Feb;27(1):157-62, xi. Review.

Lampe JW. Health effects of vegetables and fruit: assessing mechanisms of action in human experimental studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Sep;70(3 Suppl):475S-490S. Review

Langner E, et al. Ginger: history and use. Adv Ther. 1998 Jan-Feb;15(1):25-44. Review.

Lanthony P, Cosson JP. [The course of color vision in early diabetic retinopathy treated with Ginkgo biloba extract. A preliminary double-blind versus placebo study]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 1988;11(10):671-4. French.

Laplaud PM, et al. Antioxidant action of Vaccinium myrtillus extract on human low density lipoproteins in vitro: initial observations. Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 1997;11(1):35-40

Larsen W.Cow Urine and Bacteriocins. Sci News 1999 Apr 4;153(14): 211.

Larsson PA. [Diverticulitis is increasing among the elderly. Significant cause of morbidity and mortality]. Lakartidningen. 1997 Oct 22;94(43):3837-40, 3842. Review. Swedish

Lau BH, et al. Garlic compounds modulate macrophage and T-lymphocyte functions. Mol. Biother. 1991;Jun;3(2):103-7.

Lazarev, N.V. et al. 1965. "Antiblastomogenic drugs." Vopr Onkol. 11(12):48-54.

Leahy P, Croniger C, Hanson RW. Molecular and cellular adaptations to carbohydrate and fat intake. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1999 Apr;53 Suppl 1:S6-13. Review.

Leathwood PD, Chauffard F, Heck E, Munoz-Box R. Aqueous extract of valerian root (Valeriana officinalis L.) improves sleep quality in man. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1982 Jul;17(1):65-71.

Leathwood PD, Chauffard F. Aqueous extract of valerian reduces latency to fall asleep in man. Planta Med. 1985 Apr;(2):144-8.

Lebuisson DA, Leroy L, Rigal G. [Treatment of senile macular degeneration with Ginkgo biloba extract. A preliminary double-blind drug vs. placebo study]. Presse Med. 1986 Sep 25;15(31):1556-8. French.

Lee BW, Wain JC, Kelsey KT, Wiencke JK, Christiani DC. Association between diet and lung cancer location. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 Oct;158(4):1197-203.

Lee CD, Blair SN, Jackson AS 1999 Cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men. Am J Clin Nutr Mar;69(3):373-80 Division of Epidemiology & Clinical Applications, Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, TX, USA.

Lee CK, Chang MH. Four new triterpenes from the heartwood of melaleuca leucadendron. J Nat Prod. 1999 Jul;62(7):1003-5.

Lee E, Park KK, Lee JM, Chun KS, Kang JY, Lee SS, Surh YJ. Suppression of mouse skin tumor promotion and induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells by Alpinia oxyphylla Miquel (Zingiberaceae). Carcinogenesis. 1998 Aug;19(8):1377-81.

Lee HJ, et al. A sesquiterpene, dehydrocostus lactone, inhibits the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and TNF-alpha in LPS-activated macrophages. Planta Medica. 1999;65:2, 104-108:18 ref.

Lee MK, Choi YJ, Sung SH, Shin DI, Kim JW, Kim YC. Antihepatotoxic activity of icariin, a major constituent of Epimedium koreanum. Planta Med. 1995 Dec;61(6):523-6.

Lee SY, et al. Cardiovascular effects of mycelium extract of Ganoderma lucidum: inhibition of sympathetic outflow as a mechanism of its hypotensive action. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1990 May;38(5):1359-64.

Lee TY, Lam TH. Allergic contact dermatitis due to a Chinese orthopaedic solution tieh ta yao gin. Contact Dermatitis. 1993 Feb;28(2):89-90.

Lee Ym, Kim H, Choi HS, Kang BH, Han YB, Kim SJ. Effects of water extract of 1:1 mixture of Phellodendron cortex and Aralia cortex on polyol pathway and oxidative damage in lenses of diabetic rats. Phytother Res. 1999 Nov;13(7):555-560.

Lee YS, et al. Activation of multiple effector pathways of immune system by the antineoplastic immunostimulator acidic polysaccharide ginsan isolated from Panax ginseng. Anticancer Res. 1997;Jan-Feb;17(1A):323-31.

Lei XL, et al. Cardiovascular pharmacology of Panax notoginseng (Burk) F.H. Chen and Salvia miltiorrhiza. Am J Chin Med. 1986;14(3-4):145-52.

Lemaire I, et al. Stimulation of interleukin-1 and -6 production in alveolar macrophages by the neotropical liana, Uncaria tomentosa. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999;Feb;64(2):109-15.

Lemole GM. The role of lymphstasis in atherogenesis. Ann Thorac Surg. 1981 Mar;31(3):290-3. Review.

Leske MC, Wu SY, Hennis A, Connell AM, Hyman L, Schachat A. Diabetes, hypertension, and central obesity as cataract risk factors in a black population. The Barbados Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 1999 Jan;106(1):35-41.

Lessell S. Nutritional amblyopia. J Neuroophthalmol. 1998 Jun;18(2):106-11. Review Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Leung AW, et al. Reduction of cellular damage induced by cerebral ischemia in rats. Neurochem Res. 1991 Jun;16(6):687-92. Department of Biochemistry, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T.

Leung SO, et al. The immunosuppressive activities of two abortifacient proteins isolated from the seeds of bitter melon (Momordica charantia). Immunopharmacology. 1987;Jun;13(3):159-71.

Levin B. et al. Functional Medicine in Natural Medicine, in A Textbook of Natural Medicine , sec. I, FuncMd-1, Seattle: John Bastyr College Publications, 1989.

Levine, SA and Kidd, PM, 1986 Antioxidant Adaption: Its role in Free Radical Pathology, San Leandro: Allergy Research Group.

Lewis WH, et al. No adaptogen response of mice to ginseng and Eleutherococcus infusions. J Ethnopharmacol. 1983 Aug;8(2):209-14

Ley SV. Synthesis of antifeedants for insects: novel behaviour-modifying chemicals from plants. Ciba Found Symp. 1990;154:80-7; discussion 87-98. Review.

Li AL, Shi YD, Landsmann B, Schanowski-Bouvier P, Dikta G, Bauer U, Artmann GM. Hemorheology and walking of peripheral arterial occlusive diseases patients during treatment with Ginkgo biloba extract. Chung Kuo Yao Li Hsueh Pao. 1998 Sep;19(5):417-21.

Li C, Littlejohn RP, Suttie JM Effects of insulin-like growth factor 1 and testosterone on the proliferation of antlerogenic cells in vitro. J Exp Zool 1999;Jun 15;284(1):82-90.

Li L [Effects of svate on platelet morphology and function in patients with coronary heart disease and hypertension]. Chung Hua Hsin Hsueh Kuan Ping Tsa Chih 1991 Jun;19(3):183-5, 198 [Article in Chinese] Affiliated Hospital, Jiamusi Medical College, Heilongjiang.

Li L. Rheum officinale: a new lead in preventing progression of chronic renal failure. Chin Med J (Engl). 1996 Jan;109(1):35-7.

Li LS, et al. [Experimental study on effect of Cordyceps sinensis in ameliorating aminoglycoside induced nephrotoxicity]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1996 Dec;16(12):733-7. Chinese

Li LS, Liu ZH. [Clinical and experimental studies of rheum on preventing progression of chronic renal failure]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1991 Jul;11(7):392-6, 387. Chinese.

Li MH, Zhang HL, Yang BY. [Effects of ginkgo leave concentrated oral liquor in treating asthma]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1997 Apr;17(4):216-8. Chinese.

Li P, Fujio S. Effects of chai ling tang on proteinuria in rat models. J Tradit Chin Med. 1995 Mar;15(1):48-52.

Li PC, Poon KT, Ko KM Schisandra chinensis-dependent myocardial protective action of sheng-mai-san in rats. Am J Chin Med 1996;24(3-4):255-62. Department of Biochemistry, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong.

Li SQ, Yuan RX, Gao H. [Clinical observation on the treatment of ischemic heart disease with Astragalus membranaceus]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1995 Feb;15(2):77-80. Chinese.

Li W, Asada Y, Yoshikawa T. Antimicrobial flavonoids from Glycyrrhiza glabra hairy root cultures. Planta Med. 1998 Dec;64(8):746-7.

Li X, Hu S, Yang L. [Analysis of Trace elements in processed products of Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1991 May;16(5):279-80, 317-8.

Li XY. Immunomodulating Chinese herbal medicines. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz. 1991;86(Suppl 2):159-64.

Li Z. [Progress in pharmacologic research on Scutellaria baicalensis]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1989 Nov;9(11):698-700. Review. Chinese.

Liang H, Wang Z, Tian F, Geng B. [Effects of Astragalus polysaccharides and ginsenosides of Ginseng stems and leaves on lymphocytes membrane fluidity and lipid peroxidation in traumatized mice]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1995 Sep;20(9):558-60, inside backcover. Chinese

Liang YC, Huang YT, Tsai SH, Lin-Shiau SY, Chen CF, Lin JK. Suppression of inducible cyclooxygenase and inducible nitric oxide synthase by apigenin and related flavonoids in mouse macrophages. Carcinogenesis. 1999 Oct;20(10):1945-52.

Liao HJ, Chen XM, Li WG. [Effect of Epimedium sagittatum on quality of life and cellular immunity in patients of hemodialysis maintenance]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1995 Apr;15(4):202-4. Chinese.

Lichius JJ, et al. The inhibiting effects of Urtica dioica root extracts on experimentally induced prostatic hyperplasia in the mouse. Planta Med. 1997 Aug;63(4):307-10. Institut fur Pharmazeutische Biologie, Philipps-Universitat, Marburg, Germany.

Lieu CW, et al. The effect of Ganoderma lucidum on induction of differentiation in leukemic U937 cells. Anticancer Res. 1992;Jul-Aug;12(4):1211-5.

Lim BO, Yu BP, Kim SC, Park DK. The antioxidative effect of ganhuangenin against lipid peroxidation. Phytother Res. 1999 Sep;13(6):479-83. Department of Physiology, The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas, 78284-7756, USA.

Lin CC, et al. Anti-inflammatory and radical scavenge effects of Arctium lappa. Am J Chin Med. 1996;24(2):127-37.

Lin CY, et al. Inhibition of activated human mesangial cell proliferation by the natural product of Cordyceps sinensis (H1-A): an implication for treatment of IgA mesangial nephropathy. J Lab Clin Med. 1999 Jan;133(1):55-63.

Lin JK, Chen YC, Huang YT, Lin-Shiau SY. Suppression of protein kinase C and nuclear oncogene expression as possible molecular mechanisms of cancer chemoprevention by apigenin and curcumin. J Cell Biochem Suppl. 1997;28-29:39-48. Review.

Lin MT, Liu GG, Wu WL, Chern YF. Effects of Chinese herb, Huang Chin (Scutellaria baicalensis George) on thermoregulation in rats. Jpn J Pharmacol. 1980 Feb;30(1):59-64.

Lin RC, Li TK. Effects of isoflavones on alcohol pharmacokinetics and alcohol-drinking behavior in rats. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Dec;68(6 Suppl):1512S-1515S. Review.

Lindahl O, Lindwall L. Double blind study of a valerian preparation. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1989 Apr;32(4):1065-6.

Linde, K. et al. 1996. "St. John's Wort for depression - an overview and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials." BMJ. Aug 3;313(7052):253-8.

Lindsay RH, Hill JB, Gaitan E, Cooksey RC, Jolley RL Antithyroid effects of coal-derived pollutants. J Toxicol Environ Health 1992 Dec;37(4):467-81 Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama

Ling M, Piddlesden SJ, Morgan BP. A component of the medicinal herb ephedra blocks activation in the classical and alternative pathways of complement. Clin Exp Immunol. 1995 Dec;102(3):582-8.

Lintschinger J, Fuchs N, Moser H, Jager R, Hlebeina T, Markolin G, Gossler W. Uptake of various trace elements during germination of wheat, buckwheat and quinoa. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1997;50(3):223-37. Karl-Franzens Universitat Graz, Institut fur Analytische Chemie, Austria.

Lithgow DM, Politzer WM. Vitamin A in the treatment of menorrhagia. S Afr Med J. 1977 Feb 12;51(7):191-3.

Liu F, Ding G, Li J. [Effects of Epimedium sagittatum Maxim. Polysaccharides on DNA synthesis of bone marrow cells of "yang deficiency" animal model caused by hydroxyurea]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1991 Oct;16(10):620-2, inside back cover. Chinese.

Liu F, Ooi VEC, Fung MC. Analysis of immunomodulating cytokine mRNAs in the mouse induced by mushroom polysaccharides. Life Sciences. 1999;64:12, 1005-1011:25 ref.

Liu FJ, Zhang YX, Lau . Pycnogenol enhances immune and haemopoietic functions in senescence-accelerated mice. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 1998;54: 10, 1168-1172: 34 ref.

Liu GZ, et al. Studies on the chemical constituents and pharmacological actions of dangshen, Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.J Tradit Chin Med. 1988;Mar;8(1):41-7.

Liu J. [Experimental study of the effect of IH764-3, a potent component isolated from salviae milltiorrhize, against pulmonary fibrosis]. Chung Kuo I Hsueh Ko Hsueh Yuan Hsueh Pao. 1992 Aug;14(4):250-6. Institute of Hematology, Tianjin.

Liu JN, et al. B cell stimulating activity of seaweed extracts. International Journal of Immunopharmacology. 1997;19(3):135-142: 18 ref.

Liu JQ, Wu DW. [32 cases of postoperative osteogenic sarcoma treated by chemotherapy combined with Chinese medicinal herbs]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1993 Mar;13(3):150-2, 132. Chinese.

Liu KT, et al. Pharmacological properties of Dibenzo[a,c]cyclooctene derivatives isolated from Fructus Schizandrae Chinensis III. Inhibitory effects on carbon tetrachloride-induced lipid peroxidation, metabolism and covalent binding of carbon tetrachloride to lipids. Chem Biol Interact. 1982 Jul 15;41(1):39-47.

Liu M, et al. [The experimental study of the effect of insulin and danshen on culture of fibroblast in vitro]. Chung Kuo Hsiu Fu Chung Chien Wai Ko Tsa Chih. 1998 Jan;12(1):52-4. Department of Pediatric Surgery, First University Hospital, West China University of Medical Sciences, Chengdu, P. R. China.

Liu Y, Longmore RB. Dietary sandalwood seed oil modifies fatty acid composition of mouse adipose tissue, brain, and liver. Lipids. 1997 Sep;32(9):965-9.

Lo AC, et al. Danggui (Angelica sinensis) affects the pharmacodynamics but not the pharmacokinetics of warfarin in rabbits. Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 1995 Jan-Mar;20(1):55-60.

Lockwood K, Moesgaard S, Folkers K. Partial and complete regression of breast cancer in patients in relation to dosage of coenzyme Q10. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 Mar 30;199(3):1504-8.

Lockwood K, Moesgaard S, Yamamoto T, Folkers K. Progress on therapy of breast cancer with vitamin Q10 and the regression of metastases. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995 Jul 6;212(1):172-7.

Long WJ & Mong LC. One Hundred Anti-cancer Formulas (Kong gai zhone yao yi qian feng). Beijing: Chinese Medicine Science Publishers, 1992.

Losche W, Michel E, Heptinstall S, Krause S, Groenewegen WA, Pescarmona GP, Thielmann K. Inhibition of the behaviour of human polynuclear leukocytes by an extract of Chrysanthemum parthenium. Planta Med. 1988 Oct;54(5):381-4.

Lotz-Winter H On the pharmacology of bromelain: an update with special regard to animal studies on dose-dependent effects. Planta Med 1990 Jun;56(3):249-53.

Lu BJ, Rong YZ, Zhao MH [Effect of sheng mai san on lipid peroxidation in acute myocardial infarction patients]. [Article in Chinese] Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih 1994 Dec;14(12):712-4 Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Second Medical University.

Lu SC. Regulation of hepatic glutathione synthesis. Semin Liver Dis. 1998;18(4):331-43. Review.

Lu SC. Regulation of hepatic glutathione synthesis: current concepts and controversies. FASEB J. 1999 Jul;13(10):1169-83. Review.

Lucas PW, Darvell BW, Lee PK, Yuen TD, Choong MF. Colour cues for leaf food selection by long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) with a new suggestion for the evolution of trichromatic colour vision. Folia Primatol (Basel). 1998;69(3):139-52.

Lummen P. Complex I inhibitors as insecticides and acaricides. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 May 6;1364(2):287-96. Review.

Lumsden CE. The neuropathology of multiple sclerosis: Multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases. In: Vinken P. Bruyn GW, eds. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, vol. 9. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing 1970: 217-309.

Luo HM, Dai RH, Li Y. [Nuclear cardiology study on effective ingredients of Astragalus membranaceus in treating heart failure]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1995 Dec;15(12):707-9. Chinese. Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical University.

Luo JA, Peng YM, Xia YC, Lei Y. [Therapeutic effects of Chinese drugs on early renal damage of rats caused by fish bile]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1993 Feb;13(2):98-9, 70. Dept. of Nephrology, 2nd affiliated Hospital, Hunan Medical University, Changsha.

Luo ZH. [The use of Chinese traditional medicines to improve impaired immune functions in scald mice]. Chung Hua Cheng Hsing Shao Shang Wai Ko Tsa Chih. 1993 Jan;9(1):56-8, 80. Chinese.

Luper S. A review of plants used in the treatment of liver disease: part 1. Altern Med Rev. 1998 Dec;3(6):410-21. Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine: 2140 East Broadway Rd. Tempe, AZ 85282, USA. lupers@cwix.com.

Lusher JM. Systemic causes of excessive uterine bleeding. Semin Hematol. 1999 Jul;36(3 Suppl 4):10-20. Review.

Lux G, Langer M, Stabenow-Lohbauer U, Orth KH, Bozkurt T, Meyer MJ. [Diverticulosis and diverticulitis in the elderly]. Fortschr Med. 1998 Mar 30;116(9):26-8, 30, 32-4. Review. German.

Lykke, Jr., AF (US Army Col., Ret.). Defining Military Strategy Military Review, January-February 1997.

Ma J, Peng A, Lin S. Mechanisms of the therapeutic effect of astragalus membranaceus on sodium and water retention in experimental heart failure. Chin Med J (Engl). 1998 Jan;111(1):17-23.

Ma LY, et al. Effect of saponins of Panax notoginseng on synaptosomal 45Ca uptake. Chung Kuo Yao Li Hsueh Pao. 1997 May;18(3):213-5. Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

MacLaren RE. Re-establishment of visual circuitry after optic nerve regeneration. Eye. 1999 Jun;13 ( Pt 3a):277-84. Review.

Macrae F. Wheat bran fiber and development of adenomatous polyps: evidence from randomized, controlled clinical trials. Am J Med. 1999 Jan 25;106(1A):38S-42S. Review.

Madhavakara, Madhava Nidanam, trans. Prof KR Srikanta Murthy, chap. 8, Delhi: Chaukhambha Orientalia Books, 1995.

Mahmud N, Molloy A, McPartlin J, Corbally R, Whitehead AS, Scott JM, Weir DG Increased prevalence of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T variant in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, and its clinical implications. Gut 1999 Sep;45(3):389-94.

Mahoney FJ, Stewart K, Hu H, Coleman P, Alter MJ Progress toward the elimination of hepatitis B virus transmission among health care workers in the United States. Arch Intern Med 1997 Dec 8 22;157(22):2601-5 Hepatitis Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA.

Maity S, Vedasiromoni JR, Ganguly DK. Role of glutathione in the antiulcer effect of hot water extract of black tea (Camellia sinensis). Jpn J Pharmacol. 1998 Nov;78(3):285-92. Division of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Calcutta.

Majamaa H, Isolauri E. Probiotics: a novel approach in the management of food allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1997 Feb;99(2):179-85.

Majamaa H, Laine S, Miettinen A. Eosinophil protein X and eosinophil cationic protein as indicators of intestinal inflammation in infants with atopic eczema and food allergy. Clin Exp Allergy. 1999 Nov;29(11):1502-6.

Majamaa H, Laine S, Miettinen A. Eosinophil protein X and eosinophil cationic protein as indicators of intestinal inflammation in infants with atopic eczema and food allergy. Clin Exp Allergy. 1999 Nov;29(11):1502-6.

Malathi A, Damodaran A. Stress due to exams in medical students--role of yoga. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1999 Apr;43(2):218-24.

Malini MM, Baskar R, Varalakshmi P. Effect of lupeol, a pentacyclic triterpene, on urinary enzymes in hyperoxaluric rats. Jpn J Med Sci Biol. 1995 Oct-Dec;48(5-6):211-20.

Manna SK, Mukhopadhyay A, Van NT, Aggarwal BB. Silymarin suppresses TNF-induced activation of NF-kappa B, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and apoptosis. J Immunol. 1999 Dec 15;163(12):6800-9.

Mannel DN, et al. Induction of tumor necrosis factor expression by a lectin from Viscum album. Cancer Immunol Immunother. 1991;33(3):177-82.

Manousos O, Day NE, Trichopoulos D, Gerovassilis F, Tzonou A, Polychronopoulou A. Diet and colorectal cancer: a case-control study in Greece. Int J Cancer. 1983 Jul 15;32(1):1-5.

Maquart FX, et al. Triterpenes from Centella asiatica stimulate extracellular matrix accumulation in rat experimental wounds. Eur J Dermatol. 1999 Jun;9(4):289-96

Mares-Perlman JA, Brady WE, Klein R, VandenLangenberg GM, Klein BE, Palta M. Dietary fat and age-related maculopathy. Arch Ophthalmol. 1995 Jun;113(6):743-8.

Maridonneau, I. et al. 1981. Flavonoids and Bioflavonoids: Proceedings of the 6th Hungarian Bioflavonoid Symposium. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Marini A, Agosti M, Motta G, Mosca F. Effects of a dietary and environmental prevention programme on the incidence of allergic symptoms in high atopic risk infants: three years' follow-up. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1996 May;414:1-21.

Marinkovich V. Specific IgG antibodies as markers of adverse reactions to foods. Monogr Allergy. 1996;32:221-5. Review.

Martin AS; et al., Antioxidant action of Vaccinium myrtillus L. Proceedings of the second international symposium on natural drugs, Maretea, Italy, 28 September -1 October, 1997., Phytotherapy Research. 1998, 12: Supplement 1, S104-S106: 11.

Mathew S, Kuttan G. Immunomodulatory and antitumour activities of Tinospora cordifolia. Fitoterapia. 1999;70:1, 35-43:19 ref.

Mathew S, Kuttan G. Immunomodulatory and antitumour activities of Tinospora cordifolia. Fitoterapia. 1999;70: 1, 35-43: 19 ref.

Mathur R, et al. Hypolipidaemic effect of fruit juice of Emblica officinalis in cholesterol-fed rabbits. J Ethnopharmacol. 1996 Feb;50(2):61-8. Department of Home Science (Food and Nutrition), University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India.

Matsuda H, et al. Studies on Kochiae Fructus IV. Anti-allergic effects of 70% ethanol extract and its component, momordin Ic from dried fruits of Kochia scoparia L. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 1997;20:11, 1165-1170:10 ref.

Matsui, M. et al. 1996. "Evaluation of the genotoxicity of stevioside and steviol using six in vitro and one in vivo mutagenicity assays." Mutagenesis. Nov;11(6):573-9.

Matsumoto T, et al. Regulation of immune complexes binding of macrophages by pectic polysaccharide from Bupleurum falcatum L.: pharmacological evidence for the requirement of intracellular calcium/calmodulin on Fc receptor up-regulation by bupleuran 2IIb. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1995 Feb;47(2):152-6.

Matthews DA, McCullough ME, Larson DB, Koenig HG, Swyers JP, Milano MG. Religious commitment and health status: a review of the research and implications for family medicine. Arch Fam Med. 1998 Mar-Apr;7(2):118-24. Review.

Mauthe RJ, Snyderwine EG, Ghoshal A, Freeman SP, Turteltaub KW. Distribution and metabolism of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in female rats and their pups at dietary doses. Carcinogenesis. 1998 May;19(5):919-24.

Maxwell SR. Antioxidant vitamin supplements: update of their potential benefits and possible risks. Drug Saf. 1999 Oct;21(4):253-66. Review.

Mayer L. Mucosal immunity and gastrointestinal antigen processing. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2000;30 Suppl:S4-12. Review.

Mazo VK, Gmoshinskii IV, Sokolova AG, Zorin SN, Danilina LL, Litvinova AV, Radchenko SN. [Effect of biologically active food additives containing autolysate of baker's yeast and spirulina on intestinal permeability in an experiment]. Vopr Pitan. 1999;68(1):17-9. Russian.

Mazzanti G, Tita B, Bolle P, Bonanomi M, Piccinelli D. A comparative study of behavioural and autonomic effects of atropine and Atropa belladonna. Pharmacol Res Commun. 1988 Dec;20 Suppl 5:49-53.

McGarey, W, Edgar Cayce and the Palma Christi. Edgar Cayce Foundation, Virginia beach, 1970.

McGrady A, Horner J. Role of mood in outcome of biofeedback assisted relaxation therapy in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 1999 Mar;24(1):79-88.

McGuffin, M. et al. 1997. American Herbal Product Association's Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

McManus OB, Harris GH, Giangiacomo KM, Feigenbaum P, Reuben JP, Addy ME, Burka JF, Kaczorowski GJ, Garcia ML. An activator of calcium-dependent potassium channels isolated from a medicinal herb. Biochemistry. 1993 Jun 22;32(24):6128-33.

Mehra KS, Mikuni I, Gupta U, Gode KD Curcuma longa (Linn) drops in corneal wound healing. Tokai J Exp Clin Med 1984 Mar;9(1):27-31

Melchart D, et al. Results of five randomized studies on the immunomodulatory activity of preparations of Echinacea. J Altern Complement Med. 1995 Summer;1(2):145-60.

Melis MS. A crude extract of Stevia rebaudiana increases the renal plasma flow of normal and hypertensive rats. Braz J Med Biol Res. 1996 May;29(5):669-75.

Melis MS. Chronic administration of aqueous extract of Stevia rebaudiana in rats: renal effects. J Ethnopharmacol. 1995 Jul 28;47(3):129-34.

Melo PA, do Nascimento MC, Mors WB, Suarez-Kurtz G. Inhibition of the myotoxic and hemorrhagic activities of crotalid venoms by Eclipta prostrata (Asteraceae) extracts and constituents. Toxicon. 1994 May;32(5):595-603.

Meuss, A.R., trans. 1988. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield: Beaconsfield Publishers, Ltd.

Meydani SN, Ha WK. Immunologic effects of yogurt. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Apr;71(4):861-72. Review.

Meyer B. [Multicenter randomized double-blind drug vs. placebo study of the treatment of tinnitus with Ginkgo biloba extract]. Presse Med. 1986 Sep 25;15(31):1562-4. French.

Meyer TJ. Evaluation and management of insomnia. Hosp Pract (Off Ed). 1998 Dec 15;33(12):75-8, 83-6. Review.

Michie CA, Cooper E. Frankincense and myrrh as remedies in children. J R Soc Med. 1991 Oct;84(10):602-5.

Micklefield GH, et al. Effects of ginger on gastroduodenal motility. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1999 Jul;37(7):341-6.

Middleton E Jr, Kandaswami C. Effects of flavonoids on immune and inflammatory cell functions. Biochem Pharmacol. 1992 Mar 17;43(6):1167-79. Review.

Milewicz A, Gejdel E, Sworen H, Sienkiewicz K, Jedrzejak J, Teucher T, Schmitz H. [Vitex agnus castus extract in the treatment of luteal phase defects due to latent hyperprolactinemia. Results of a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study]. Arzneimittelforschung. 1993 Jul;43(7):752-6. German.

Miller AL. Botanical influences on cardiovascular disease. Altern Med Rev. 1998 Dec;3(6):422-31. Review.

Miller LG. Herbal medicinals: selected clinical considerations focusing on known or potential drug-herb interactions. Arch Intern Med. 1998 Nov 9;158(20):2200-11

Miller MB, et al. Treatment of experimental frostbite with pentoxifylline and aloe vera cream. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995 Jun;121(6):678-80.

Mishra AK, Singh N, Sharma VP. Use of neem oil as a mosquito repellent in tribal villages of mandla district, madhya pradesh. Indian J Malariol. 1995 Sep;32(3):99-103.

Mishra M, et al. Emblica officinalis Gaertn and serum cholesterol level in experimental rabbits. Br J Exp Pathol. 1981 Oct;62(5):526-8.

Misra R. Modern drug development from traditional medicinal plants using radioligand receptor-binding assays. Med Res Rev. 1998 Nov;18(6):383-402. Review.

Mitchell, W. Plant Medicine. Seattle: Private publication, 1998.

Mitra SK, et al. Effect of D-400, a herbomineral formulation on liver glycogen content and microscopic structure of pancreas and liver in streptozotocin induced diabetes in rats. Indian J Exp Biol. 1996 Oct;34(10):964-7.

Miura S, Fujimori H, Koseki S, Hokari R [Mucosal immune system of the intestine]. Nippon Rinsho 1998 Sep;56(9):2228-34 [Japanese].

Miura S, Tsuzuki Y, Hokari R, Ishii H. Modulation of intestinal immune system by dietary fat intake: relevance to Crohn's disease. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1998 Dec;13(12):1183-90. Review.

Moffat BA, Landman KA, Truscott RJ, Sweeney MH, Pope JM. Age-related changes in the kinetics of water transport in normal human lenses. Exp Eye Res. 1999 Dec;69(6):663-9.

Moller SE. Serotonin, carbohydrates, and atypical depression. Pharmacol Toxicol. 1992;71 Suppl 1:61-71. Review.

Monboisse JC, Braquet P, Borel JP. Oxygen free radicals as mediators of collagen breakage. Agents Actions 15:49-50, 1984.

Montanari A, Chen J, Widmer W. Citrus flavonoids: a review of past biological activity against disease. Discovery of new flavonoids from Dancy tangerine cold pressed peel oil solids and leaves. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1998;439:103-16. Review.

Moon A, Kim SH Effect of Glycyrrhiza glabra roots and glycyrrhizin on the glucuronidation in rats Planta Med. 1997 Apr;63(2):115-9.

Morcos NC. Modulation of lipid profile by fish oil and garlic combination. J Natl Med Assoc. 1997 Oct;89(10):673-8.

Morgan AG, McAdam WA, Pacsoo C, Darnborough A. Comparison between cimetidine and Caved-S in the treatment of gastric ulceration, and subsequent maintenance therapy. Gut. 1982 Jun;23(6):545-51.

Morgan AG, Pacsoo C, McAdam WA. Maintenance therapy: a two year comparison between Caved-S and cimetidine treatment in the prevention of symptomatic gastric ulcer recurrence. Gut. 1985 Jun;26(6):599-602.

Morgan AG, Pacsoo C, Taylor P, McAdam WA. Does Caved-S decrease the gastric ulcer relapse rate during maintenance treatment with ranitidine? Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1987 Dec;1(6):633-8.

Mori H, Fuchigami M, Inoue N, Nagai H, Koda A, Nishioka I, Meguro K. Principle of the bark of Phellodendron amurense to suppress the cellular immune response: effect of phellodendrine on cellular and humoral immune responses. Planta Med. 1995 Feb;61(1):45-9.

Mori H, Fuchigami M, Inoue N, Nagai H, Koda A, Nishioka I. Principle of the bark of Phellodendron amurense to suppress the cellular immune response. Planta Med. 1994 Oct;60(5):445-9.

Mori H, Xu Q, Sakamoto O, Uesugi Y, Koda A, Nishioka I. Mechanisms of antitumor activity of aqueous extracts from Chinese herbs: their immunopharmacological properties. Jpn J Pharmacol. 1989 Mar;49(3):423-31.

Morigiwa A, et al. Angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitory triterpenes from Ganoderma lucidum. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1986 Jul;34(7):3025-8.

Morita K, et al. A desmutagenic factor isolated from burdock (Arctium lappa Linne). Mutat Res. 1984 Oct;129(1):25-31.

Morita K, Matsueda T, Iida T. [Effect of green vegetable on digestive tract absorption of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans in rats]. Fukuoka Igaku Zasshi. 1999 May;90(5):171-83. Japanese.

Morrison, J. and Svoboda, R. 1995. The Book of Ayurveda: A Holistic Approach to Health and Longevity. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Mors WB. Plants against snake-bites. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 1991;86 Suppl 2:193.

Morse DR, Schacterle GR, Furst L, Zaydenberg M, Pollack RL. Oral digestion of a complex-carbohydrate cereal: effects of stress and relaxation on physiological and salivary measures. Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Jan;49(1):97-105

Motoyama, H Theories of the Chakras : Bridge to Higher Consciousness London: Theosophical Publishing House, 1989 ISBN: 0835605515.

Motoyama, H. The functional relationship between Yoga asanas and acupuncture meridians, 1971 (Unpublished manuscript).

Mrda Z, Zivanovic M, Rasic J, Gajin S, Somer L, Trbojevic S, Majoros J, Petrovic Z [Therapy of Helicobacter pylori infection using Lactobacillus acidophilus]. [Article in Serbo-Croatian (Roman)] Med Pregl 1998 Jul-Aug;51(7-8):343-5 Institut za interne bolesti, Medicinski Fakultet, Novi Sad.

Mueller EA, et al. Chemical specificity of effector cell/tumor cell bridging by a Viscum album rhamnogalacturonan enhancing cytotoxicity of human NK cells. Immunopharmacology. 1990;Jan-Feb;19(1):69-77.

Mukherjee S, Lohiya NK, Pal R, Sharma MG, Talwar GP. Purified neem (Azadirachta indica) seed extracts (Praneem) abrogate pregnancy in primates. Contraception. 1996 Jun;53(6):375-8.

Muldner H, Zoller M. [Antidepressive effect of a Hypericum extract standardized to an active hypericine complex. Biochemical and clinical studies]. Arzneimittelforschung. 1984;34(8):918-20. German.

Mungantiwar AA, et al. Studies on the immunomodulatory effects of Boerhaavia diffusa alkaloidal fraction. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999;May;65(2):125-31.

Munte TF, Heinze HJ, Matzke M, Steitz J. Effects of oxazepam and an extract of kava roots (Piper methysticum) on event-related potentials in a word recognition task. Neuropsychobiology. 1993;27(1):46-53.

Murayama T, et al. Agrimoniin, an antitumor tannin of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb., induces interleukin-1. Anticancer Res. 1992;Sep-Oct;12(5):1471-4.

Murch SJ, Simmons CB, Saxena PK. Melatonin in feverfew and other medicinal plants. Lancet. 1997 Nov 29;350(9091):1598-9.

Murphy JJ, Heptinstall S, Mitchell JR. Randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial of feverfew in migraine prevention. Lancet. 1988 Jul 23;2(8604):189-92.

Murphy LL, et al. Effect of American ginseng (Panax quinquefolium) on male copulatory behavior in the rat. Physiol Behav. 1998 Jun 15;64(4):445-50.

Murray CJL and Lopez AD, Global Health Statistics, New York: World Health Organization, 1996, p. 256-258.

Murray, MT, Pizzorno, JE, A Textbook of Natural Medicine , sec. IV, Hepatoprotection-1, Seattle, John Bastyr College Publications, 1989.

Murray, MT, Pizzorno, JE, An Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine .Rocklin: Prima Publishing, 1991.

Murray, MT. , An Encyclopedia of Nutritional Supplements. Rocklin: Prima Publishing, 1996.

Murray, MT. Natural Alternatives to Prozac New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1996.

Murray, MT. The Healing Power of Herbs, Rocklin: Prima Publishing, 1991.

Murthy, K.R., trans. Shamgadhara Samhita: A Treatise on Ayurveda. Chaukhambha Orientalia: Varanasi, India, 1984.

Nabil H et al. Effects of Nigella sativa extracts on antibody response of rats vaccinated with Brucella vaccine (Rev-1). Pharmaceutical Biology. 1998;36:3, 217-221: 24 ref.

Nadkarni, KM Indian Materia Medica 2 vols. Bombay, Popular Prakashan Private, Ltd., 1954.

Nagai K, Hosaka H, Kubo S, Nakabayashi T, Amagasaki Y, Nakamura N. Vitamin A toxicity secondary to excessive intake of yellow-green vegetables, liver and laver. J Hepatol. 1999 Jul;31(1):142-8.

Nagao A, Seki M, Kobayashi H. Inhibition of xanthine oxidase by flavonoids. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1999 Oct;63(10):1787-90.

Nagarkatti DS, et al. Modulation of Kupffer cell activity by Tinospora cordifolia in liver damage. J Postgrad Med. 1994 Apr-Jun;40(2):65-7.

Nahrstedt A, et al. Biologically active and other chemical constituents of the herb of Hypericum perforatum L. Pharmacopsychiatry. 1997 Sep;30 Suppl 2:129-34. Review.

Nakai S; Kawakita T; Himeno K; Nomoto K Combined treatments with Ninjin-youei-to (Ren-shen-yang-rong-tang) plus a suboptimal dose of prednisolone on autoimmune nephritis in MRL/lpr mice. Inter J Immunopharmacology. 1998, 20: 6, 275-284: 35.

Nakamura K, et al. Activation of in vivo Kupffer cell function by oral administration of Cordyceps sinensis in rats. Jpn J Pharmacol. 1999 Apr;79(4):505-8.

Nakamura K, et al. Inhibitory effect of Cordyceps sinensis on spontaneous liver metastasis of Lewis lung carcinoma and B16 melanoma cells in syngeneic mice. Jpn J Pharmacol. 1999 Mar;79(3):335-41

Nakamura Y, Tsumura Y, Tonogai Y, Shibata T. Fecal steroid excretion is increased in rats by oral administration of gymnemic acids contained in Gymnema sylvestre leaves. J Nutr. 1999 Jun;129(6):1214-22.

Nakano T, Noro T, Kamei Y. In vitro promoting activity of human interferon beta production by extracts of marine algae from Japan. Cytotechnology. 1997;25:1/3, 239-241:11 ref.

Namjoshi, AN (editor). The Ayurvedic Formulary of India. New Delhi, Government of India Press, 1978.

Nanba H, et al. Effect of maitake D-fraction on cancer prevention. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1997 Dec 29;833:204-7.

Nanba, H. et al. "Activity of maitake D-fraction to inhibit carcinogenesis and metastasis." Ann NY Acad Sci. Sep30;768:243-5, 1995.

Nanba, H., Hamaguchi, A. & Kuroda, H. 1987. "The chemical structure of an antitumor polysaccharide in mycelia of Cochliobolus miyabeanus." Chem Pharm Bull. Mar;35(3):1285-8.

Nandi P, et al. Dietary chemoprevention of clastogenic effects of 3,4-benzo(a)pyrene by Emblica officinalis Gaertn. fruit extract. Br J Cancer. 1997;76(10):1279-83. Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences, Calcutta, India.

Nathan P. The experimental and clinical pharmacology of St John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum L.). Mol Psychiatry. 1999 Jul;4(4):333-8.

Navis I, Sriganth P, Premalatha B. Dietary curcumin with cisplatin administration modulates tumour marker indices in experimental fibrosarcoma. Pharmacol Res. 1999 Mar;39(3):175-9.

Nepp J, Derbolav A, Haslinger-Akramian J, Mudrich C, Schauersberger J, Wedrich A. [Effect of acupuncture in keratoconjunctivitis sicca]. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd. 1999 Oct;215(4):228-32. German.

Nesbitt PD, et al. Lignans in homemade and commercial products containing flaxseed. Nutr Cancer. 1997;29(3):222-7.

Nestel PJ , et al., Isoflavones from red clover improve systemic arterial compliance but not plasma lipids in menopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab1999 Mar;84(3):895-8 Baker Medical Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia.

Newall C Anderson L, Phillipson JD Herbal Medicines: A Guide for Health-care Professionals London: The Pharmaceutical Press, 1996

Newburger PE, Subrahmanyam YV, Weissman SM. Global analysis of neutrophil gene expression. Curr Opin Hematol. 2000 Jan;7(1):16-20. Review.

Newcomb PA, Egan KM, Titus-Ernstoff L, Trentham-Dietz A, Greenberg ER, Baron JA, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ. Lactation in relation to postmenopausal breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol. 1999 Jul 15;150(2):174-82.

Newmark HL. Squalene, olive oil, and cancer risk. Review and hypothesis. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999;889:193-203. Review.

N'gouemo P, Baldy-Moulinier M, Nguemby-Bina C. Effects of an ethanolic extract of Desmodium adscendens on central nervous system in rodents. J Ethnopharmacol. 1996 Jun;52(2):77-83.

Nguyen GK, Suen KC, Villanueva RR. Needle aspiration cytology of pancreatic cystic lesions. Diagn Cytopathol. 1997 Sep;17(3):177-82.

Nickoloff BJ, Wrone-Smith T. Injection of pre-psoriatic skin with CD4+ T cells induces psoriasis. Am J Pathol. 1999 Jul;155(1):145-58.

Niedergang And Jean-Pierre F. Much ado about M cells. Trends Cell Biol. 2000 Apr;10(4):137-141.

Niijima A, Kubo M, Hashimoto K, Komatsu Y, Maruno M, Okada M. Effect of oral administration of Pinellia ternata, Zingiberis rhizoma and their mixture on the efferent activity of the gastric branch of the vagus nerve in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1998 Dec 11;258(1):5-8.

Niijima A, Okui Y, Kubo M, Higuchi M, Taguchi H, Mitsuhashi H, Maruno M. Effect of Pinellia ternata tuber on the efferent activity of the gastric vagus nerve in the rat. Brain Res Bull. 1993;32(2):103-6.

Ninu L, Ahmad M, Miarelli C, Cashmore AR, Giuliano G. Cryptochrome 1 controls tomato development in response to blue light. Plant J. 1999 Jun;18(5):551-556. [Record as supplied by publisher]

Nityanand S, et al. Clinical trials with gugulipid. A new hypolipidaemic agent. J Assoc Physicians India. 1989 May;37(5):323-8.

Niwa K, Hashimoto M, Morishita S, Yokoyama Y, Mori H, Tamaya T. Preventive effects of Glycyrrhizae radix extract on estrogen-related endometrial carcinogenesis in mice. Jpn J Cancer Res. 1999 Jul;90(7):726-32

Noda Y, et al. Enhanced cytotoxicity of some triterpenes toward leukemia L1210 cells cultured in low pH media: possibility of a new mode of cell killing. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1997 Oct;45(10):1665-70

Nogami M, et al. [Studies on Ganoderma lucidum. VI. Anti-allergic effect. (1)]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 1986 Jul;106(7):594-9. Japanese.

Nolen HW 3rd, et al. Menthol-beta-D-glucuronide: a potential prodrug for treatment of the irritable bowel syndrome. Pharm Res. 1994 Dec;11(12):1707-11 Controlled Release and Biomedical Polymers Department, SRI International, Menlo Park, California 94025.

Nomura Y, et al. [Ameliorating effects of dan-shen and its major ingredient calcium/magnesium lithospermate B on cognitive deficiencies in senescence-accelerated mouse]. Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi. 1997 Oct;110 Suppl 1:142P-147P. Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Nose M, Fujimoto T, Takeda T, Nishibe S, Ogihara Y Structural transformation of lignan compounds in rat gastrointestinal tract. Planta Med. 1992 Dec;58(6):520-3.

Nose M, Ito M, Koide T, Terawaki K, Ogihara Y. The effects of 18 alpha,beta-glycyrrhetinic acid on the hormonal induction of tyrosine aminotransferase in rat primary cultured hepatocytes. Planta Med. 1996 Oct;62(5):410-2.

Nose M, Terawaki K, Oguri K, Ogihara Y, Yoshimatsu K, Shimomura K Activation of macrophages by crude polysaccharide fractions obtained from shoots of Glycyrrhiza glabra and hairy roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis in vitro. Biol Pharm Bull. 1998 Oct;21(10):1110-2

Nurnberger T, Wirtz W, Nennstiel D, Hahlbrock K, Jabs T, Zimmermann S, Scheel D. Signal perception and intracellular signal transduction in plant pathogen defense. J Recept Signal Transduct Res. 1997 Jan-May;17(1-3):127-36.

Obertreis B, et al. Ex-vivo in-vitro inhibition of lipopolysaccharide stimulated tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta secretion in human whole blood by extractum urticae dioicae foliorum. Arzneimittelforschung. 1996 Apr;46(4):389-94.

Ochsner, Edward H. Chronic fatigue intoxication : a heretofore inadequately described affection. New York : G.E. Stechert, c1923.

Oehling A, Fernandez M, Cordoba H, Sanz ML. Skin manifestations and immunological parameters in childhood food allergy. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 1997 May-Jun;7(3):155-9.

Oh SR, et al. Anticomplementary activity of constituents from the heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan. Planta Medica. 1998;64:5, 456-458:17 ref.

Ohno N, et al. Enhancement of LPS triggered TNF-alpha (tumor necrosis factor-alpha) production by (1-->3)-beta-D-glucans in mice. Biol Pharm Bull. 1995 Jan;18(1):126-33. Tokyo College of Pharmacy, Japan.

Ohta A, Sakai K, Takasaki M, Uehara M, Tokunaga T, Adachi T. Dietary heme iron does not prevent postgastrectomy anemia but fructooligosaccharides improve bioavailability of heme iron in rats. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1999 Sep;69(5):348-55.

Ohta H, Ni JW, Matsumoto K, Watanabe H, Shimizu M Peony and its major constituent, paeoniflorin, improve radial maze performance impaired by scopolamine in rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1993 Jul;45(3):719-723

Ohta Y, Kobayashi T, Nishida K, Sasaki E, Ishiguro I. Preventive effect of Oren-gedoku-to (Huanglian-Jie-Du-Tang) extract on the development of stress-induced acute gastric mucosal lesions in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Nov 30;67(3):377-84.

Ohta, H. et al. 1993. "Peony and its major constituent, paeoniflorin, improve radial maze performance impaired by scopolamine in rats." Pharmacol Biochem Behav. Jul;45(3):719-23.

Okabayashi Y, Tani S, Fujisawa T, Koide M, Hasegawa H, Nakamura T, Fujii M, Otsuki M. Effect of Gymnema sylvestre, R.Br. on glucose homeostasis in rats. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1990 May-Jun;9(2):143-8.

Okai Y, et al. Potent suppressing activity of the non-polyphenolic fraction of green tea (Camellia sinensis) against genotoxin-induced umu C gene expression in Salmonella typhimurium (TA 1535/pSK 1002)--association with pheophytins a and b. Cancer Lett. 1997 Nov 25;120(1):117-23.

O'Keefe SJ, Kidd M, Espitalier-Noel G, Owira P. Rarity of colon cancer in Africans is associated with low animal product consumption, not fiber. Am J Gastroenterol. 1999 May;94(5):1373-80.

O'Keefe SJ. A.R.P. Walker Lecture. Food and the gut. S Afr Med J. 1995 Apr;85(4):261-8. Review.

O'Keefe SJ. Nutrition and gastrointestinal disease. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl. 1996;220:52-9. Review.

Okubo et al. Effect of herbal medicine (Sho-seiryu-to and Ryo-kan-kyo-mi-shin-ge-nin-to) on human eosinophil biological function. Phytotherapy Research. 1997;11: 7, 485-489:15 ref.

Okugawa. et al.. Effects of agarwood extracts on the central nervous system in mice. Planta Med. 1993 Feb;59(1):32-6. Institute for Oriental Medicine, Hyogo, Japan.

Omer SA, Adam SE, Khalid HE. Effects on rats of Commiphora myrrha extract given by different routes of administration. Vet Hum Toxicol. 1999 Aug;41(4):193-6.

Omer SA, Adam SE. Toxicity of Commiphora myrrha to goats. Vet Hum Toxicol. 1999 Oct;41(5):299-301.

Omura, Y. et al. "Role of mercury (Hg) in resistant infections & effective treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis and Herpes family viral infections (and potential treatment for cancer) by removing localized Hg deposits with Chinese parsley and delivering effective antibiotics using various drug uptake enhancement methods." Acupunct Electrother Res. 1995 Aug-Dec;20(3-4):191-4.

Ondrizek RR, et al. An alternative medicine study of herbal effects on the penetration of zona-free hamster oocytes and the integrity of sperm deoxyribonucleic acid. Fertil Steril. 1999 Mar;71(3):517-22.

Ornstein, R, Thompson, RF. The Amazing Brain, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, 1984.

Ortiz JG, Nieves-Natal J, Chavez P. Effects of Valeriana officinalis extracts on [3H]flunitrazepam binding, synaptosomal [3H]GABA uptake, and hippocampal [3H]GABA release. Neurochem Res. 1999 Nov;24(11):1373-8.

Osawa K, Matsumoto T, Maruyama T, Takiguchi T, Okuda K, Takazoe I. Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria. Bull Tokyo Dent Coll. 1990 Feb;31(1):17-21. Department of Microbiology, Tokyo Dental College.

Osborne MP. Chemoprevention of breast cancer. Surg Clin North Am. 1999 Oct;79(5):1207-21. Review.

Oschman L and Oschman H. Gravity, Lift and Inertia, part 2, Rolf Lines, Vol 26, #2, April, 1998.

Oschman, JL. The Natural Science of Healing, unpublished manuscript, 1986.

Osoba OA, Adesanya SA, Durosimi MA. Effect of Zanthoxylum xanthoxyloides and some substituted benzoic acids on glucose-6-phosphate and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenases in Hbss red blood cells. J Ethnopharmacol. 1989 Nov;27(1-2):177-83.

Otake S, Makimura M, Kuroki T, et al. Anticaries effects of polyphenolic compounds from Japanese green tea. Caries Res 25:438-443; 1991.

Packer L, Witt EH, Tritschler HJ. alpha-Lipoic acid as a biological antioxidant. Free Radic Biol Med. 1995 Aug;19(2):227-50. Review.

Pai ST, Platt MW. Antifungal effects of Allium sativum (garlic) extract against the Aspergillus species involved in otomycosis. Lett Appl Microbiol. 1995 Jan;20(1):14-8.

Painter NS. The cause of diverticular disease of the colon, its symptoms and its complications. Review and hypothesis. J R Coll Surg Edinb. 1985 Apr;30(2):118-22

Paiva SA, et al. Postprandial plasma carotenoid responses following consumption of strawberries, red wine, vitamin C or spinach by elderly women. J Nutr. 1998 Dec;128(12):2391-4.

Pak CT. Urolithiasis. In Schrier RW, Gottschalk CW (eds): Diseases of the Kidney, 5th ed. Boston: Little, Brown 1993.

Palan PR, Chang CJ, Mikhail MS, Ho GY, Basu J, Romney SL. Plasma concentrations of micronutrients during a nine-month clinical trial of beta-carotene in women with precursor cervical cancer lesions. Nutr Cancer. 1998;30(1):46-52.

Palasciano, G. et al. "The effect of silymarin on plasma levels of malondialdehyde in patients receiving long-term treatment with psychotropic drugs." Curr Ther Res. 55:537-45, 1994.

Panda S, et al. Dual role of betel leaf extract on thyroid function in male mice. Pharmacol Res. 1998 Dec;38(6):493-6.

Panda S, et al. Gugulu (Commiphora mukul) induces triiodothyronine production: possible involvement of lipid peroxidation. Life Sci. 1999;65(12):PL137-41.

Panda S, et al. Ocimum sanctum leaf extract in the regulation of thyroid function in the male mouse. Pharmacol Res. 1998 Aug;38(2):107-10.

Pandey VN, Malhotra SC, Sharma DP, (Eds.) Pharmacological Investigations of Certain Medicinal Plants and Compound Formulations used in Ayurveda and Siddha, Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha, New Delhi, Yagantar Press, New Delhi, 1996.

Panossian AG, et al. Effects of heavy physical exercise and adaptogens on nitric oxide content in human saliva. Phytomedicine. 1999 Mar;6(1):17-26.

Papadopulos-Eleopulos E,Turner VF, Papadimitriou JM, Causer D,Hedland-Thomas B, Page B. A critical analysis of the hiv-t4-cell-aids hypothesis. 1995 Genetica 95: 5-24.

Pappas PJ, et al, 1998 "Retinoblastoma protein: a molecular regulator of chronic venous insufficiency". J Surg Res 1998 May;76(2):149-53

Parada JL, Zulpa de Caire G, Zaccaro de Mule MC, Storni de Cano MM. Lactic acid bacteria growth promoters from Spirulina platensis. Int J Food Microbiol. 1998 Dec 22;45(3):225-8.

Pararajasegaram G, Sevanian A, Rao NA. Suppression of S antigen-induced uveitis by vitamin E supplementation. Ophthalmic Res. 1991;23(3):121-7.

Park CH, Kim SH, Choi W, Lee YJ, Kim JS, Kang SS, Suh YH. Novel anticholinesterase and antiamnesic activities of dehydroevodiamine, a constituent of Evodia rutaecarpa. Planta Med. 1996 Oct;62(5):405-9.

Park HJ, Lee YW, Park HH, Lee YS, Kwon IB, Yu JH. Induction of quinone reductase by a methanol extract of Scutellaria baicalensis and its flavonoids in murine Hepa 1c1c7 cells. Eur J Cancer Prev. 1998 Dec;7(6):465-71.

Park KS, Kang KC, Kim JH, Adams DJ, Johng TN, Paik YK. Differential inhibitory effects of protoberberines on sterol and chitin biosyntheses in Candida albicans. J Antimicrob Chemother. 1999 May;43(5):667-74.

Parshad O, Singh P, Gardner M, Fletcher C, Rickards E, Choo-Kang E. Effect of aqueous neem (Azadirachta indica) extract on testosterone and other blood constituents in male rats. A pilot study. West Indian Med J. 1994 Sep;43(3):71-4.

PashinskiiVG, et al., Antiulcer, adaptogenic and antitumour activities of a dry extract from Inonotus obliquus (Pers.) Pil. Rastitel'nye-Resursy. 1998, 34: 1, 68-71.

Patel AB, Kanitkar UK. Asparagus racemosus willd--form bordi, as a galactogogue, in buffaloes. Indian Vet J. 1969 Aug;46(8):718-21.

Pauling L. The normal hemoglobins and the hemoglobinopathies: background. Tex Rep Biol Med. 1980-81;40:1-7. Review.

Pearce PT, et al. Panax ginseng and Eleuthrococcus senticosus extracts--in vitro studies on binding to steroid receptors. Endocrinol Jpn. 1982 Oct;29(5):567-73.

Pebody RG, Leino T, Ruutu P, Kinnunen L, Davidkin I, Nohynek H, Leinikki P Foodborne outbreaks of hepatitis A in a low endemic country: an emerging problem? Epidemiol Infect 1998 Feb;120(1):55-9.

Pedraza-Chaverri J, Tapia E, Medina-Campos ON, de los Angeles Granados M, Franco M. Garlic prevents hypertension induced by chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis. Life Sci. 1998;62(6):PL 71-7.

Pei DK, Feng BA, Guan FL 1996 Clinical study on effect of jinshisan on dissolution of extra-/ intrahepatic biliary stones. [Article in Chinese] Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih Jan;16(1):18-20.

Pelz R, et al. 1998 Carotenoid intake in the German National Food Consumption Survey. [Article in German] Z Ernahrungswiss Dec;37(4):319-27

Peng T, Yang Y, Riesemann H, Kandolf R. The inhibitory effect of astragalus membranaceus on coxsackie B-3 virus RNA replication. Chin Med Sci J. 1995 Sep;10(3):146-50.

Pepe C, Rozza A, Veronesi G. [The evaluation by video capillaroscopy of the efficacy of a Ginkgo biloba extract with L-arginine and magnesium in the treatment of trophic lesions in patients with stage-IV chronic obliterating arteriopathy]. Minerva Cardioangiol. 1999 Jun;47(6):223-30. Italian.

Perry EK, et al. Medicinal plants and Alzheimer's disease: from ethnobotany to phytotherapy. J Pharm Pharmacol 1999 May;51(5):527-34 Medical Research Council, Newcastle General Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne.

Persaud SJ, Al-Majed H, Raman A, Jones PM. Gymnema sylvestre stimulates insulin release in vitro by increased membrane permeability. J Endocrinol. 1999 Nov;163(2):207-212.

Petrelli G, Mantovani A, Menditto A. [Human reproduction and environmental risk factors]. Ann Ist Super Sanita. 1999;35(2):137-43. Italian.

Pfeifer HJ, Greenblatt DK, Koch-Wester J. Clinical toxicity of reserpine in hospitalized patients: a report from the Boston Collaborative Drug Surveillance Program. Am J Med Sci. 1976 May-Jun;271(3):269-76.

Phadke SA, Kulkarni SD. Screening of in vitro antibacterial activity of Terminalia chebula, Eclapta alba and Ocimum sanctum. Indian J Med Sci. 1989 May;43(5):113-7.

Phadke SA, Kulkarni SD. Screening of in vitro antibacterial activity of Terminalia chebula, Eclapta alba and Ocimum sanctum. Indian J Med Sci. 1989 May;43(5):113-7.

Pieralisi G, et al. Effects of a standardized ginseng extract combined with dimethylaminoethanol bitartrate, vitamins, minerals, and trace elements on physical performance during exercise. Clin Ther. 1991 May-Jun;13(3):373-82.

Pinsky P. Philosophy of Naturopathic Medicine-2, in A Textbook of Natural Medicine , sec. I, Philo. 2-1, Seattle: John Bastyr College Publications, 1989.

Piscitelli et al., Research letters : Indinavir concentrations and St John's wort. Lancet. 2000 Jan 15; 355: 547.

Pittler MH, Ernst E Peppermint oil for irritable bowel syndrome: a critical review and metaanalysis. Am J Gastroenterol 1998 Jul;93(7):1131-5 Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom.

Pittler MH, et al. Peppermint oil for irritable bowel syndrome: a critical review and metaanalysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 1998 Jul;93(7):1131-5.

Pizzorno J,. Total Wellness. Rocklin: Prima Publishing, 1996.

Planells E, Rivero M, Mataix J, Llopis J. Ability of a cocoa product to correct chronic Mg deficiency in rats. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1999 Jan;69(1):52-60

Platel K, et al. Influence of dietary spices or their active principles on digestive enzymes of small intestinal mucosa in rats. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 1996 Jan;47(1):55-9. Department of Biochemistry & Nutrition, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India.

Plohmann B, et al. Immunomodulatory and antitumoral effects of triterpenoid saponins. Pharmazie. 1997;Dec;52(12):953-7.

Plohmann B, et al. Immunomodulatory and antitumoral effects of triterpenoid saponins. Pharmazie. 1997;Dec;52(12):953-7.

Plummer SM, Holloway KA, Manson MM, Munks RJ, Kaptein A, Farrow S, Howells L. Inhibition of cyclo-oxygenase 2 expression in colon cells by the chemopreventive agent curcumin involves inhibition of NF-kappaB activation via the NIK/IKK signalling complex. Oncogene. 1999 Oct 28;18(44):6013-20.

Pol S, Nalpas B, Bourliere M, Couzigou P, Tran A, Abergel A, Zarski JP, Berthelot P, Brechot C. Combination of Ribavirin and Interferon-Alfa Surpasses High Doses of Interferon-Alfa Alone in Patients With Genotype-1b-Related Chronic Hepatitis C. Hepatology. 2000 Jun;31(6):1338-1344.

Pompei R, Flore O, Marccialis MA, Pani A, Loddo B Glycyrrhizic acid inhibits virus growth and inactivates virus particles Nature. 1979 Oct 25;281(5733):689-90.

Ponce-Macotela M, Navarro-Alegria I, Martinez-Gordillo MN, Alvarez-Chacon R. [In vitro effect against Giardia of 14 plant extracts]. Rev Invest Clin. 1994 Sep-Oct;46(5):343-7. Spanish.

Powell T, Hsu FF, Turk J, Hruska K. Ma-huang strikes again: ephedrine nephrolithiasis. Am J Kidney Dis. 1998 Jul;32(1):153-9.

Prakash AO, Tewari RK, Mathur R. Non-hormonal post-coital contraceptive action of neem oil in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 1988 May-Jun;23(1):53-9.

Prashar R, Kumar A, Hewer A, Cole KJ, Davis W, Phillips DH. Inhibition by an extract of Ocimum sanctum of DNA-binding activity of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in rat hepatocytes in vitro. Cancer Lett. 1998 Jun 19;128(2):155-60.

Pratt S. Dietary prevention of age-related macular degeneration. J Am Optom Assoc. 1999 Jan;70(1):39-47. Review.

Progression of optic neuritis to multiple sclerosis: an 8-year follow-up study. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 1999 Sep;101(3):189-92.

Promod K, et al. Clinical study with C, nurvala in urinary tract infections. J Sci Res Pl and Med 3(2,3):75-79, 1982.

Pulverer G, Lioe Ko H, Beuth J. Microflora-associated defense stimulating factors. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl. 1997;222:107-11. Review.

Purcell R The hepatitis C virus: overview. 1997 Cleve Clin J Med May;64(5):259-268.

Purmova J, et al. [Phytotherapeutic aspects of diseases of the cardiovascular system. 5. Saponins and possibilities of their use in prevention and therapy]. Ceska Slov Farm. 1995 Oct;44(5):246-51.

Purmova J, Opletal L [Phytotherapeutic aspects of diseases of the cardiovascular system. 5. Saponins and possibilities of their use in prevention and therapy]. Ceska Slov Farm 1995 Oct;44(5):246-51 [Article in Czech]

Qi XG. [Protective mechanism of Salvia miltiorrhiza and Paeonia lactiflora for experimental liver damage]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1991 Feb;11(2):102-4, 69. Chinese.

Qian ZR, Zhong XL, Fang YA. [Traditional Chinese medicine combined with Western medicine in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1987 Mar;7(3):140-2, 131. Chinese.

Quillin P. Beating Cancer with Nutrition. Revised ed. Tulsa: Nutrition Times Press, Inc., 1998.

Quillin, P. Nutrients as Biological Response Modifiers, Natural Medicine Online, December 1998 (http://www.nat-med.com/)

Raabe A, Raabe M, Ihm P. [Therapeutic follow-up using automatic perimetry in chronic cerebroretinal ischemia in elderly patients. Prospective double-blind study with graduated dose ginkgo biloba treatment]. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd. 1991 Dec;199(6):432-8. German.

Raffalt GJ, Andersen B. [Treatment of cigarette smokers with an oat extract]. Ugeskr Laeger. 1975 Sep 15;137(38):2177-8. Danish.

Rajput V, Bromley SM. Chronic insomnia: a practical review. Am Fam Physician. 1999 Oct 1;60(5):1431-8; discussion 1441-2.

Raloff J. Chocolate Hearts: Yummy and good medicine. Science News. 2000 March 18;157(12): 188-189.

Ramelet AA. Pharmacologic aspects of a phlebotropic drug in CVI-associated edema. Angiology. 2000 Jan;51(1):19-23.

Ramirez-Tortosa MC, Mesa MD, Aguilera MC, Quiles JL, Baro L, Ramirez-Tortosa CL, Martinez-Victoria E, Gil A. Oral administration of a turmeric extract inhibits LDL oxidation and has hypocholesterolemic effects in rabbits with experimental atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis. 1999 Dec 1;147(2):371-378. Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Granada, Faculty of Pharmacy, Campus de Cartuja 18071, Granada, Spain.

Ramsey JJ, Colman RJ, Swick AG, Kemnitz JW. Energy expenditure, body composition, and glucose metabolism in lean and obese rhesus monkeys treated with ephedrine and caffeine. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Jul;68(1):42-51.

Rana BK, Singh UP, Taneja V. Antifungal activity and kinetics of inhibition by essential oil isolated from leaves of Aegle marmelos. J Ethnopharmacol. 1997 Jun;57(1):29-34. Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

Rao AR et al. Study of antiviral activity of tender leaves of margosa tree (Melia azadirachta syn.) on vissinia and variola virus. A preliminary report, Indian J Med. Res. 57, 495, 1969.

Rao AR. Inhibitory action of Asparagus racemosus on DMBA-induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats. Int J Cancer. 1981 Nov 15;28(5):607-10.

Rao AV. Dose-response effects of inulin and oligofructose on intestinal bifidogenesis effects. J Nutr. 1999 Jul;129(7 Suppl):1442S-5S. Review. Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Rao DR, Reuben R, Nagasampagi BA. Development of combined use of neem (Azadirachta indica) and water management for the control of culicine mosquitoes in rice fields. Med Vet Entomol. 1995 Jan;9(1):25-33.

Ray A, et al. Modulation of humoral and cell-mediated immune responses by Azadirachta indica (Neem) in mice. Indian J Exp Biol. 1996;Jul;34(7):698-701.

Razina TG, Zueva EP, Litvinenko VI, Kovalev IP. [A semisynthetic flavonoid from the Baikal skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis) as an agent to enhance the efficacy of chemotherapy in experimental tumors]. Eksp Klin Farmakol. 1998 Mar-Apr;61(2):54-6. Russian.

Rees WD, Rhodes J, Wright JE, Stamford LF, Bennett A. Effect of deglycyrrhizinated liquorice on gastric mucosal damage by aspirin. Scand J Gastroenterol. 1979;14(5):605-7.

Rege N, et al. Immunotherapy with Tinospora cordifolia: a new lead in the management of obstructive jaundice. Indian J Gastroenterol. 1993 Jan;12(1):5-8. Department of Pharmacology, Seth G S Medical College, Bombay.

Rege NN, Dahanukar SA. Quantitation of microbicidal activity of mononuclear phagocytes: an in vitro technique. J Postgrad Med. 1993 Jan-Mar;39(1):22-5

Rege NN, Nazareth HM, Isaac A, Karandikar SM, Dahanukar SA. Immunotherapeutic modulation of intraperitoneal adhesions by Asparagus racemosus. J Postgrad Med. 1989 Oct;35(4):199-203.

Rege NN, Thatte UM, Dahanukar SA Adaptogenic properties of six rasayana herbs used in Ayurvedic medicine. Phytother Res 1999 Jun;13(4):275-91 Ayurveda Research Centre, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seth GS Medical College, Parel, Mumbai, India.

Regush N. Chronic Parasite Syndrome? Tiny Worms May Explain Mysterious Disease Second Opinion. ABCnews.com Feb. 10, 2000.

Rehman J, et al. Increased production of antigen-specific immunoglobulins G and M following in vivo treatment with the medicinal plants Echinacea angustifolia and Hydrastis canadensis. Immunol Lett. 1999;Jun 1;68(2-3):391-5.

Rehwald A, 1995. Analytical Investigation of Cratageous species and Pasiflora I. By HPLC (dissertation) Zurich: Swiss Federal Instute of Technology (Quoted from Upton, R Hawthorn berry, Santa Cruz: AHP, June 1999)

Reid C, et al. Prevention by a silymarin/phospholipid compound of ethanol-induced social learning deficits in rats. Planta Med. 1999 Jun;65(5):421-4. Department of Behavioral Sciences, New Mexico Highlands University, Las Vegas, USA.

Reinhold U, Seiter S, Ugurel S, Tilgen W. Treatment of progressive pigmented purpura with oral bioflavonoids and ascorbic acid: an open pilot study in 3 patients. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1999 Aug;41(2 Pt 1):207-8.

Reiter RJ et al. A review of evidence supporting melatonin's role as an antioxidant. J Pineal Res 1995 18(1): 1-11.

Reljanovic M, Reichel G, Rett K, Lobisch M, Schuette K, Moller W, Tritschler HJ, Mehnert H. Treatment of diabetic polyneuropathy with the antioxidant thioctic acid (alpha-lipoic acid): a two year multicenter randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial (ALADIN II). Alpha Lipoic Acid in Diabetic Neuropathy. Free Radic Res. 1999 Sep;31(3):171-9.

Ren HY, Niu LD. [Histopathology of spleen deficiency syndrome of chronic atrophic gastritis and its ultrastructural changes]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1992 Oct;12(10):593-7, 579-80. Chinese.

Research Guidelines for Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Herbal Medicines. World Health Organization special publication, 1993. Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila. ISBN: 9290611103

Resnick HE, Valsania P, Phillips CL. Diabetes mellitus and nontraumatic lower extremity amputation in black and white Americans: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-up Study, 1971-1992. Arch Intern Med. 1999 Nov 8;159(20):2470-5.

Ridaura-Sanz C The pathologist's approach to the diagnosis of metabolic disease. Pathol Res Pract 1994 Dec;190(12):1109-22

Riehemann K, et al. Plant extracts from stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), an antirheumatic remedy, inhibit the proinflammatory transcription factor NF-kappaB. FEBS Lett. 1999 Jan 8;442(1):89-94. Department of Internal Medicine I, Medical Clinics, University of Tubingen, Germany.

Rieman DJ, Anzano MA, Chan GW, Imburgia TJ, Chan JA, Johnson RK, Greig RG. Antagonism of TGF-alpha receptor binding and TGF-alpha induced stimulation of cell proliferation by methyl pheophorbides. Oncol Res. 1992;4(4-5):193-200.

Rigney U, Kimber S, Hindmarch I. The effects of acute doses of standardized Ginkgo biloba extract on memory and psychomotor performance in volunteers. Phytother Res. 1999 Aug;13(5):408-15.

Rigo, A, Rotillo, G 1977 "Determination of Super Oxide Dismutase and Catalase in Biological Materials by Polargraphy" Anal Biochem 81 (1) 157-66.

Rittenhouse JR, et al. Chinese medicinal herbs reverse macrophage suppression induced by urological tumors. J Urol. 1991;Aug;146(2):486-90.

Robert AM, et al. Action of anthocyanosides of Vaccinium myrtillis on the permeability of the blood brain barrier. J Med. 1977;8(5):321-32.

Robert AM, Schaeverbeke M, Schaeverbeke J, Robert L [Aging and brain circulation. Role of the extracellular matrix of brain microvessels]. C R Seances Soc Biol Fil 1997;191(2):253-60 [French]

Roda E, Bazzoli F, Morselli Labate AM, et al 1982.: Ursodeoxycholic acid vs. chenodeoxycholic acid as cholesterol gallstone-dissolving agents: a comparative randomized study. Hepatology, 2:804-10.

Romero J, Marak GE Jr, Rao NA. Pharmacologic modulation of acute ocular inflammation with quercetin. Ophthalmic Res. 1989;21(2):112-7.

Ronziere, M.C. et al. 1981. "Influence of some flavonoids on reticulation of collagen fibrils in vitro." Biochem Pharmacol. Jul 1;30(13):1771-6.

Rosenberg IH, Miller JW. Nutritional factors in physical and cognitive functions of elderly people. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1992;55:1237S-43S.

Rosenberg IH, Rosenberg LE. The implications of genetic diversity for nutrient requirements: the case of folate. Nutr Rev. 1998 Feb;56(2 Pt 2):s47-53; discussion s54-75. Review.

Ross DW (Ed.), Physica by Aristotle. London: Oxford University Press, 1951.

Ross GD, et al. Therapeutic intervention with complement and beta-glucan in cancer. Immunopharmacology. 1999 May;42(1-3):61-74. Review. Department of Pathology, University of Louisville, KY 40292, USA. gordon.ross@louisville.edu.

Ross GD, et al. Therapeutic intervention with complement and beta-glucan in cancer. Immunopharmacology. 1999;May;42(1-3):61-74. Review.

Ross RP, Galvin M, McAuliffe O, Morgan SM, Ryan MP, Twomey DP, Meaney WJ, Hill C.

Rowland TW. The biological basis of physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998 Mar;30(3):392-9. Review.

Rubel DM, Freeman S, Southwell IA. Tea tree oil allergy: what is the offending agent? Report of three cases of tea tree oil allergy and review of the literature. Australas J Dermatol. 1998 Nov;39(4):244-7. Review.

Rudick, Richard, A 20-Year-old Man with Multiple Sclerosis, JAMA, 1998;280(16): 1434.

Rugendorff EW, Weidner W, Ebeling L, Buck AC. Results of treatment with pollen extract (Cernilton N) in chronic prostatitis and prostatodynia. Br J Urol. 1993 Apr;71(4):433-8.

Rui H. Research and development of cancer chemopreventive agents in China. J Cell Biochem Suppl. 1997;27:7-11. Review.

Russell IJ, Michalek JE, Flechas JD, Abraham GE Treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome with Super Malic: a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, crossover pilot study. J Rheumatol 1995 May;22(5):953-8 Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284-7874, USA.

Russell LC. Caffeine restriction as initial treatment for breast pain. Nurse Pract. 1989 Feb;14(2):36-7, 40.

Russell RI, Morgan RJ, Nelson LM. Studies on the protective effect of deglycyrrhinised liquorice against aspirin (ASA) and ASA plus bile acid-induced gastric mucosal damage, and ASA absorption in rats. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl. 1984;92:97-100.

Ryndina AM, Lin'kov VI, Dadiomova MA, Buriakova AV. [Experience using antihypoxic drugs in the treatment of acute neurosensory hearing loss in children with meningitis]. Vestn Otorinolaringol. 1989 Mar-Apr;(2):14-7. Russian.

Rzymowska J. The effect of aqueous extracts from Inonotus obliquus on the mitotic index and enzyme activities. Boll Chim Farm. 1998 Jan;137(1):13-5

Saavedra J. Probiotics and infectious diarrhea. Am J Gastroenterol. 2000 Jan;95(1 Suppl):S16-8. Johns Hopkins Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA.

Sabnis PB, Gaitonde BB, Jetmalani M. Effects of alcoholic extracts of Asparagus racemosus on mammary glands of rats. Indian J Exp Biol. 1968 Jan;6(1):55-7.

Sackett DL, et al. Evidence-Based Medicine: How to practice and teach EBM Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. 1996. 250pp. ISBN 0-443-05686-2

Safonova TN, Ovchinnikov AN, Fedorov AA, Polunin GS. [Keratoconjunctivitis sicca in Sjogren's syndrome: diagnostic significance of relative protein composition of tears]. Vestn Oftalmol. 1998 Mar-Apr;114(2):40-2. Russian.

Saifutdinov RR, Khazanov VA. [The effect of an extract of Baikal skullcap (Scutelleria baicalensis) on succinic acid oxidation by the brain mitochondria in rats with hypoxia]. Eksp Klin Farmakol. 1998 Sep-Oct;61(5):27-9. Russian.

Sakaguchi M, et al. Effects of Sho-seiryu-to on experimental allergic rhinitis in guinea pigs. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 1999;May;21(4):303-8.

Sakamoto S, Sato K, Maitani T, Yamada T. [Analysis of components in natural food additive "grapefruit seed extract" by HPLC and LC/MS]. Eisei Shikenjo Hokoku. 1996;(114):38-42. Japanese.

Sakina MR, Dandiya PC, Hamdard ME, Hameed A. Preliminary psychopharmacological evaluation of Ocimum sanctum leaf extract. J Ethnopharmacol. 1990 Feb;28(2):143-50.

Sakushima JI, Nose M, Ogihara Y. Effect of Hachimi-jio-gan on immunoglobulin A producing cells in Peyer's patch by oral administration. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 1997;20:11, 1175-1177:17 ref.

Salim KN, et al. Ginsenoside Rb1 regulates ChAT, NGF and trkA mRNA expression in the rat brain. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1997 Jul;47(1-2):177-82.

Salloum T and Burton "Therapeutic Fasting" A Textbook of Natural Medicine , sec. IIIFasting-1, Seattle, John Bastyr College Publications, 1989.

Salman H, et al. Effect of a garlic derivative (alliin) on peripheral blood cell immune responses. Int J Immunopharmacol. 1999;Sep;21(9):589-97.

Salminen S, Salminen E Lactulose, lactic acid bacteria, intestinal microecology and mucosal protection. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl 1997;222:45-8 Dept. of Biochemistry and Food Chemistry, Turku University Hospital, Finland.

Sampaio AL, Rae GA, Henriques MM. Role of endothelins on lymphocyte accumulation in allergic pleurisy. J Leukoc Biol. 2000 Feb;67(2):189-95.

Sanches-Guerrero J et al. 1995 Postmenopausal estrogen therapy and the risk of developing systemic lupus erythematosus. Ann Intern Med 122:430-433.

Sandberg, F. 1973. "Two glycoside-containing genera of the Araliaceae family Panax and Eleutherococcus." Planta Med. Dec;24(4):392-6.

Sandler SG. The spleen and splenectomy in immune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenic purpura. Semin Hematol. 2000 Jan;37(1 Suppl 1):10-2. Review.

Sandler SG. The spleen and splenectomy in immune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenic purpura. Semin Hematol. 2000 Jan;37(1 Suppl 1):10-2. Review.

Sandoval-Chacon M, et al. Anti-inflammatory actions of cat's claw: the role of NF-kappaB. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1998;Dec;12(12):1279-89.

Sapse AT. Cortisol, high cortisol diseases and anti-cortisol therapy. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1997;22 Suppl 1:S3-10. Review

Sato Y, Oketani H, Singyouchi K, Ohtsubo T, Kihara M, Shibata H, Higuti T. Extraction and purification of effective antimicrobial constituents of Terminalia chebula RETS. against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Biol Pharm Bull. 1997 Apr;20(4):401-4.

Satyavati GV. Gum guggul (Commiphora mukul)--the success story of an ancient insight leading to a modern discovery. Indian J Med Res. 1988 Apr;87:327-35.

Sawyer CE, Evans RL, Boline PD, Branson R, Spicer A. A feasibility study of chiropractic spinal manipulation versus sham spinal manipulation for chronic otitis media with effusion in children. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999 Jun;22(5):292-8.

Saxena AK, Singh B, Anand KK. Hepatoprotective effects of Eclipta alba on subcellular levels in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 1993 Dec;40(3):155-61

Saxena MC, Seth TD, Mahajan PL. Organo chlorine pesticides in human placenta and accompanying fluid. Int J Environ Anal Chem. 1980;7(3):245-51.

Scaglione F, et al. Immunomodulatory effects of two extracts of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 1990;16(10):537-42. Dept. of Pharmacology, Chemotherapy and Toxicology, University of Milan, Italy.

Schad, W. Man and Mammals: Toward a Biology of Form, New York, Waldorf Press, 1971.

Schambelan M Licorice ingestion and blood pressure regulating hormones. Steroids. 1994 Feb;59(2):127-30. Review.

Schilling H, Koch JM, Waubke TN, Frank B. [Treatment of the dry eye with vitamin A acid--an impression cytology controlled study]. Fortschr Ophthalmol. 1989;86(5):530-4. German.

Schink M, Bussing A. Mistletoe therapy for human cancer: the role of the natural killer cells. Viscum album L. treatments in cancer. Proceedings of a working meeting held in Herdecke, Germany, 11 October, 1996. Anti-Cancer-Drugs. 1997;8(Supplement 1):S47-S51: 50 ref.

Schliebs R, et al, 1997 Systemic administration of defined extracts from Withania somnifera (Indian Ginseng) and Shilajit differentially affects cholinergic but not glutamatergic and GABAergic markers in rat brain. Neurochem Int 1997 Feb;30(2):181-190.

Schmid R, et al. Comparison of Seven Commonly Used Agents for Prophylaxis of Seasickness. J Travel Med. 1994 Dec 1;1(4):203-206.

Schmidt K, Geckeler K. Pharmacotherapy with avena sativa - a double blind study. Int J Clin Pharmacol Biopharm. 1976 Oct;14(3):214-6.

Schottner M, et al. Lignans from the roots of Urtica dioica and their metabolites bind to human sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG). Planta Med. 1997 Dec;63(6):529-32 Lehrstuhl Organische Chemie I, Universitat Bayreuth, Germany.

Schrauzer GN, Molenaar T, Mead S, Kuehn K, Yamamoto H, Araki E. Selenium in the blood of Japanese and American women with and without breast cancer and fibrocystic disease. Jpn J Cancer Res. 1985 May;76(5):374-7.

Schubert H, Halama P. Depressive episode primarily unresponsive to therapy in elderly patients: Efficacy of Ginkgo biloba (Egh 761) in combination with antidepressants Geriatr Forsch 3:45-53, 1993.

Schwartz S, McDowell Anderson W, Cole SR, Cornoni-Huntley J, Hays JC, Blazer D. Insomnia and heart disease: a review of epidemiologic studies. J Psychosom Res. 1999 Oct;47(4):313-33.

Schweizer J, Hautmann C. Comparison of two dosages of ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease Fontaine's stage IIb. A randomised, double-blind, multicentric clinical trial. Arzneimittelforschung. 1999 Nov;49(11):900-4.

Schwesinger WH, Kurtin WE, Page CP, Stewart RM, Johnson R Soluble dietary fiber protects against cholesterol gallstone formation. Am J Surg 1999 Apr;177(4):307-10 Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78284-7842, USA.

Scobey M et al 1991 Dietary fish oil effects on biliary lipid secretion and cholesterol gallstone formation in the African green monkey. Hepatology, 14:4(1):679-84.

Seckl JR. 11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in the brain: a novel regulator of glucocorticoid action? Front Neuroendocrinol. 1997 Jan;18(1):49-99. Review.

Seeger PG. [The anthocyans of Beta vulgaris var. rubra (red beets), Vaccinium myrtillis (whortleberries), Vinum rubrum (red wine) and their significance as cell respiratory activators for cancer prophylaxis and cancer therapy]. Arztl Forsch. 1967 Feb 10;21(2):68-78.

Seitz U, Schule A, Gleitz J. [3H]-monoamine uptake inhibition properties of kava pyrones. Planta Med. 1997 Dec;63(6):548-9.

Selhub J. Homocysteine metabolism. Annu Rev Nutr. 1999;19:217-46. Review.

Seltzer AP. Adjunctive use of bromelains in sinusitis: a controlled study. Eye Ear Nose Throat Mon. 1967 Oct;46(10):1281-8.

Seltzer MA, et al. Dietary manipulation with lemonade to treat hypocitraturic calcium nephrolithiasis. J Urol. 1996 Sep;156(3):907-9. Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0738, USA.

Sembulingam K, Sembulingam P, Namasivayam A. Effect of Ocimum sanctum Linn on noise induced changes in plasma corticosterone level. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1997 Apr;41(2):139-43.

Semin Gastrointest Dis. 2000 Apr;11(2):115-21.

Sen CK. Redox signaling and the emerging therapeutic potential of thiol antioxidants. Biochem Pharmacol. 1998 Jun 1;55(11):1747-58. Review.

Sen, A.K. et al.. Isolation and structure of 4-0 methylglucuronaorabinogalactan from Boswellia serrata carbohydrate. Res: Ind J Biochem Jan;223:321-7, 1992.

Seppa, N, Oxygen limits infections from Surgery, Science News, 2000;157(4):52.

Seth SD, Johri N, Sundaram KR. Antispermatogenic effect of Ocimum sanctum. Indian J Exp Biol. 1981 Oct;19(10):975-6.

Sethi ML. Enzyme inhibition VI: Inhibition of reverse transcriptase activity by protoberberine alkaloids and structure-activity relationships. J Pharm Sci. 1983 May;72(5):538-41.

Seung HS. How the brain keeps the eyes still. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Nov 12;93(23):13339-44.

Seyama Y, Horiuch M, Hayashi M, Kanke Y. Effect of vitamin K2 on experimental calcinosis induced by vitamin D2 in rat soft tissue. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1996;66(1):36-8.

Shaila HP, Udupa AL, Udupa SL. Preventive actions of Terminalia belerica in experimentally induced atherosclerosis. Int J Cardiol. 1995 Apr;49(2):101-6.

Shamsi FA, Sharkey E, Creighton D, Nagaraj RH. Maillard Reactions in Lens Proteins: Methylglyoxal-mediated Modifications in the Rat Lens. Exp Eye Res. 2000 Mar;70(3):369-380.

Shan BE, Yoshida Y, Kuroda E, Yamashita U. Immunomodulating activity of seaweed extract on human lymphocytes in vitro. International Journal of Immunopharmacology. 1999;21:1, 59-70:19 ref.

Shan BE, Yoshida Y, Sugiura T, Yamashita U. Stimulating activity of Chinese medicinal herbs on human lymphocytes in vitro. International Journal of Immunopharmacology. 1999,21:3, 149-159:15 ref.

Shang Q, et al. [The influence of salvia miltiorrhiza and tetramethyl pyrazine on DNA content of cicatricial fibroblasts and its cellular cycle]. Chung Kuo Hsiu Fu Chung Chien Wai Ko Tsa Chih. 1998 Nov;12(6):325-8. Chinese.

Shankel DM, Kuo S, Haines C, Mitscher LA. Extracellular interception of mutagens. Basic Life Sci. 1993;61:65-74. Review.

Shanmugasundaram ER, Gopinath KL, Radha Shanmugasundaram K, Rajendran VM. Possible regeneration of the islets of Langerhans in streptozotocin-diabetic rats given Gymnema sylvestre leaf extracts. J Ethnopharmacol. 1990 Oct;30(3):265-79.

Shanmugasundaram ER, Rajeswari G, Baskaran K, Rajesh Kumar BR, Radha Shanmugasundaram K, Kizar Ahmath B. Use of Gymnema sylvestre leaf extract in the control of blood glucose in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Ethnopharmacol. 1990 Oct;30(3):281-94.

Shanmugasundaram KR, Panneerselvam C, Samudram P, Shanmugasundaram ER. Enzyme changes and glucose utilisation in diabetic rabbits: the effect of Gymnema sylvestre, R.Br. J Ethnopharmacol. 1983 Mar;7(2):205-34.

Shanmugasundaram, K.R. et al. 1981. "The insulinotropic activity of Gymnema sylvestre, R. Br. An Indian medical herb used in controlling dibetes mellitus." Pharmacol Res Commun. May;13(5):475-86.

Shanmugasundaram, K.R. et al. 1983. "Enzyme changes and glucose utilisation in diabetic rabbits: the effect of Gymnema sylvestre, R.Br." J Ethnopharmacol. Mar;7(2):205-34.

Shao ZH, Li CQ, Vanden Hoek TL, Becker LB, Schumacker PT, Wu JA, Attele AS, Yuan CS. Extract from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi attenuates oxidant stress in cardiomyocytes. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1999 Oct;31(10):1885-95. Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.

Shao-Yu; Ho-ChiTang; Chin-CheeKok; Badmaev-V; Ma-Wei; Huang-MouTuan; Shao-Y; Ho-CT; Chin-CK; Ma-W; Huang-MT Inhibitory activity of boswellic acids from Boswellia serrata against human leukemia HL-60 cells in culture. Planta Medica. 1998, 64: 4, 328-331: 26 ref..

Shapiro S, Parsells JL, Rosenberg L, Kaufman DW, Stolley PD, Schottenfeld D. Risk of breast cancer in relation to the use of rauwolfia alkaloids. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1984;26(2):143-6.

Sharma KR, Bhatia RP, Kumar V. Role of the indigenous drug saptamrita lauha in hemorrhagic retinopathies. Ann Ophthalmol. 1992 Jan;24(1):5-8.

Sharma S, Ramji S, Kumari S, Bapna JS. Randomized controlled trial of Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari) as a lactogogue in lactational inadequacy. Indian Pediatr. 1996 Aug;33(8):675-7.

Sharma VP, Ansari MA, Razdan RK. Mosquito repellent action of neem (Azadirachta indica) oil. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1993 Sep;9(3):359-60.

Sharma, M.L. et al. 1988. "Effect of salai guggul ex-Boswellia serrata on cellular and humoral immune responses and leucocyte migration." Agents Actions. Jun;24(1-2):161-4.

Sharma, P.V., ed. & trans. Caraka Samhita, Vols. 1-4. Chaukhambha Sanskrit Series Office: Varanasi, India, 1981-1994.

Sharma, R.K. & Vaidya, B.D., eds. & trans. Caraka Samhita, 3rd ed., Vols. 1-3. Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series Office: Varanasi, India, 1992.

Shastri D, Kumar M, Kumar A. Modulation of lead toxicity by Spirulina fusiformis. Phytother Res. 1999 May;13(3):258-60.

Sheela CG, Kumud K, Augusti KT. Anti-diabetic effects of onion and garlic sulfoxide amino acids in rats. Planta Med. 1995 Aug;61(4):356-7.

Sheen LY, Chen HW, Kung YL, Liu CT, Lii CK. Effects of garlic oil and its organosulfur compounds on the activities of hepatic drug-metabolizing and antioxidant enzymes in rats fed high- and low-fat diets. Nutr Cancer. 1999;35(2):160-6.

Sheen WS, Tsai IL, Teng CM, Ko FN, Chen IS. Indolopyridoquinazoline alkaloids with antiplatelet aggregation activity from Zanthoxylum integrifoliolum. Planta Med. 1996 Apr;62(2):175-6.

Shemesh Z, Attias J, Ornan M, Shapira N, Shahar A Vitamin B12 deficiency in patients with chronic-tinnitus and noise-induced hearing loss. Am J Otolaryngol 1993 Mar-Apr;14(2):94-9.

Sheng ZL, Li NY, Ge XP. [Clinical study of baoyuan dahuang decoction in the treatment of chronic renal failure]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1994 May;14(5):268-70, 259. Chinese.

Shi J, Maguer ML. Lycopene in tomatoes: chemical and physical properties affected by food processing. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2000 Jan;40(1):1-42.

Shi YL, Xu YF, Zhang H. Effect of Pinellia ternata lectin on membrane currents of mouse motor nerve terminals. Sci China B. 1994 Apr;37(4):448-53.

Shi YM, Wu QZ. [Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in children treated with replenishing qi and tonifying kidney and the changes in thrombocyte aggregative function]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1991 Jan;11(1):14-6, 3. Chinese.

Shibuya T, Sato K. Fluorescence histochemical studies of the effects of rauwolfia alkaloid derivatives on adrenergic vasomotor nerves. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol. 1985 Jan;23(1):5-10. Review.

Shield, MJ 1993, Anti-inflammatory drugs and their effects on cartilage synthesis and renal function, Eur J Rheumatol INflam 13, 7-16.

Shimizu K, Iino A, Nakajima J, Tanaka K, Nakajyo S, Urakawa N, Atsuchi M, Wada T, Yamashita C. Suppression of glucose absorption by some fractions extracted from Gymnema sylvestre leaves. J Vet Med Sci. 1997 Apr;59(4):245-51.

Shimizu N, et al. The core structure and immunological activities of glycyrrhizan UA, the main polysaccharide from the root of Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1992;Aug;40(8):2125-8.

Shin TY, Jeong HJ, Jun SM, Chae HJ, Kim HR, Baek SH, Kim HM. Effect of Schizonepeta tenuifolia extract on mast cell-mediated immediate-type hypersensitivity in rats. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 1999 Nov;21(4):705-15.

Shinde UA et al. Mast cell stabilizing and lipoxygenase inhibitory activity of Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) Loud wood oil. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 1999;37:3, 258-261:12 ref.

Shiraishi T, Satou Y, Makishima K. [Hyperbaric oxygenation therapy in idiopathic sudden sensory neural hearing loss]. Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho. 1998 Dec;101(12):1380-4. Japanese.

Shively CA, Tarka SM Jr. Methylxanthine composition and consumption patterns of cocoa and chocolate products. Prog Clin Biol Res. 1984;158:149-78. Review.

Shoba G, Joy D, Joseph T, Majeed M, Rajendran R, Srinivas PS Influence of piperine on the pharmacokinetics of curcumin in animals and human volunteers. Planta Med 1998 May;64(4):353-356 Department of Pharmacology, St. John's Medical College, Bangalore, India.

Shohat B, et al. Immunosuppressive activity of two plant steroidal lactones withaferin A and withanolide E. Biomedicine. 1978;Jan-Feb;28(1):18-24.

Shonhit K , et al. 1995 "Antioxidant inhibition of thymocyte apoptosis by dihydrolipoic acid", Free Radical Biol. and Med. 19:339-47.

Shoskes DA, Zeitlin SI, Shahed A, Rajfer J. Quercetin in men with category III chronic prostatitis: a preliminary prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Urology. 1999 Dec;54(6):960-3.

Shukla A, et al. In vitro and in vivo wound healing activity of asiaticoside isolated from Centella asiatica. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Apr;65(1):1-11.

Sidhu GS, Mani H, Gaddipati JP, Singh AK, Seth P, Banaudha KK, Patnaik GK, Maheshwari RK. Curcumin enhances wound healing in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats and genetically diabetic mice. Wound Repair Regen. 1999 Sep-Oct;7(5):362-74. Center for Combat and Life Sustainment Research, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA. rmaheshwari@usuhs.mil.

Sidhu GS, Singh AK, Thaloor D, Banaudha KK, Patnaik GK, Srimal RC, Maheshwari RK. Enhancement of wound healing by curcumin in animals. Wound Repair Regen. 1998 Mar-Apr;6(2):167-77.

Sidorenko EI, Obrubov SA, Tumasian AR. [Experience of clinical use infrasound pneumomassage in the treatment of progressive myopia in schoolchildren]. Vestn Oftalmol. 1997 May-Jun;113(3):18-20. Russian.

Simonelli F, Manna C, Romano N, Nunziata G, Voto O, Rinaldi E. Evaluation of fatty acids in membrane phospholipids of erythrocytes in retinitis pigmentosa patients. Ophthalmic Res. 1996;28(2):93-8.

Singh B, et al. Evaluation of Geriforte, an herbal geriatric tonic, on antioxidant defense system in Wistar rats. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1994 Jun 30;717:170-3.

Singh R. Role of yogic exercises/meditation in aircrew stress management. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1999 Sep;70(9):939.

Singh RB, et al. Hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of Commiphora mukul as an adjunct to dietary therapy in patients with hypercholesterolemia. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 1994 Aug;8(4):659-64.

Singh S, Majumdar DK, Yadav MR. Chemical and pharmacological studies on fixed oil of Ocimum sanctum. Indian J Exp Biol. 1996 Dec;34(12):1212-5.

Singh S, Majumdar DK. Evaluation of the gastric antiulcer activity of fixed oil of Ocimum sanctum (Holy Basil). J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Apr;65(1):13-9.

Singh S. Comparative evaluation of antiinflammatory potential of fixed oil of different species of Ocimum and its possible mechanism of action. Indian J Exp Biol. 1998 Oct;36(10):1028-31.

Singh, G.B. et al. Toxicity and safety evaluation of boswellic acids. Phytomedicine. 3:87-90, 1996.

Singh, T.J. et al. Preliminary pharmacological investigations of Ocimum sanctum. Ind J Pharm. (4)32:92, 1970.

Singhal SS, Awasthi S, Pandya U, Piper JT, Saini MK, Cheng JZ, Awasthi YC. The effect of curcumin on glutathione-linked enzymes in K562 human leukemia cells. Toxicol Lett. 1999 Sep 20;109(1-2):87-95.

Sinha MK, Caro JF. Clinical aspects of leptin. Vitam Horm. 1998;54:1-30. Review.

Sinha S, et al. Picroliv, the iridoid glycoside fraction of Picrorhiza kurroa, selectively augments human T cell response to mycobacterial protein antigens.Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 1998 Nov;20(4):579-88.

Sinsheimer, J.E. et al. 1970. "Constituents from Gymnema sylvestre leaves. VI. Acylated genins of the gymnemic acids-isolated and preliminary characterization." J Pharm Sci. May;59(5):629-32.

Sliutz G, Speiser P, Schultz AM, Spona J, Zeillinger R. Agnus castus extracts inhibit prolactin secretion of rat pituitary cells. Horm Metab Res. 1993 May;25(5):253-5.

Smith E. Therapeutic Herb Manual, Herb Pharm, Williams, Oregon Pvt., 1991.

Smith KR, Corvalan CF, Kjellstrom T. How much global ill health is attributable to environmental factors? Epidemiology. 1999 Sep;10(5):573-84.

Smith R. Pa-Kua: Chinese Boxing for Fitness and Self-Defense. Tokyo, Kodansha International, 1983.

Smol'ianinov ES, Gol'dberg VE, Matiash MG, Ryzhakov VM, Boldyshev DA, Litvinenko VI, Dygai AM. [Effect of Scutellaria baicalensis extract on the immunologic status of patients with lung cancer receiving antineoplastic chemotherapy]. Eksp Klin Farmakol. 1997 Nov-Dec;60(6):49-51. Russian.

Smoliar VI, Karpilovskaia ED, Salii NS, Tsapko EV, Lavrushenko LF, Gulich MP, Kryshevich LP, Grigorenko SN. [Effect of a new sweetening agent from Stevia rebaudiana on animals]. Vopr Pitan. 1992 Jan-Feb;(1):60-3. Russian.

Smolina TP, Orlova TG, Shcheglovitova ON, Besednova NN. [Interferon-inducing action of polysaccharide-containing biopolymers from ginseng root and cell culture]. Antibiot Khimioter. 1998;43(11):21-3. Russian.

Smyth JF, Bowman A, Perren T, Wilkinson P, Prescott RJ, Quinn KJ, Tedeschi M. Glutathione reduces the toxicity and improves quality of life of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer treated with cisplatin: results of a double-blind, randomised trial. Ann Oncol. 1997 Jun;8(6):569-73.

Smyth RD, et al. The effect of a proteolytic enzyme (bromelain) on the antibacterial activity of cetylpyridinium chloride. Enzymologia. 1968 Feb 29;34(2):129-37.

Sodhi, V. Shilajeet Mumiyo.The treatment of BPH using Mumie-Vitas Preparation. Lik Sprava 1997. Nov-Dec;(6): 129-32. reported inAyush Herbs Bulletin. March, 2000.

Sokolov VE, Ushakova NA, Chernova OF, Shubkina AB, Alimbarova LM, Barinskii IF. [The anti-infective properties of mammalian earwax]. Izv Akad Nauk Ser Biol. 1995 Sep-Oct;(5):579-85. Russian.

Solan HA, Feldman J, Tujak L. Developing visual and reading efficiency in older adults. Vis Sci. 1995 Feb;72(2):139-45.

Soldatos CR. Insomnia in relation to depression and anxiety: epidemiologic considerations. J Psychosom Res. 1994;38 Suppl 1:3-8. Review.

Soliman KF, et al. In vitro attenuation of nitric oxide production in C6 astrocyte cell culture by various dietary compounds. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1998 Sep;218(4):390-7. College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Florida A and M University, Tallahassee 32307, USA. ksoliman@famu.edu.

Song Z, Johansen HK, Moser C, Hoiby N. Effects of Chinese medicinal herbs on a rat model of chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection. APMIS. 1996 May;104(5):350-4. Department of Clinical Microbiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Sonoda Y, et al. Stimulation of interleukin-8 production by acidic polysaccharides from the root of Panax ginseng. Immunopharmacology. 1998;Jan;38(3):287-94.

Soraka, J. & Beckenhauer, H.C. 1988. "The influence of ethanol on hepatic transmethylation." Alcohol. 23(1):73-7**

Sotaniemi EA, et al. Ginseng therapy in non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. Diabetes Care. 1995 Oct;18(10):1373-5.

Spaide RF, Ho-Spaide WC, Browne RW, Armstrong D. Characterization of peroxidized lipids in Bruch's membrane. Retina. 1999;19(2):141-7.

Sporn MB, Suh N. Chemoprevention of cancer. Carcinogenesis. 2000 Mar;21(3):525-30. Review.

Spraycar M & Randolph, E eds., Stedman's Medical Dictionary, 26th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilking, 1995.

Spurlock ME. Regulation of metabolism and growth during immune challenge: an overview of cytokine function. J Anim Sci. 1997 Jul;75(7):1773-83. Review.

Sreejayan, Rao MN. Nitric oxide scavenging by curcuminoids. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1997 Jan;49(1):105-7.

Sreejayan, Rao MN. Nitric oxide scavenging by curcuminoids. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1997 Jan;49(1):105-7.

Srivastava KC, et al. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) in rheumatism and musculoskeletal disorders. Med Hypotheses. 1992 Dec;39(4):342-8. Department of Environmental Medicine, Odense University, Denmark.

Srivastava, Y. et al. 1985. "Hypoglycemic and life-prolonging properties of Gymnema sylvestre leaf extract in diabetic rats." Isr J Med Sci. Jun;21(6):540-2.

Srivastava, Y. et al., Int J Crude Drug Res. 4:171-6, 1986.

Stafleau FA, et al. International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Utrecht, The Netherlands, Bohn, Scheltema & Hokema, 1978).

Stansbury, JE 1999. Botanical and Natural Therapies for Memory and Cognitive Function. Pocono Manor: Proceedings of the 10th AHG Annual Symposium.

Steiner M, et al. Changes in platelet function and susceptibility of lipoproteins to oxidation associated with administration of aged garlic extract. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1998 Jun;31(6):904-8. Division of Hematology/Oncology, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina 27858-4354, USA.

Steiner M, Lin RS. Changes in platelet function and susceptibility of lipoproteins to oxidation associated with administration of aged garlic extract. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1998 Jun;31(6):904-8.

Stenson,WF, et al. 1992. Dietary supplementation with fish oil in ulcerative colitis. Ann Int Med 116:609-14.

Stephan H, et al. Comparison of brain structure volumes in insectivora and primates. IV. Non-cortical visual structures. J Hirnforsch. 1984;25(4):385-403.

Stephan U. [Inpatient, day clinic and ambulatory care of children with lung diseases]. Monatsschr Kinderheilkd. 1984 Sep;132(9):640-2

Stevens JF, et al. A novel 2-hydroxyflavanone from collinsonia canadensis.J Nat Prod. 1999 Feb;62(2):392-4.

Stewart-DeHaan PJ, Dzialoszynski T, Trevithick JR. Modelling cortical cataractogenesis XXIV: uptake by the lens of glutathione injected into the rat. Mol Vis. 1999 Dec 22;5:37

Stobo J, Hellmann D, Landenson P, Petty B, Traill T. The Principles and Practice of Medicine, 23rd edition. Stamford: Appleton & Lang, 1996.

Strijbos PJ Nitric oxide in cerebral ischemic neurodegeneration and excitotoxicity. Crit Rev Neurobiol 1998;12(3):223-43

Struckmann JR. Clinical efficacy of micronized purified flavonoid fraction: an overview. J Vasc Res. 1999;36 Suppl 1:37-41. Review.

Su EY, et al. [Clinical observation on aplastic anemia treated by Spatholobus suberectus Composita]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1997 Apr;17(4):213-5. Department of Hygiene, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou.

Su SJ, Yeh TM, Lei HY, Chow NH. The potential of soybean foods as a chemoprevention approach for human urinary tract cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2000 Jan;6(1):230-6.

Su ZZ, et al. [Clinical and experimental study on effects of man-shen-ling oral liquid in the treatment of 100 cases of chronic nephritis]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1993 May;13(5):269-72, 259-60. Chinese

Subhan Z, Hindmarch I. The psychopharmacological effects of Ginkgo biloba extract in normal healthy volunteers. Int J Clin Pharmacol Res. 1984;4(2):89-93.

Sumiyoshi H. New pharmacological activities of garlic and its constituents. Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi. 1997;Oct;110 Suppl 1:93P-97P. Review.

Sun GX [Curative effect of combined traditional Chinese medicine with Western medicine therapy on chronic nephritis and its correlation with hemorheology and microcirculation]. [Article in Chinese] Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih 1993 Feb;13(2):80-3, 67-8 Hebei Provincial Hospital, Shijiazhuang.

Sundstrom H, Korpela H, Viinikka L, Kauppila A. Serum selenium and glutathione peroxidase, and plasma lipid peroxides in uterine, ovarian or vulvar cancer, and their responses to antioxidants in patients with ovarian cancer. Cancer Lett. 1984 Aug;24(1):1-10.

Suresh Babu P, Srinivasan K. Amelioration of renal lesions associated with diabetes by dietary curcumin in streptozotocin diabetic rats. Mol Cell Biochem. 1998 Apr;181(1-2):87-96.

Surh Y. Molecular mechanisms of chemopreventive effects of selected dietary and medicinal phenolic substances. Mutat Res. 1999 Jul 16;428(1-2):305-27. Review

Suttajit M, Vinitketkaumnuen U, Meevatee U, Buddhasukh D. Mutagenicity and human chromosomal effect of stevioside, a sweetener from Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni. Environ Health Perspect. 1993 Oct;101 Suppl 3:53-6.

Suttie JM, Fennessy PF, Lapwood KR, Corson ID Role of steroids in antler growth of red deer stags. J Exp Zool 1995 Feb 1;271(2):120-30.

Suttie JM, Li C, Sheard PW, Corson ID, Waldrup KA Effects of unilateral cranial sympathectomy either alone or with sensory nerve sectioning on pedicle growth in red deer (Cervus elaphus). J Exp Zool 1995 Feb 1;271(2):131-8.

Suttisri R, Lee IS, Kinghorn AD. Plant-derived triterpenoid sweetness inhibitors. J Ethnopharmacol. 1995 Jun 23;47(1):9-26. Review.

Suzuki O, et al Inhibition of monoamine oxidase by hypericin. Planta Medica, 50:272-74.

Svendsen TL, Ingerslev J, Mork A. [Is Letigen contraindicated in hypertension? A double-blind, placebo controlled multipractice study of Letigen administered to normotensive and adequately treated patients with hypersensitivity]. Ugeskr Laeger. 1998 Jun 29;160(27):4073-5.

Svoboda, R. 1989. Prakruti: Your Ayurvedic Constitution.: Lotus Light Publications, 1989 ISBN: 0945669003.

Svoboda, R. 1994. Hidden Secret of Ayurveda. Ayurvedic Press, Pune, 1994. ISBN: 1883725011.

Svoboda, R. Ayurveda: Life, Health and Longevity. London: Penguin, 1992.

Swank, RL, Digan BB Effect of low saturated fat diet in early and late cases of multiple sclerosis. Lancet 1990;336: 37-39.

Syed TA, Qureshi ZA, Ali SM, Ahmad S, Ahmad SA. Treatment of toenail onychomycosis with 2% butenafine and 5% Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil in cream. Trop Med Int Health. 1999 Apr;4(4):284-7.

Tabak M, et al. In vitro inhibition of Helicobacter pylori by extracts of thyme. J Appl Bacteriol. 1996 Jun;80(6):667-72.

Tahara E, Satoh T, Toriizuka K, Nagai H, Nunome S, Shimada Y, Itoh T, Terasawa K, Saiki I. Effect of Shimotsu-to (a Kampo medicine, Si-Wu-Tang) and its constituents on triphasic skin reaction in passively sensitized mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Dec 15;68(1-3):219-28.

Tai T, et al. Anti-emetic principles of Poria cocos. Planta Med. 1995 Dec;61(6):527-30. Central Research Laboratory Kotaro Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Osaka, Japan.

Takagi K, et al. [Pharmacological studies on Bupleurum falcatum L. II. Antiinflammatory and other pharmacological actions of crude saikosides]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 1969 Oct;89(10):1367-78. Japanese.

Takasaki M, et al. Anti-carcinogenic activity of Taraxacum plant. II. Biol Pharm Bull. 1999 Jun;22(6):606-10.

Takeda S, Endo T, Aburada M. Pharmacological studies on iridoid compounds. III. The choleretic mechanism of iridoid compounds. J Pharmacobiodyn. 1981 Aug;4(8):612-23.

Tamborini A, Taurelle R. [Value of standardized Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) in the management of congestive symptoms of premenstrual syndrome]. Rev Fr Gynecol Obstet. 1993 Jul-Sep;88(7-9):447-57. French.

Tan GT, Miller JF, Kinghorn AD, Hughes SH, Pezzuto JM. HIV-1 and HIV-2 reverse transcriptases: a comparative study of sensitivity to inhibition by selected natural products. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1992 May 29;185(1):370-8.

Tang G, Gu X, Hu S, Xu Q, Qin J, Dolnikowski GG, Fjeld CR, Gao X, Russell RM, Yin S. Green and yellow vegetables can maintain body stores of vitamin A in Chinese children. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Dec;70(6):1069-76.

Tang Z, et al. The preventing function of garlic on experimental oral precancer and its effect on natural killer cells, T-lymphocytes and interleukin-2. Hunan I Ko Ta Hsueh Hsueh Pao. 1997;22(3):246-8.

Tanner MA, Bu X, Steimle JA, Myers PR The Direct Release of Nitric Oxide by Gypenosides Derived from the Herb Gynostemma pentaphyllum. Nitric Oxide 1999 Oct;3(5):359-365.

Tannock IF, Hill, RP editors, The Basic Science of Oncology, 2nd edition. New York, McGraw-Hill, Inc.; 1992.

Tarantino MD. Treatment options for chronic immune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenia purpura in children. Semin Hematol. 2000 Jan;37(1 Suppl 1):35-41.

Tarantino MD. Treatment options for chronic immune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenia purpura in children. Semin Hematol. 2000 Jan;37(1 Suppl 1):35-41.

Tariq M, et al. Protective effect of fruit extracts of Emblica officinalis (Gaertn). & Terminalia belerica (Roxb.) in experimental myocardial necrosis in rats. Indian J Exp Biol. 1977 Jun;15(6):485-6.

Tasaka K, et al. Anti-allergic constituents in the culture medium of Ganoderma lucidum. (II). The inhibitory effect of cyclooctasulfur on histamine release. Agents Actions. 1988 Apr;23(3-4):157-60.

Taussig SJ, Batkin S Bromelain, the enzyme complex of pineapple (Ananas comosus) and its clinical application. An update. J Ethnopharmacol 1988 Feb-Mar;22(2):191-203 Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, School of Tropical Agriculture, University of Hawaii, Honolulu.

Taussig SJ, Batkin S. Bromelain, the enzyme complex of pineapple (Ananas comosus) and its clinical application. An update. J Ethnopharmacol. 1988 Feb-Mar;22(2):191-203. Review.

Teichmann W, Vogel HC. [Problems in hypertension therapy in patients with a constant frequency pacemaker]. Z Gesamte Inn Med. 1980 Nov 1;35(21):suppl 132-4. German.

Teucher T, et al. Cytokine secretion in whole blood of healthy subjects following oral administration of Urtica dioica L. plant extract.TITLE, YR, ETC?

Tewari SN, Wilson AK. Deglycyrrhizinated liquorice in duodenal ulcer. Practitioner. 1973 Jun;210(260):820-3.

Tezuka Y, Fan W, Kasimu R, Kadota S. Screening of crude drug extracts for prolyl endopeptidase inhibitory activity. Phytomedicine. 1999 Jul;6(3):197-203. Research Institute for Wakan-Yaku (Traditional Sino-Japanese Medicines), Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Japan.

Thakur CP, et al. Effect of Emblica officinalis on cholesterol-induced atherosclerosis in rabbits. Indian J Med Res. 1984 Jan;79:142-6.

Thakur CP, Thakur B, Singh S, Sinha PK, Sinha SK. The Ayurvedic medicines Haritaki, Amala and Bahira reduce cholesterol-induced atherosclerosis in rabbits. Int J Cardiol. 1988 Nov;21(2):167-75.

Thakur CP. Emblica officinalis reduces serum, aortic and hepatic cholesterol in rabbits. Experientia. 1985 Mar 15;41(3):423-4.

Thamsborg SM, et al. Putative effect of silymarin on sawfly (Arge pullata)-induced hepatotoxicosis in sheep. Vet Hum Toxicol. 1996 Apr;38(2):89-91. Institut fur Physiologische Chemie, Universitatsklinikum, Essen, Germany.

Thappa DM, et al. Nodulocystic acne: oral gugulipid versus tetracycline. J Dermatol. 1994 Oct;21(10):729-31. Department of Dermatology, C.G.H.S., Bajaj Nagar, Jaipur, India.

Thatte U, Bagadey S, Dahanukar S. Modulation of programmed cell death by medicinal plants. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2000 Feb;46(1):199-214. Review.

Thatte UM, Dahanukar SA. Comparative study of immunomodulating activity of Indian medicinal plants, lithium carbonate and glucan. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 1988 Oct;10(10):639-44. Department of Pharmacology, Seth G.S. Medical College, Bombay, India.

Thatte UM, et al. Tinospora cordifolia induces colony stimulating activity in serum. J Postgrad Med. 1994;Oct-Dec;40(4):202-3.

Thomas CE, McLean LR, Parker RA, Ohlweiler DF. Ascorbate and phenolic antioxidant interactions in prevention of liposomal oxidation. Lipids. 1992 Jul;27(7):543-50.

Thomas PK. Diabetic peripheral neuropathies: their cost to patient and society and the value of knowledge of risk factors for development of interventions. Eur Neurol. 1999;41 Suppl 1:35-43. Review.

Thomas, CL ed., 1977 Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, Philadelphia, F.A. Davis Co.

Thompson LU. Experimental studies on lignans and cancer. Baillieres Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Dec;12(4):691-705.

Thompson, L, et al., Mammalian lignan production from various foods, Nutr Cancer 16:43-52, 1991.

Thorat S, Dahanukar S. Can we dispense with Ayurvedic samskaras? J Postgrad Med. 1991 Jul;37(3):157-9. Department of Pharmacology, Seth G. S. Medical College, Bombay, Maharashtra.

Thorat SP, et al. Emblica officinalis: a novel therapy for acute pancreatitis--an experimental study. HPB Surg. 1995;9(1):25-30. Department of Pharmacology, Seth G. S. Medical College, Bombay, India.

Thurman RG, et al. The role of gut-derived bacterial toxins and free radicals in alcohol-induced liver injury. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1998 Sep;13 Suppl:S39-50. Review.

Thurman, FM The treatment of psoriasis with sarsaparilla compound NEJM 227:128-33, 1942.

Tierra, M Planetary Herbology, Sante Fe, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisc., 1988.

Timoshenko AV, et al. Modification of the functional activity of neutrophils treated with acute phase response proteins. Biochemistry (Mosc). 1998;May;63(5):546-50.

Tirosh O, Sen CK, Roy S, Kobayashi MS, Packer L Neuroprotective effects of alpha-lipoic acid and its positively charged amide analogue. Free Radic Biol Med. 1999 Jun;26(11-12):1418-26.

Tiwari VC, Tiwari KC and JoshiP 1973 An Interpretation of Ayurvedic Findings on Shilajatu. Journal of Research in Indigenous Medicine, (8), p. 57, 1973.

Tjokroprawiro A, Pikir BS, Budhiarta AA, Pranawa, Soewondo H, Donosepoetro M, Budhianto FX, Wibowo JA, Tanuwidjaja SJ, Pangemanan M, et al. Metabolic effects of onion and green beans on diabetic patients. Tohoku J Exp Med. 1983 Dec;141 Suppl:671-6.

To TQ, Townsend JC. Ocular toxicity of systemic medications: a case series. J Am Optom Assoc. 2000 Jan;71(1):29-39.

Toda M; Okubo S; Ohnishi R; Shimamura T. [Antibacterial and bactericidal activities of Japanese green tea]. Nippon Saikingaku Zasshi 44:669-672; 1989.

Todd FG, et al. Tropane alkaloids and toxicity of Convolvulus arvensis. Phytochemistry. 1995 May;39(2):301-3.

Tohda Y, Haraguchi R, Kubo H, Muraki M, Fukuoka M, Nakajima S. Effects of saiboku-to on the survival of human eosinophils. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 1999 Jun;21(5):327-30.

Tominaga M, Kimura M, Sugiyama K, Abe T, Igarashi K, Igarashi M, Eguchi H, Sekikawa A, Ogawa A, Manaka H, et al. Effects of seishin-renshi-in and Gymnema sylvestre on insulin resistance in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1995 Jul;29(1):11-7.

Tomoda M, et al. Structural features and anti-complementary activity of rehmannan SA, a polysaccharide from the root of Rehmannia glutinosa. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1994 Aug;42(8):1666-8.

Tomoda M, Gonda R, Ohara N, Shimizu N, Shishido C, Fujiki Y. A glucan having reticuloendothelial system-potentiating and anti-complementary activities from the tuber of Pinellia ternata. Biol Pharm Bull. 1994 Jun;17(6):859-61.

Tong Q. [Deuteration of dimethyl 4,4'-dimethoxy-5,6,5',6'-dimethylenedioxybiphenyl-2,2'-dicarboxylate (BDD): a remedy for chronic hepatitis]. Chung Kuo I Hsueh Ko Hsueh Yuan Hsueh Pao. 1990 Feb;12(1):42-5. Chinese. PUMC Hospital, Beijing.

Torreilles F, et al. Neurodegenerative disorders: the role of peroxynitrite. Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 1999 Aug;30(2):153-63.

Torres-Duran PV, Miranda-Zamora R, Paredes-Carbajal MC, Mascher D, Ble-Castillo J, Diaz-Zagoya JC, Juarez-Oropeza MA. Studies on the preventive effect of Spirulina maxima on fatty liver development induced by carbon tetrachloride, in the rat. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Feb;64(2):141-7.

Torrissen OJ. Antioxidants in Muscle Foods. Ch. 11, Dietary Delivery of Carotenoids. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2000.

Tripathi YB, et al. Thyroid stimulatory action of (Z)-guggulsterone: mechanism of action. Planta Med. 1988 Aug;54(4):271-7.

Tripathi YB, Tripathi P, Upadhyay BN. Assessment of the adrenergic beta-blocking activity of Inula racemosa. J Ethnopharmacol. 1988 May-Jun;23(1):3-9.

Trivedi, VP et al. Clinical study of the anti-tussive and antiasthmatic effect of Vibhitakphal Churna (Terminalis bellerica) in the case of kasa-swasa. J Res Ayur Siddha 1982 3(1&2): 1-8.

Trochon V, Blot E, Cymbalista F, Engelmann C, Tang RP, Thomaidis A, Vasse M, Soria J, Lu H, Soria C. Apigenin inhibits endothelial-cell proliferation in G(2)/M phase whereas it stimulates smooth-muscle cells by inhibiting P21 and P27 expression. Int J Cancer. 2000 Mar 1;85(5):691-6.

Trubestein-G Salai Guggal - Indian incense for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Biologische-Medizin. 1999, 28: 3, 121-124: 21 ref..

Tseng J, et al. Suppression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-6 and granulocyte-monocyte colony stimulating factor secretion from human monocytes by an extract of Poria cocos. Chung Hua Min Kuo Wei Sheng Wu Chi Mien I Hsueh Tsa Chih. 1992 Feb;25(1):1-11. Department of Biology, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, ROC.

Tseng SC, Maumenee AE, Stark WJ, Maumenee IH, Jensen AD, Green WR, Kenyon KR. Topical retinoid treatment for various dry-eye disorders. Ophthalmology. 1985 Jun;92(6):717-27.

Tsutsumi M, Kitada H, Shiraiwa K, Takahama M, Tsujiuchi T, Sakitani H, Sasaki Y, Murakawa K, Yoshimoto M, Konishi Y. Inhibitory effects of combined administration of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs on lung tumor development initiated by N-nitrosobis(2-hydroxypropyl)amine in rats. Carcinogenesis. 2000 Feb;21(2):251-6

Tu LH, Huang DR, Zhang RQ, Shen Q, Yu YY, Hong YF, Li GH. Regulatory action of Astragalus saponins and buzhong yiqi compound on synthesis of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antibody in vitro for myasthenia gravis. Chin Med J (Engl). 1994 Apr;107(4):300-3.

Tutuncu NB, Bayraktar M, Varli K. Reversal of defective nerve conduction with vitamin E supplementation in type 2 diabetes: a preliminary study. Diabetes Care. 1998 Nov;21(11):1915-8.

Tyler, V. 1994. Herbs of Choice: The Therapeutic Use of Phytomedicinals. New York: Pharmaceutical Products Press.

Ubels JL, Dennis MH, Mitchell JH, Wiley LA, Curley RW Jr. Biological activity of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide-O-glucuronide in corneal and conjunctival cells of rabbits and humans. Curr Eye Res. 1995 Dec;14(12):1115-24.

Uchida S, Ozaki M, Suzuki K, Shikita M. Radioprotective effects of (-)-epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate (green-tea tannin) in mice. Life Sci 50:147-152; 1992.

Uchiyama T, Kamikawa H, Ogita Z. [Anti-ulcer effect of extract from phellodendri cortex]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 1989 Sep;109(9):672-6. Japanese.

Udupa AL, Udupa SL, Guruswamy MN. The possible site of anti-asthmatic action of Tylophora asthmatica on pituitary-adrenal axis in albino rats. Planta Med. 1991 Oct;57(5):409-13.

Uebelhack R, Franke L, Schewe HJ. Inhibition of platelet MAO-B by kava pyrone-enriched extract from Piper methysticum Forster (kava-kava). Pharmacopsychiatry. 1998 Sep;31(5):187-92.

Ultee A, Kets EP, Smid EJ. Mechanisms of action of carvacrol on the food-borne pathogen Bacillus cereus. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999 Oct;65(10):4606-10.

Uma Devi P, Ganasoundari A, Rao BS, Srinivasan KK. In vivo radioprotection by ocimum flavonoids: survival of mice. Radiat Res. 1999 Jan;151(1):74-8.

Uma Devi P, Ganasoundari A, Rao BS, Srinivasan KK. In vivo radioprotection by ocimum flavonoids: survival of mice. Radiat Res. 1999 Jan;151(1):74-8.

Unschuld, P Medicine in China: A History of Ideas, Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1985.

Upadhyay SN, Dhawan S, Garg S, Talwar GP. Immunomodulatory effects of neem (Azadirachta indica) oil. Int J Immunopharmacol. 1992 Oct;14(7):1187-93.

Upadhyay SN, Dhawan S, Talwar GP. Antifertility effects of neem (Azadirachta indica) oil in male rats by single intra-vas administration: an alternate approach to vasectomy. J Androl. 1993 Jul-Aug;14(4):275-81.

Upadhyay SN, Kaushic C, Talwar GP. Antifertility effects of neem (Azadirachta indica) oil by single intrauterine administration: a novel method for contraception. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1990 Dec 22;242(1305):175-9.

Upton, R Hawthorn Berry, Cratageous spp. Analytical, Quality Control and Therapeutic Monograph, Santa Cruz: American Herbal Pharmacopoeia, June 1999.

Upton, R Schisandra Berry, Schisandra chinensis. Analytical, Quality Control and Therapeutic Monograph, Santa Cruz: American Herbal Pharmacopoeia, October 1999.

Ursini F, Tubaro F, Rong J, Sevanian A. Optimization of nutrition: polyphenols and vascular protection. Nutr Rev. 1999 Aug;57(8):241-9. Review.

Usuki S. Blended effects of herbal components of tokishakuyakusan on rat corpus luteum function in vivo. Am J Chin Med. 1988;16(3-4):107-16.

Usuki S. Effects of hachimijiogan, tokishakuyakusan and keishibukuryogan on estrogen and progesterone secretions by rat preovulatory follicles. Am J Chin Med. 1986;14(3-4):161-70.

Usuki S. Effects of Tokishakuyakusan and its components on rat corpus luteum function in vitro. Am J Chin Med. 1988;16(1-2):11-9.

Usuki S. Hachimijiogan and Tokishakuyakusan enhance deoxyribonucleic acid alpha-nucleotidyltransferase activity in relationship to DNA synthesis by ovarian follicles via a cyclic AMP system Am J Chin Med. 1988;16(1-2):37-46.

Usuki S. Hachimijiogan changes serum hormonal circumstance and improves spermatogenesis in oligozoospermic men. Am J Chin Med. 1986;14(1-2):37-45.

Usuki S. Tokishakuyakusan stimulates cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate accumulation and progestin production by corpora lutea. Am J Chin Med. 1988;16(1-2):21-8.

Utsunomiya T, et al. Glycyrrhizin, an active component of licorice roots, reduces morbidity and mortality of mice infected with lethal doses of influenza virus. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 1997;Mar;41(3):551-6.

Utter A, Goss F Exercise and gall bladder function. Sports Med 1997 Apr;23(4):218-27

Vadiraja BB, Gaikwad NW, Madyastha KM. Hepatoprotective effect of C-phycocyanin: protection for carbon tetrachloride and R-(+)-pulegone-mediated hepatotoxicty in rats. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Aug 19;249(2):428-31.

Vagbhata, A.H. Trans. by Murthy, K.R. Vols 1-2. Krishnadas Academy: Varanasi, India, 1991-2.

Vahlensieck W Jr, et al. [Drug therapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia]. Fortschr Med. 1996 Nov 10;114(31):407-11. Review. German.

Vaishwanar I, et al. Effect of two Ayurvedic drugs Shilajeet & Eclinol on changes in liver & serum lipids produced by carbon tetrachloride. Indian J Exp Biol. 1976 Jan;14(1):57-8.

Valenzuela A, et al. Selectivity of silymarin on the increase of the glutathione content in different tissues of the rat. Planta Med. 1989 Oct;55(5):420-2.

Valsaraj R, Pushpangadan P, Smitt UW, Adsersen A, Christensen SB, Sittie A, Nyman U, Nielsen C, Olsen CE. New anti-HIV-1, antimalarial, and antifungal compounds from Terminalia bellerica. J Nat Prod. 1997 Jul;60(7):739-42.

van der Nat JM, 't Hart LA, van der Sluis WG, van Dijk H, van den Berg AJ, de Silva KT, Labadie RP. Characterization of anti-complement compounds from Azadirachta indica. J Ethnopharmacol. 1989 Nov;27(1-2):15-24.

van der Nat JM, van der Sluis WG, de Silva KT, Labadie RP. Ethnopharmacognostical survey of Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Meliaceae). J Ethnopharmacol. 1991 Oct;35(1):1-24. Review.

van het Hof KH, Tijburg LB, Pietrzik K, Weststrate JA. Influence of feeding different vegetables on plasma levels of carotenoids, folate and vitamin C. Effect of disruption of the vegetable matrix. Br J Nutr. 1999 Sep;82(3):203-12.

van Soest S, Westerveld A, de Jong PT, Bleeker-Wagemakers EM, Bergen AA. Retinitis pigmentosa: defined from a molecular point of view. Surv Ophthalmol. 1999 Jan-Feb;43(4):321-34. Review.

Vanderhague, L and Bouic, P.The Immune Sustem Cure New York: Kensington books, 1999.

Vanderhoof JA, Whitney DB, Antonson DL, Hanner TL, Lupo JV, Young RJ. Lactobacillus GG in the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children. J Pediatr. 1999 Nov;135(5):564-8.

Vanderhoof JA. Immunonutrition: the role of carbohydrates. Nutrition. 1998 Jul-Aug;14(7-8):595-8. Review.

Varalakshmi P, Shamila Y, Latha E. Effect of Crataeva nurvala in experimental urolithiasis. J Ethnopharmacol. 1990 Mar;28(3):313-21.

Velasco-Velazquez MA, et al. [Integrins and integrin-associated molecules: targets for the development of antimetastatic therapies]. Rev Invest Clin. 1999 May-Jun;51(3):183-93. Review. Spanish. Departamento de Farmacologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Mexico, D.F. marcovelasco@hotmail.com

Villalba JJ, Provenza FD. Preference for wheat straw by lambs conditioned with intraruminal infusions of starch. Br J Nutr. 1997 Feb;77(2):287-97.

Vinson JA, et al. Effect of green and black tea supplementation on lipids, lipid oxidation and fibrinogen in the hamster: mechanisms for the epidemiological benefits of tea drinking. FEBS Lett. 1998 Aug 14;433(1-2):44-6. Chemistry Department, University of Scranton, PA 18510, USA. vinson@tiger.uofs.edu.

Visalyaputra S, et al. The efficacy of ginger root in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting after outpatient gynaecological laparoscopy. Anaesthesia. 1998 May;53(5):506-10

Visioli F, Bellosta S, Galli C. Oleuropein, the bitter principle of olives, enhances nitric oxide production by mouse macrophages. Life Sciences. 1998;62:6, 541-546: 20 ref.

Vobecky J, Simard A, Vobecky JS, Ghadirian P, Lamothe-Guay M, Falardeau M. Nutritional profile of women with fibrocystic breast disease. Int J Epidemiol. 1993 Dec;22(6):989-99.

Vogler BK, Pittler MH, Ernst E. Feverfew as a preventive treatment for migraine: a systematic review. Cephalalgia. 1998 Dec;18(10):704-8.

Volz HP, Kieser M. Kava-kava extract WS 1490 versus placebo in anxiety disorders--a randomized placebo-controlled 25-week outpatient trial. Pharmacopsychiatry. 1997 Jan;30(1):1-5.

von Poser G, Andrade HH, da Silva KV, Henriques AT, Henriques JA. Genotoxic, mutagenic and recombinogenic effects of rauwolfia alkaloids. Mutat Res. 1990 Sep;232(1):37-43.

von Woedtke T, Schluter B, Pflegel P, Lindequist U, Julich WD. Aspects of the antimicrobial efficacy of grapefruit seed extract and its relation to preservative substances contained. Pharmazie. 1999 Jun;54(6):452-6.

Wagner H, et al. Immunologic studies of plant combination preparations. In-vitro and in-vivo studies on the stimulation of phagocytosis. Arzneimittelforschung. 1991;Oct;41(10):1072-6.

Wagner, H. et al. 1986. "Coumestans as the main active principles of the liver drugs Eclipta alba and Wedelia calendulacea." Planta Med. Oct;(5):370-4.

Wakabayashi T et al. Immunomodulating activities of polysaccharide fractions from dried safflower petals. Cytotechnology. 1997;25:1/3, 205-211: 23 ref.

Walker AR, Walker BF, Walker AJ. Faecal pH, dietary fibre intake, and proneness to colon cancer in four South African populations. Br J Cancer. 1986 Apr;53(4):489-95

Walker AR. The relationship between bowel cancer and fiber content in the diet. Am J Clin Nutr. 1978 Oct;31(10 Suppl):S248-S251.

Walsh JK, Engelhardt CL. The direct economic costs of insomnia in the United States for 1995. Sleep. 1999 May 1;22 Suppl 2:S386-93.

Wang A, Cao Y, Wang Y, Zhao R, Liu C. [Effects of Chinese ginseng root and stem-leaf saponins on learning, memory and biogenic monoamines of brain in rats]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1995 Aug;20(8):493-5, inside backcover. Chinese.

Wang HH. Antitrichomonal action of emodin in mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 1993 Oct;40(2):111-6.

Wang HX, Ng TB. Natural products with hypoglycemic, hypotensive, hypocholesterolemic, antiatherosclerotic and antithrombotic activities. Life Sci. 1999;65(25):2663-77. Review.

Wang LF, Luo H, Miyoshi M, Imoto T, Hiji Y, Sasaki T. Inhibitory effect of gymnemic acid on intestinal absorption of oleic acid in rats. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1998 Oct-Nov;76(10-11):1017-23.

Wang LX, Han ZW. [The effect of Astragalus polysaccharide on endotoxin-induced toxicity in mice]. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao. 1992;27(1):5-9. Chinese.

Wang RQ, et al. [Intraperitoneal perfusion of compound injection of salvia miltiorrhiza with dachengqi decoction in treating adhesive intestinal obstruction]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1994 Oct;14(10):595-7. Shaoxing People's Hospital, Zhejiang.

Wang SR, Guo ZQ, Liao JZ. [Experimental study on effects of 18 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine for synthesis of thromboxane A2 and PGI2]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1993 Mar;13(3):167-70, 134. Chinese.

Wang SY, et al. The anti-tumor effect of Ganoderma lucidum is mediated by cytokines released from activated macrophages and T lymphocytes. International Journal of Cancer. 1997;70:6, 699-705:28 ref.

Wang XM, Xie ZF. [A clinical study of the effect of wuzi yanzong solution in retarding aging process]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1992 Jan;12(1):23-5, 5. Chinese

Wang Y, et al. [The effect of angelica polysaccharide on proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitor cell]. Chung Hua I Hsueh Tsa Chih. 1996 May;76(5):363-6. Department of Histology and Embryology, Chongqing University of Medical Sciences.

Wang ZW, et al. [Observation of therapeutic effect by combined administration of Salvia miltiorrhiza, ligustrazine and Panax notoginseng on late hemorrhagic shock of rabbits]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1997 May;17(5):292-4. Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Hubei Medical University, Wuhan.

Wang ZY, Huang MT, Lou YR, et al. Inhibitory effects of black tea, green tea, decaffeinated black tea, and decaffeinated green tea on ultraviolet B light-induced skin carcinogenesis in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-initiated SKH-1 mice. Cancer Res 54:3428-3435; 1994.

Warner JE, Lessell S, Rizzo JF 3rd, Newman NJ. Does optic disc appearance distinguish ischemic optic neuropathy from optic neuritis? Arch Ophthalmol. 1997 Nov;115(11):1408-10.

Warren, R.P. et al. 1969. "Inhibition of the sweet taste by Gymnema sylvestre." Nature. Jul5;223(201):94-5.

Wasser S, et al. Salvia miltiorrhiza reduces experimentally-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats. J Hepatol. 1998 Nov;29(5):760-71. Department of Pediatric Surgery, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore, Singapore. swasser@kkh.com.sg.

Wasser SP, et al. Therapeutic effects of substances occurring in higher Basidiomycetes mushrooms: a modern perspective. Crit Rev Immunol. 1999;19(1):65-96.

Wattenberg LW, et al. Inhibition of carcinogenesis by some minor dietary constituents. Princess Takamatsu Symp. 1985;16:193-203. Review

Wattenberg LW, Hanley AB, Barany G, Sparnins VL, Lam LK, Fenwick GR. Inhibition of carcinogenesis by some minor dietary constituents. Princess Takamatsu Symp. 1985;16:193-203. Review.

Waynsberg J Aphrodisiacs: Contribution to the clinical validation of the traditional use of Ptychopetalum guyanna. Presented at the First International Congress on Ethnopharmacology, Strasbourg, France, June 5-9, 1990.

Wedi B, Kapp A. Helicobacter pylori infection and skin diseases. J Physiol Pharmacol. 1999 Dec;50(5):753-76. Review.

Wei XL, et al. [Effects of low-molecular-weight Rehmannia glutinosa polysaccharides on p53 gene expression]. Chung Kuo Yao Li Hsueh Pao. 1997 Sep;18(5):471-4. Chinese

Wei XL, Ru XB. [Effects of low-molecular-weight Rehmannia glutinosa polysaccharides on p53 gene expression]. Chung Kuo Yao Li Hsueh Pao. 1997 Sep;18(5):471-4. Chinese.

Wei Z, Peng Q, Lau BH, Shah V. Ginkgo biloba inhibits hydrogen peroxide-induced activation of nuclear factor kappa B in vascular endothelial cells. Gen Pharmacol. 1999 Nov;33(5):369-75.

Weihmayr T, Ernst E. [Therapeutic effectiveness of Crataegus]. Fortschr Med. 1996 Jan 20;114(1-2):27-9. Review. German.

Weikl A, et al. [Crataegus Special Extract WS 1442. Assessment of objective effectiveness in patients with heart failure]. Fortschr Med. 1996 Aug 30;114(24):291-6

Weiland SK, von Mutius E, Husing A, Asher MI. Intake of trans fatty acids and prevalence of childhood asthma and allergies in Europe. ISAAC Steering Committee. Lancet. 1999 Jun 12;353(9169):2040-1.

Weiss RF, Herbal Medicine, 6th German ed., Stuttgart: Hippokrates Verlag GmbH, 1988.

Weiss S, et al. [Crossed double-blind trial of potassium iodide and bromelain (Traumanase) in chronic bronchitis]. Schweiz Rundsch Med Prax. 1972 Oct 24;61(43):1331-3. German.

Welch, H and Seidel, A (eds), Facets of Taoism: Essays in Chinese Religions, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1979.

Wen J, et al. Phylogeny and biogeography of Panax L. (the ginseng genus, araliaceae): inferences from ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 1996 Oct;6(2):167-77. Laboratory of Molecular Systematics, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA.

Weng WL, et al. Therapeutic effect of Crataegus pinnatifida on 46 cases of angina pectoris--a double blind study. J Tradit Chin Med. 1984 Dec;4(4):293-4.

Wenlong, D.. Research Progress in the Prevention and Treatment of Endotoxic Diseases With Traditional Chinese Medicine Presented at the International Conference for the Clinical Application of Herbs, Chengdu University of TCM, 1994.

Wesnes KA, Faleni RA, Hefting NR, Hoogsteen G, Houben JJ, Jenkins E, Jonkman JH, Leonard J, Petrini O, van Lier JJ. The cognitive, subjective, and physical effects of a ginkgo biloba/panax ginseng combination in healthy volunteers with neurasthenic complaints. Psychopharmacol Bull. 1997;33(4):677-83.

Wessely S, et al. The prevalence and morbidity of chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome: a prospective primary care study. Am J Public Health. 1997 Sep;87(9):1449-55

Wheat bran fiber and development of adenomatous polyps: evidence from randomized, controlled clinical trials. Am J Med. 1999 Jan 25;106(1A):38S-42S. Review.

White HL, Scates PW, Cooper BR. Extracts of Ginkgo biloba leaves inhibit monoamine oxidase. Life Sci. 1996;58(16):1315-21.

White PC, Mune T, Agarwal AK. 11 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and the syndrome of apparent mineralocorticoid excess. Endocr Rev. 1997 Feb;18(1):135-56. Review.

Wiederholt M, Thieme H, Stumpff F The regulation of trabecular meshwork and ciliary muscle contractility. Prog Retin Eye Res 2000 May;19(3):271-95

Wildfeuer A, et al. The effects of plant preparations on cellular functions in body defense. Arzneimittelforschung. 1994;Mar;44(3):361-6.

Williams CA, Harborne JB, Geiger H, Hoult JR. The flavonoids of Tanacetum parthenium and T. vulgare and their anti-inflammatory properties. Phytochemistry. 1999 Jun;51(3):417-23.

Williams CA, Harborne JB, Geiger H, Hoult JR. The flavonoids of Tanacetum parthenium and T. vulgare and their anti-inflammatory properties. Phytochemistry. 1999 Jun;51(3):417-23.

Williams GM, Whysner J Epigenetic carcinogens: evaluation and risk assessment. Exp Toxicol Pathol. 1996 Feb;48(2-3):189-95. Review.

Wilson CE. Sudden infant death syndrome and Canadian Aboriginals: bacteria and infections. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1999 Aug 1;25(1-2):221-6.

Winick M, Noble A, Cellular response in rats during malnutrition at various ages. J Nutr 89:300-306, 1966.

Winston, D. Energetics of Herbs for the Respiratory System. Broadway: Herbalists & Alchemists (tape), 1999.

Winston, D. Saw Palmetto for Men & Women. Pownal: Storey Books, 1999.

Winterhoff H, et al. Endocrine effects of Lycopus europaeus L. following oral application. Arzneimittelforschung. 1994 Jan;44(1):41-5.

Winterhoff, H. et al. 1994. "Endocrine effects of Lycopus europaeus L. following oral applications." Arzneimittelforschung. Jan;44(1):41-5.

Woeber KA. Subclinical thyroid dysfunction. Arch Intern Med. 1997 May 26;157(10):1065-8.

Wolpe, P.. "The maintenance of professional authority: Acupuncture and the American physician." Social Problems. June;33:5, 1985

Wolverton, BC 1997 How to Grow Fresh Air : 50 Houseplants That Purify Your Home or Office Penguin USA (Paper); ISBN: 0140262431

Won SJ, et al. Ganoderma tsugae mycelium enhances splenic natural killer cell activity and serum interferon production in mice. Jpn J Pharmacol. 1992;Jun;59(2):171-6.

Wong BY, Lau BH, Tadi PP, Teel RW. Chinese medicinal herbs modulate mutagenesis, DNA binding and metabolism of aflatoxin B1. Mutat Res. 1992 Jun 1;279(3):209-16.

Wong GY, Bradlow L, Sepkovic D, Mehl S, Mailman J, Osborne MP. Dose-ranging study of indole-3-carbinol for breast cancer prevention. J Cell Biochem Suppl. 1997;28-29:111-6.

Wong JB, Davis GL, Pauker SG. Cost effectiveness of ribavirin/interferon alfa-2b after interferon relapse in chronic hepatitis C. Am J Med. 2000 Apr 1;108(5):366.

Woodruff TJ, Grillo J, Schoendorf KC. The relationship between selected causes of postneonatal infant mortality and particulate air pollution in the United States. Environ Health Perspect. 1997 Jun;105(6):608-12.

Wright AJ, Hughes DA, Bailey AL, Southon S. Beta-carotene and lycopene, but not lutein, supplementation changes the plasma fatty acid profile of healthy male non-smokers. J Lab Clin Med. 1999 Dec;134(6):592-8.

Wright S, Bolton C. Breast milk fatty acids in mothers of children with atopic eczema. Br J Nutr. 1989 Nov;62(3):693-7.

Wright, J. 1997 Gout Nutr and Healing, Dec 4(1);1-9, 1997.

Wright, J. Dr. Wright's Guide to Healing with Nutrition, Keats Publishing: New Canaan, 1990.

Wright, J. Importance of good digestion" Nutr and Healing Jul (6)7;1-9, 1999.

Wright, J. Treatment of lupus. Nutr and Healing Dec 2(12);1-6., 1995.

Wu JB, Chun YT, Ebizuka Y, Sankawa U Biologically active constituents of Centipeda minima: sesquiterpenes of potential anti-allergy activity. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 1991 Dec;39(12):3272-5 Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Japan.

Wu SH, Bresnahan BA, Lianos EA. Hemodynamic role of arachidonate 12- and 5-lipoxygenases in nephrotoxic serum nephritis. Kidney Int. 1993 Jun;43(6):1280-5.

Wu T, Cui L, Zhang Z, Chen Z, Li Q, Liao J, Huang L. [Experimental study on antagonizing action of herba Epimedii on side effects induced by glucocorticoids]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1996 Dec;21(12):748-51, 763. Chinese.

Wu TW, et al. Effect of sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate in the rabbit myocardium and on human cardiomyocytes and vascular endothelial cells. Biochem Pharmacol. 1993 Dec 14;46(12):2327-32. Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Wu W, et al. The effect of radix Salviae miltiorrhizae on the changes of ultrastructure in rat brain after cerebral ischemia. J Tradit Chin Med. 1992 Sep;12(3):183-6. Neurotransmitter Research Laboratory, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Postgraduate Military Medical School, Beijing.

Wu WR, Zhu XZ. Involvement of monoamine oxidase inhibition in neuroprotective and neurorestorative effects of Ginkgo biloba extract against MPTP-induced nigrostriatal dopaminergic toxicity in C57 mice. Life Sci. 1999;65(2):157-64.

Wu X. [Oscillatory potentials in retinitis pigmentosa with TCM treatment]. Chung Kuo I Hsueh Ko Hsueh Yuan Hsueh Pao. 1995 Feb;17(1):30-5. Chinese.

Wu XW, Tang YZ. [Study on treatment of retinitis pigmentosa with traditional Chinese medicine by Flicker electroretinogram]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1996 Jun;16(6):336-9. Chinese.

Wu Y. [Scavenging action of green tea extracts on singlet oxygen and preventive effect on lipid peroxidation] Chung Kuo I Hsueh Ko Hsueh Yuan Hsueh Pao 15:354-359; 1993.

Wustenberg P, Henneicke-von Zepelin HH, Kohler G, Stammwitz U. Efficacy and mode of action of an immunomodulator herbal preparation containing Echinacea, wild indigo, and white cedar. Adv Ther. 1999 Jan-Feb;16(1):51-70. Review.

Wyatt RJ, Engelman K, Kupfer DJ, Fram DH, Sjoerdsma A, Snyder F. Effects of L-tryptophan (a natural sedative) on human sleep. Lancet. 1970 Oct 24;2(7678):842-6.

Xie JY, et al. Effect of radix Codonopsis pilosulae on cytochemical changes in macrophages. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1985;Aug;5(8):487-8, 453.

Xie M, et al. [Clinical research of compound salviae miltiorrhizae injection for severe pancreatitis]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1995 May;15(5):269-70. Nanjing Gulou Hospital.

Xu J, Zhong NS. Mechanisms of bronchial hyperresponsiveness: the interaction of endothelin-1 and other cytokines. Respirology. 1999 Dec;4(4):413-7. Review.

Xu JP. [Research on liu wei Rehmannia oral liquid against side-effect of drugs of anti-tumor chemotherapy]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1992 Dec;12(12):734-7, 709-10. Chinese.

Xu JP. [Research on liu wei Rehmannia oral liquid against side-effect of drugs of anti-tumor chemotherapy]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1992 Dec;12(12):734-7, 709-10. Chinese.

Xu L, Fan J. [Treatment of idiopathic sudden hearing loss by diatrizoate meglumine and a compound injection of Salvia miltiorrhiza. An analysis of the therapeutic effect in 50 cases]. Ssu Chuan I Hsueh Yuan Hsueh Pao. 1984 Jun;15(2):186-9. Chinese.

Xu Q, et al. [Blood-lipid decreasing action of total saponins of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1993 Jun;18(6):367-8, 383. Guilin Medical College.

Xu QA, Mori H, Sakamoto O, Uesugi Y, Koda A. Immunological mechanisms of antitumor activity of some kinds of crude drugs on tumor necrosis factor production. Int J Immunopharmacol. 1989;11(6):607-13.

Xu YM, Lu PC. [Experimental studies on immunostimulatory effects of the Isatis indigotica polysaccharide]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1991 Jun;11(6):357-9, 325-6. Chinese.

Xue JX, et al. [Effects of the combination of Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. (AM), Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels (TAS), Cyperus rotundus L. (CR), Ligusticum chuangxiong Hort (LC) and Peaonia veitchii lynch (PV) on the hemorheological changes in "blood stagnating" rats]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1994 Feb;19(2):108-10, 128.

Xuejiang W, et al. Prevention and repair of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by Chinese herbal medicine, Shengmai San, in rats. Free Radic Res. 1999 Nov;31(5):449-55. Department of Radiochemistry-Biophysics, Niigata College of Pharmacy, Japan.

Yabu Y, Nose M, Koide T, Ohta N, Ogihara Y. Antitrypanosomal effects of traditional Chinese herbal medicines on bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense in vitro. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1998 Sep;29(3):599-604.

Yadav SK, Jain AK, Tripathi SN, Gupta JP. Irritable bowel syndrome: therapeutic evaluation of indigenous drugs. Indian J Med Res. 1989 Dec;90:496-503 Irritable bowel syndrome: therapeutic evaluation of indigenous drugs.

Yamada H. [Structure and pharmacological activity of pectic polysaccharides from the roots of Bupleurum falcatum L]. Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi. 1995 Sep;106(3):229-37. Review. Japanese.

Yamahara J, Kobayashi M, Matsuda H, Aoki S. Anticholinergic action of Swertia japonica and an active constituent. J Ethnopharmacol. 1991 May-Jun;33(1-2):31-5.

Yamamoto Y, Shirono H, Kono K, Ohashi Y. Immunopotentiating activity of the water-soluble lignin rich fraction prepared from LEM - the extract of the solid culture medium of Lentinus edodes mycelia. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry. 1997;61:11, 1909-1912: 25 ref.

Yamamura Y. [Immunity against cancer--a critical review of recent progress]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 1983 Feb;10(2 Pt 2):311-9. Japanese.

Yamaoka Y, et al. A polysaccharide fraction of Zizyphi fructus in augmenting natural killer activity by oral administration. Biol Pharm Bull. 1996;Jul;19(7):936-9.

Yan HJ. [Clinical and experimental study of the effect of kang er xin-I on viral myocarditis]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1991 Aug;11(8):468-70, 452. Chinese.

Yance, DR. Herbal Medicine & Cancer. Chicago: Keats Publishing, 1999.

Yang CM, Osterman JC, Markwell J. Temperature sensitivity as a general phenomenon in a collection of chlorophyll-deficient mutants of sweetclover (Melilotus alba). Biochem Genet. 1990 Feb;28(1-2):31-40.

Yang DJ [Tinnitus treated with combined traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih 1989 May;9(5):270-1, 259-60 [Article in Chinese]

Yang DZ. [Effect of Astragalus membranaceus on myoelectric activity of small intestine]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1993 Oct;13(10):616-7, 582.

Yang G, et al. Immunopotentiating effect of traditional Chinese drugs--ginsenoside and glycyrrhiza polysaccharide. Proc Chin Acad Med Sci Peking Union Med Coll. 1990;5(4):188-93. Review.

Yang GY, Wang W. [Clinical studies on the treatment of coronary heart disease with Valeriana officinalis var latifolia]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1994 Sep;14(9):540-2. Chinese.

Yang JW, Li LS. [Effects of Rheum on renal hypertrophy and hyperfiltration of experimental diabetes in rat]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1993 May;13(5):286-8, 261-2. Chinese.

Yang R, Han ZC. Pathogenesis and management of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: an update. Int J Hematol. 2000 Jan;71(1):18-24.

Yang R, Han ZC. Pathogenesis and management of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: an update. Int J Hematol. 2000 Jan;71(1):18-24.

Yang Y, Huang CY, Peng SS, Li J. Carotenoid analysis of several dark-green leafy vegetables associated with a lower risk of cancers. Biomed Environ Sci. 1996 Dec;9(4):386-92.

Yang Y, Kinoshita K, Koyama K, Takahashi K, Tai T, Nunoura Y, Watanabe K. Anti-emetic principles of Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. Phytomedicine. 1999 May;6(2):89-93. Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Meiji Pharmaceutical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Yang YF, Zhou AX, Ma R. [Preliminary analysis of relationship between immunological changes and syndrome differentiation-typing in traditional Chinese medicine and prognosis with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1995 Jul;15(7):401-4. Chinese

Yang YF, Zhou AX, Ma R. [Preliminary analysis of relationship between immunological changes and syndrome differentiation-typing in traditional Chinese medicine and prognosis with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1995 Jul;15(7):401-4. Chinese

Yang YF. [Analysis of the correlations between immunological changes and syndrome groups in patients with immunological thrombocytopenic purpura]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1992 May;12(5):263-6, 259. Chinese.

Yang YF. [Analysis of the correlations between immunological changes and syndrome groups in patients with immunological thrombocytopenic purpura]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1992 May;12(5):263-6, 259. Chinese.

Yang YH, Zhang LZ. [Study on decocting conditions for Pueraria lobata Ohui in qiweibaizhu bage]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1989 Apr;14(4):221-3, 254. Chinese.

Yan-yong C, et al. Studies of Fructus schizandrae. IV. Isolation and determination of the active compounds (in lowering high SGPT levels) of Schizandra chinensis Baill. Sci Sin. 1976 Mar-Apr;19(2):276-90.

Yao ZX, Drieu K, Szweda LI, Papadopoulos V. Free radicals and lipid peroxidation do not mediate beta-amyloid-induced neuronal cell death. Brain Res. 1999 Nov 20;847(2):203-10.

Yeh SS, et al. Geriatric cachexia: the role of cytokines. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Aug;70(2):183-97. Review.

Yeomans MR, Gray RW, Mitchell CJ, True S. Independent effects of palatability and within-meal pauses on intake and appetite ratings in human volunteers. Appetite. 1997 Aug;29(1):61-76.

Yesilada E, Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory activity of the Turkish medicinal plant Sambucus ebulus. Chemistry of Natural Compounds. 1997, 33: 5, 539-540: 5 ref; translated from Khimiya Prirodnykh Soedinenii (1997) 33 (5) 696-697 (Ru)

Yeung, HC, Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas, vol. 1, Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles, 1983.

Yim TK, et al. Myocardial protective effect of an anthraquinone-containing extract of Polygonum multiflorum ex vivo. Planta Med. 1998 Oct;64(7):607-11. Department of Biochemistry, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Clear Water Bay, China.

Yin GY, Yin YF, He XF. [Effect of zhuchun pill on immunity and endocrine function of elderly with kidney-yang deficiency]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1995 Oct;15(10):601-3. Chinese.

Yodyingyuad V, Bunyawong S. Effect of stevioside on growth and reproduction. Hum Reprod. 1991 Jan;6(1):158-65.

Yoshida Y, et al. Immunomodulating activity of Chinese medicinal herbs and Oldenlandia diffusa in particular. International Journal of Immunopharmacology. 1997;19:7, 359-370: 28 ref.

Yoshida Y, Wang MQ, Liu JN, Shan BE, Yamashita U Immunomodulating activity of Chinese medicinal herbs and Oldenlandia diffusa in particular. Int J Immunopharmacol 1997 Jul;19(7):359-70 Department of Immunology and Parasitology, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Japan.

Yoshikawa M et al. Bioactive saponins and glycosides. X. On the constituents of Zizyphi Spinosi Semen, the seeds of Zizyphus jujuba Mill. var. spinosa Hu (1): structures and histamine release-inhibitory effect of jujubosides A1 and C and acetyljujuboside B. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 1997;45:7, 1186-1192:33 ref.

Yoshioka M, Lim K, Kikuzato S, Kiyonaga A, Tanaka H, Shindo M, Suzuki M. Effects of red-pepper diet on the energy metabolism in men. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 1995 Dec;41(6):647-56. Laboratory of Biochemistry of Exercise and Nutrition, University of Tsukuba, Japan.

Yoshizawa K, Willett WC, Morris SJ, Stampfer MJ, Spiegelman D, Rimm EB, Giovannucci E. Study of prediagnostic selenium level in toenails and the risk of advanced prostate cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1998 Aug 19;90(16):1219-24.

You, W.C. et al. 1998. "Helicobacter pylori infection, garlic intake and precancerous lesions in a Chinese population at low risk of gastric cancer." Int J Epidemiol. Dec;27(6):941-4.

Yu S, Chen K, Li S, Zhang K. In vitro and in vivo studies of the effect of a Chinese herb medicine on osteoclastic bone resorption. Chin J Dent Res. 1999 Feb;2(1):7-11.

Yu SJ, et al. Fu-Ling, a Chinese herbal drug, modulates cytokine secretion by human peripheral blood monocytes. Int J Immunopharmacol. 1996 Jan;18(1):37-44. Department of Biology, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei.

Yu YJ. [Effect of tian-huang-ling granule in the treatment of allergic rhinitis]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1989 Dec;9(12):720-1, 708. Chinese.

Yuan CS, Attele AS, Wu JA, Lowell TK, Gu Z, Lin Y. Panax quinquefolium L. inhibits thrombin-induced endothelin release in vitro. Am J Chin Med. 1999;27(3-4):331-8.

Yuan CS, Wu JA, Lowell T, Gu M Gut and brain effects of American ginseng root on brainstem neuronal activities in rats. Am J Chin Med 1998;26(1):47-55

Yuan Y, et al. [Studies of Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch. f. hueichingensis as a blood tonic]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1992 Jun;17(6):366-8, inside backcover. Chinese.

Yun TK. Update from Asia. Asian studies on cancer chemoprevention. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999;889:157-92. Review.

Zaacks SM, Klein L, Tan CD, Rodriguez ER, Leikin JB. Hypersensitivity myocarditis associated with ephedra use. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1999;37(4):485-9.

Zakay-Rones, Z. et al. 1995. "Inhibition of several strains of influenza virus in vitro and reduction of symptoms by an elderberry extract (Sambucus nigra L.) during an outbreak of influenza B Panama." J Altern Complement Med. Winter;1(4):361-9.

Zava DT, Dollbaum CM, Blen M Estrogen and progestin bioactivity of foods, herbs, and spices. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med1998 Mar;217(3):369-78. Aeron Biotechnology, San Leandro, California 94577, USA.

Zee-Cheng RK. Shi-quan-da-bu-tang (ten significant tonic decoction), SQT. A potent Chinese biological response modifier in cancer immunotherapy, potentiation and detoxification of anticancer drugs. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 1992 Nov;14(9):725-36. Review.

Zhan WY, Huang ZQ, Xue ZZ. [Research of the relation between the type of asthenia of the spleen and kidney and platelet associated antibodies and T-lymphocyte subsets in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1992 May;12(5):283-4, 261. Chinese.

Zhan WY, Huang ZQ, Xue ZZ. [Research of the relation between the type of asthenia of the spleen and kidney and platelet associated antibodies and T-lymphocyte subsets in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1992 May;12(5):283-4, 261. Chinese.

Zhang C, et al. Immunomodulatory action of the total saponin of Gynostemma pentaphylla. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1990;Feb;10(2):96-8, 69-70.

Zhang J, Bo S, Zhang Y, Xu H. [Extraction technology of radix Isatidis]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1990 May;15(5):287-9, 318. Chinese.

Zhang J. [A preliminary study on the relation of myopia to the development and nutrition of primary and middle school]. Yen Ko Hsueh Pao. 1994 Jun;10(2):121-4. Chinese.

Zhang JH, Li LS, Zhang M. Clinical effects of rheum and captopril on preventing progression of chronic renal failure. Chin Med J (Engl). 1990 Oct;103(10):788-93.

Zhang JM, Lin PF, Chen LL, Tang LH, Hong XQ, Liang BX, Chen HS, Teng L. [Efficacy of xiaoxingzhang guttae ophthalmic eye drops in the treatment of experimental herpes simplex keratitis]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1993 Jan;18(1):49-52, 64. Chinese.

Zhang L, et al. [Effects of schizandrol A on monoamine neurotransmitters in the central nervous system]. Chung Kuo I Hsueh Ko Hsueh Yuan Hsueh Pao. 1991 Feb;13(1):13-6. Chinese. Institute of Materia Medica, Beijing.

Zhang L, et al. [Memory facilitation induced by Panax ginseng and pseudoginseng in mice]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1987 Oct;7(10):610-2, 582. Chinese

Zhang L, Yang LW, Yang LJ. [Relation between Helicobacter pylori and pathogenesis of chronic atrophic gastritis and the research of its prevention and treatment]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1992 Sep;12(9):521-3, 515-6. Chinese.

Zhang SQ, Zhou CC, Cong DD, Sui SG, Liu XD. Treatment of prostatic hypertrophy with zhi bai kuncao tang (decoction of anemarrhena rhizome, phellodendron bark and motherwort). J Tradit Chin Med. 1988 Dec;8(4):254-6.

Zhang WJ, et al. Effect of notoginsenoside R1 on the synthesis of components of the fibrinolytic system in cultured smooth muscle cells of human pulmonary artery. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 1997 Jun;43(4):581-7. Department of Vascular Biology and Thrombosis Research, University of Vienna, Austria.

Zhang Y, Moriguchi T, Saito H, Nishiyama N Functional relationship between age-related immunodeficiency and learning deterioration. Eur J Neurosci 1998 Dec;10(12):3869-75 Laboratory of Chemical Pharmacology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Japan.

Zhang YK, Wang HY, Wang SX. [The effect of the Chinese medical herbs Astragalus membranaceus and Angelica sinensis on 3 kinds of experimental nephritis]. Chung Hua Nei Ko Tsa Chih. 1986 Apr;25(4):222-5, 254. Chinese.

Zhang YZ, Yan XF. [Effects of nifedipine and Paeonia lactiflora on plasma TXB2 and 6-Keto-PGF1 alpha in cholesterol-fed rabbits]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1990 Nov;10(11):669-71, 645. Chinese. The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan Medical University, Zhengzhou.

Zhang ZJ, Luo HL, Li JS. [Clinical and experimental studies on elimination of oxygen free radical of jinshuibao capsule in treating senile deficiency syndrome and its deoxyribonucleic acid damage repairing effects]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1997 Jan;17(1):35-8. Chinese.

Zhao J, et al. Tissue distribution of silibinin, the major active constituent of silymarin, in mice and its association with enhancement of phase II enzymes: implications in cancer chemoprevention. Carcinogenesis. 1999 Nov;20(11):2101-2108.

Zhao KS, et al. Enhancement of the immune response in mice by Astragalus membranaceus extracts. Immunopharmacology. 1990;Nov-Dec;20(3):225-33.

Zhao XZ. [Antisenility effect of ginseng-rhizome saponin]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1990 Oct;10(10):586-9, 579. Zhejiang College of TCM, Hangzhou.

Zhao YH. [Preliminary observation on the therapeutic effect of Astragalus membranaceus in experimental anti-glomerular basement membrane nephritis in rabbits]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1983 Sep;3(5):302-3. Chinese.

Zheng F. [Effect of Rheum officinal on the proliferation of renal tubular cells in vitro]. Chung Hua I Hsueh Tsa Chih. 1993 Jun;73(6):343-5, 380-1.

Zheng M. [Experimental study of 472 herbs with antiviral action against the herpes simplex virus]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1990 Jan;10(1):39-41, 6. Chinese.

Zheng MS An experimental study of the anti-HSV-II action of 500 herbal drugs J Tradit Chin Med 1989 Jun;9(2):113-6.

Zheng WY, Pi GH, Xu KY et al. [The therapeutic effect of Chinese medicinal herbs on HIV patients.] Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology. 1999 13(3) 291-294.

Zhou H, Jiao D. [312 cases of gastric and duodenal ulcer bleeding treated with 3 kinds of alcoholic extract rhubarb tablets]. Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1990 Mar;10(3):150-1, 131-2. Chinese.

Zhou J and Liu G. Recent Advances in Chinese Medicine. Beijing: Science Press, 1991.

Zhou XM, et al. [Experimental study of Salvia miltiorrhiza on prevention of restenosis after angioplasty]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1996 Aug;16(8):480-2. Cardiology Department, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical University, Wuhan.

Zhou XP, Zhang SW, Jin MW. [Effect of jiutuo II injection on shock model of superior mesenteric artery occlusion in rabbit]. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih. 1994 Oct;14(10):604-6. Chinese.

Zhou, L. et al. 1990. "Short-term curative effect of cultured Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. Mycelia in chronic hepatitis B." Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. Jan;15(1):53-5, 65.

Zhu JS, et al. The scientific rediscovery of a precious ancient Chinese herbal regimen: Cordyceps sinensis: part II. J Altern Complement Med. 1998 Winter;4(4):429-57. Review.

Zhu JS, et al. The scientific rediscovery of an ancient Chinese herbal medicine: Cordyceps sinensis: part I. J Altern Complement Med. 1998 Fall;4(3):289-303.

Zhu MD, et al. Evidence of compromised circulation in the pathogenesis of optic nerve damage in chronic glaucomatous rabbit. Chin Med J (Engl). 1993 Dec;106(12):922-7. Department of Ophthalmology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical College.

Zhuang J, et al. [The use of 6-flavor Rehmannia decoction with additives in the prevention of ototoxic deafness induced by gentamicin in guinea pigs]. Chung Kuo Chung Yao Tsa Chih. 1992 Aug;17(8):496-9, inside backcover. Chinese

Zi X, et al. A flavonoid antioxidant, silymarin, inhibits activation of erbB1 signaling and induces cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, G1 arrest, and anticarcinogenic effects in human prostate carcinoma DU145 cells. Cancer Res. 1998 May 1;58(9):1920-9.

Zi X, et al. Anticarcinogenic effect of a flavonoid antioxidant, silymarin, in human breast cancer cells MDA-MB 468: induction of G1 arrest through an increase in Cip1/p21 concomitant with a decrease in kinase activity of cyclin-dependent kinases and associated cyclins. Clin Cancer Res. 1998 Apr;4(4):1055-64.

Ziauddin M, et al. Studies on the immunomodulatory effects of Ashwagandha. J Ethnopharmacol. 1996 Feb;50(2):69-76

Zima T, Kamenikova L, Janebova M, Buchar E, Crkovska J, Tesar V. The effect of silibinin on experimental cyclosporine nephrotoxicity. Ren Fail. 1998 May;20(3):471-9.

Ziment I. Alternative therapies for asthma. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 1997 Jan;3(1):61-71. Review.

Zimmermann I, et al. [Sputum concentrations of tetracycline-HCl, doxycycline and tetracycline-HCl bromelain after oral administration] MMW Munch Med Wochenschr. 1978 Aug 4;120(31):1033-4. German.

Ziolo G, Samochowiec L. Study on clinical properties and mechanisms of action of Petasites in bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive bronchitis. Pharm Acta Helv. 1998 Feb;72(6):378-80

Zoppi G, et al. Oral bacteriotherapy in clinical practice. I. The use of different preparations in infants treated with antibiotics. Eur J Pediatr. 1982 Sep;139(1):18-21.

Zucker, M. 1993. "Ancient Indian medical herb proving itself a winner for modern-day arthritis sufferers." Townsend Letter for Doctors. Aug/Sep; 874.

Zurrier RB et al, 1996. Gamma-linolenic acid treatment of rheumatoid arthitis. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Arthritis Rheum 39: 108-1817.